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Open city

In war, when enemy forces are close to capturing a city, the government or military forces in control of the city will sometimes call the city an open city. This means that they will not try to defend the city. The attacking armies will be expect ...

                                               

Powder monkey

Powder monkeys were boys or young teenagers who used to work on board the old sailing ships when they went to war. When there was a battle it was the powder monkeys job to carry bags of gunpowder from the place where it was stored to the people w ...

                                               

Prisoner of war

A prisoner of war is a non-combatant who has been captured by the forces of the enemy, during an armed conflict. In past centuries, prisoners had no rights. They were usually killed or forced to be slaves. Nowadays prisoners of war have rights th ...

                                               

Psychological warfare

The term psychological warfare is used to describe methods that military use in war-time. We may understand it as an attempt to influence the behavior/beliefs of enemy armed forces and/or foreign civilian populations. Psychological warfare has ma ...

                                               

Radar jamming

Radar jamming is the emission of radio frequency signals to interfere with the work of a radar by flooding its receiver with noise or false information. There are two types of radar jamming: Mechanical and electronic jamming.

                                               

Raid

For the technology of putting many hard drives together, see RAID A raid is an attack into enemy territory with no intent to get control of it. For example, the attack on Pearl Harbor was an air raid. The attackers go away immediately after the a ...

                                               

Refugee camp

When there is a war or some other armed conflict in a country, many people will try to flee from that country. They will go to other countries, around the country where there is no war. Because they fled, they are called refugees. If there are ju ...

                                               

Sanitary epidemiological reconnaissance

Sanitary epidemiological reconnaissance is a diagnostic method in epidemiology. It has been used in the Soviet Japanese campaign in WWII immediately behind the first echelon of tanks and mechanized vehicles of advancing Soviet army should they en ...

                                               

Scorched earth

A scorched-earth policy is a military strategy. The goal is to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy while the enemy is going through or running away from a place. Any useful things that could be used by the enemy may be targeted, fo ...

                                               

Shooting

Shooting is when a rifle, shotgun or other weapons which fire a projectile, such as bows or crossbows, are fired. Even the firing of artillery, rockets and missiles can be called shooting. A person who is very good at shooting is a marksman. Shoo ...

                                               

Strategic Defense Initiative

The Strategic Defense Initiative was a plan created by U.S. President Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983 to use ground and space-based systems to protect the United States from attack by nuclear ballistic missiles. The initiative focused on defense ...

                                               

Tactical victory

                                               

Theatre (warfare)

In warfare, a theatre or theater is an area where there are many battles. Theatres are bordered by peaceful areas. Some wars are fought in one theatre. Many wars, for example the Seven Years War have been fought in many different theatres. There ...

                                               

Trench warfare

Trench warfare is a war tactic, or way of fighting. It was commonly used on the Western Front in the First World War but also at other wars and other places. In trench warfare, the two sides fighting each other dug trenches in a battlefield. Thes ...

                                               

Unconventional warfare

Unconventional warfare is any kind of war which does not fit the traditional war between nations or groups. It includes foreign resistance movements and guerilla groups, who fight against an occupying force or their own government. In conventiona ...

                                               

Victory

Victory is winning an argument, war or test. Many songs have been made called victory songs. Victory often comes with a lot of emotion. Victory is usually celebrated after winning, although there are many times not to, like after a war. The term ...

                                               

War of Attrition

The War of Attrition was a war between Egypt and Israel. It ran from March 1969 to 7th August 1970 when the ceasefire was restored. It followed the Six-Day War in 1967, when Israel won a victory and captured the Golan Heights, Gaza Strip and the ...

                                               

War of the Austrian Succession

The War of the Austrian Succession involved most countries in Europe. It was fought over Archduchess Maria Theresas succession to the Habsburg Monarchy. The war included other events such as King Georges War in British America, the War of Jenkins ...

                                               

World War

A World War is a war in which most of the countries in the world fight or help. There have been two World Wars so far, World War I and World War II. Several wars such as the Seven Years War were fought in many places around the world, but they we ...

                                               

Witch

A witch is a person who practices witchcraft or magic. Traditionally, the word was used to accuse someone of bewitching someone, or casting a spell on them to gain control over them by magic. It is now also used by some to refer to those who prac ...

                                               

The Blair Witch Project

The Blair Witch Project is a 1999 American independent supernatural horror movie. It was written and directed by Daniel Myrick and Eduardo Sanchez and produced by the Haxan Films production company. This movie was put together from amateur footag ...

                                               

Elizabeth of Doberschutz

                                               

Hocus Pocus (movie)

Hocus Pocus is a 1993 American family fantasy horror comedy movie. It was directed by Kenny Ortega. It stars Bette Midler, Sarah Jessica Parker and Kathy Najimy. The movie is about a family of witches, known as the Sanderson Sisters. They were re ...

                                               

1304

1304 was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1304th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 304th year of the 2nd millennium, the 4th year of the 14th century, and the 5th year of the 1300s decade.

                                               

1310s

                                               

15 February 2003 anti-war protests

On February 15, 2003, there was a day of protests across the world. The protests were to express peoples opposition to the imminent invasion of Iraq. They were held in more than 600 cities. It was part of a series of protests and political events ...

                                               

1507

August 20 – Guru Nanak Dev becomes the first guru and leader of the Sikh religion. July 4 – Martin Luther is ordained a priest of the Catholic Church.

                                               

1556 Shaanxi earthquake

The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake was a very bad earthquake that occurred on the morning of 23 January 1556 in Shaanxi, during the Ming Dynasty. It killed around 830.000 people, making it the worst earthquake in human history by number of deaths. More ...

                                               

1570 Concepcion earthquake

The 1570 Concepcion earthquake occurred at 9:00, on February 8, 1570. The earthquake destroyed the town of Concepcion. A tsunami was caused and aftershocks were reported for months after the earthquake.

                                               

The 1619 Project

The 1619 Project is a controversial project in the United States created by Nikole Hannah-Jones, writers from The New York Times, and The New York Times Magazine. It is meant to change the countrys history by talking about the effects of slavery. ...

                                               

1646

December 21 – Temperatures around the world start to decline as part of the Little Ice Age. February 16 – First English Civil War: The Battle of Great Torrington, Devon, the last major battle of the conflict, is fought.

                                               

1811-12 New Madrid Earthquake

A number of earthquakes that happened near the town of New Madrid, in late 1811, and early 1812 are known as the 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes today. The first of these happened December 16, 1811. It probably had a magnitude of 7.5-7.9 on the Ri ...

                                               

1886 Charleston earthquake

The 1886 Charleston earthquake took place around 9:50 pm local time on August 31 with an estimated moment magnitude between 6.9 and 7.3. The quake caused 60 deaths and damage between five and six million dollars to just over 2.000 buildings in th ...

                                               

1888 Sundsvall Fire

The 1888 Sundsvall Fire was a fire in the town of Sundsvall in Sweden. The fire happened on 25 June 1888. The fire occurred during a storm. The storm allowed the fire to spread fast among the wooden houses in town. The same day a fire also occurr ...

                                               

1906 San Francisco earthquake

The 1906 San Francisco earthquake was the biggest earthquake that has ever hit San Francisco on April 18, 1906. It was felt from Los Angeles to Oregon and Nevada. The earthquake was about a 7.8 on the Richter scale. Around 3.000 people were kille ...

                                               

1920 Duluth lynchings

The 1920 Duluth lynchings occurred when a mob attacked and lynched three black circus workers in Duluth, Minnesota. Beforehand there were rumours that black people had raped a teenager. A physician who examined the girl found no evidence of rape ...

                                               

1953 British Mount Everest expedition

The British Mount Everest expedition of 1953 was the first expedition that made it to the summit of Mt. Everest. Edmund Hillary, an explorer, and Tenzing Norgay, a Nepalese mountain climber, were the pair who got to the top. It was the ninth atte ...

                                               

1971 San Fernando earthquake

The 1971 San Fernando earthquake happened in the early morning of February 9 in the San Gabriel Mountains. It was at the northern edge of the San Fernando Valley in southern California. The quake measured 6.6 on the Richter scale. The damage was ...

                                               

1973 Chilean coup detat

The 1973 Chilean coup detat was a critical moment in both the history of Chile and the Cold War. Following many years of social unrest and political tension between the opposition-controlled Congress of Chile and the socialist President Salvador ...

                                               

1973–1975 recession

The 1973–1975 recession or 1970s recession was a period of economic stagnation in much of the Western world during the 1970s. It was different from many previous recessions by being a stagflation, where high unemployment and high inflation existe ...

                                               

1979 oil crisis

The 1979 oil crisis or oil shock occurred in the world due to decreased oil output in the wake of the Iranian Revolution. Despite the fact that global oil supply decreased by only ~4%, widespread panic resulted, driving the price far higher. The ...

                                               

1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens

On May 18, 1980, Mount St. Helens in Washington erupted. The eruption was recorded as a 5 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index. Throughout the two months before the eruption, there was a series of earthquakes and steam was vented from the mouth of t ...

                                               

1983 Beirut barracks bombing

The Beirut Barracks Bombing was a terrorist attack that happened on 23 October 1983 during the Lebanese Civil War. Two truck bombs hit buildings housing French and American troops. In total, 299 people were killed. A group called Islamic Jihad Or ...

                                               

1983 Invasion of Grenada

The Invasion of Grenada, codenamed Operation Urgent Fury, was an invasion of the nation of Grenada ordered by President Ronald Reagan. Grenada is an island in the Caribbean Sea, 100 miles north of Venezuela, and over 1.500 miles south east of the ...

                                               

1985 Mexico City earthquake

The 1985 Mexico City earthquake was an earthquake that happened in Mexico City on September 19, 1985. It had a magnitude of 8.1, and the number of people killed was around 10.000.

                                               

1985 Santiago earthquake

The 1985 Santiago earthquake was registered the Sunday March 3, 1985 at 22:47 UTC. Its epicenter was on the coastline of the Valparaiso Region, Chile, near Algarrobo. It had a magnitude of 8.0 on the Richter scale.

                                               

1986 United States bombing of Libya

The bombing of Libya by the United States in 1986 was code-named Operation El Dorado Canyon. It was a series of air-strikes against Libya on 15 April 1986 ordered by President Ronald Reagan. The attack was made by the U.S. Air Force, U.S. Navy an ...

                                               

1987 Sino-Indian skirmish

The 1987 Sino-Indian skirmish occurred at Sumdorong Chu Valley. This was the second conflict between the PRC and India, with the previous one taking place exactly a quarter of a century earlier.

                                               

1988 Armenian earthquake

The 1988 Armenian earthquake, also known as the Spitak earthquake, happened on December 7 at 11:41 local time with a surface wave magnitude of 6.8 and a maximum MSK intensity of X. The shock happened in the northern region of Armenia. Between 25. ...

                                               

1989 Loma Prieta earthquake

The 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake was an earthquake that happened in the San Francisco Bay Area. It happened on October 17, 1989, just after 5pm local time. The earthquake caused over 67 deaths. It caused billions of dollars worth of property damag ...

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