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Trans-Saharan trade

Trans-Saharan trade was when people traveled across the Sahara to reach sub-Saharan Africa from the North African coast, Europe, or the Levant. The trade existed during the prehistoric times. The trade became popular from the 8th century until th ...

                                               

Treaty of Amritsar

The Treaty of Amritsar was signed on March 16, 1846 to settle a dispute over territory in Kashmir after the First Sikh War with the United Kingdom. The treaty was signed in the city of Amritsar. As part of the treaty land was given to Maharaja Gu ...

                                               

Treaty of Berlin (1742)

Based on the treaty, Maria Theresa gave most of Silesia to Frederick. This treaty, along with the Treaty of Breslau, officially ended the First Silesian War.

                                               

Treaty of Berlin (1889)

Based on the treaty, Samoa became independent and was allowed to choose its own king to rule it. However, the king would be advised by the United States, Great Britain, and Germany. In 1899, the treaty was replaced by the Treaty of Berlin 1899.

                                               

Treaty of Berlin (1899)

The Treaty of Berlin was signed on 14 November 1899 between the United States, Germany, and the British. Before the treaty was signed, the British, Germans, and Americans wanted Samoa to trade with. Based on the treaty, Samoa was divided between ...

                                               

Treaty of Berlin (1921)

The Treaty of Berlin was between the United States and Germany. The US did not agree with parts of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles and wanted to sign a different treaty.

                                               

Treaty of Berlin (1926)

The Treaty of Berlin was signed on 24 April 1926. It was between Germany and the Soviet Union. Each promised to stay neutral if another country attacked them for the next five years.

                                               

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

The Treaty of Brest Litovsk was signed on March 3, 1918 between the new Bolshevik government of Russia and the Central Powers, which effectively ended Russias involvement in World War I.

                                               

Treaty of Fontainebleau (1762)

The Treaty of Fontainebleau was a secret agreement in 1762. In this treaty, France ceded Louisiana to Spain. The treaty happened shortly after the last battle in the French and Indian War in North America. This battle was the Battle of Signal Hil ...

                                               

Treaty of Lahore

The Treaty of Lahore was signed on 9 March 1846 after the First Sikh War. After the defeat of the Sikhs at the Battle of Sobraon the British were able to march into Lahore without any further battles. After the British reached the city of Lahore ...

                                               

Treaty of London (1913)

The Treaty of London was a treaty signed on 30 May. It was to move the borders of countries after the First Balkan War. The Balkan League won the war from the Ottoman Empire. The Balkan League was Serbia, Greece, Kingdom of Bulgaria, and Monteneg ...

                                               

Treaty of New Echota

The Treaty of New Echota was a treaty signed on December 29, 1835, in New Echota, Georgia by officials of the United States government and representatives of a minority Cherokee faction, the Treaty Party. The treaty of New Echota essentially made ...

                                               

Treaty of Northampton

The Treaty of Northampton signed in 1328 was an agreement between England and Scotland that recognised Scotland as an independent country and Robert the Bruce as its king. Edward I of England and his son Edward II had been fighting wars against R ...

                                               

Treaty of Paris (1229)

The Treaty of Paris was a treaty signed on April 12, 1229. It was signed between Raymond VII of Toulouse and Louis IX of France. The agreement officially ended the Albigensian Crusade. Th treaty also said that Raymonds daughter was to be married ...

                                               

Treaty of Paris (1259)

The Treaty of Paris was a treaty between Louis IX of France and Henry III of England, agreed to on December 4, 1259. It is also known as Treaty of Albeville. It was mainly about territories that England had obtained in 1180, in Normandy. Philip I ...

                                               

Treaty of Paris (1303)

The Treaty of Paris was signed on May 20, 1303, between England and France. In the Treaty of Paris, Gascony was given to England, as a fief. On all occasions when there was a change of monarch in France or England, the vassal England had to give ...

                                               

Treaty of Paris (1763)

The Treaty of Paris, often called the Peace of Paris, or the Treaty of 1763, was signed on 10 February 1763, by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement. It ended the Seven Years War, known as the French and Ind ...

                                               

Treaty of Paris (1920)

The 1920 Treaty of Paris was an act signed by Romania and the Principal Allied Powers of the time whose purpose was the recognition of Romanian sovereignty over Bessarabia. The treaty however never came into force because Japan failed to ratify it.

                                               

Treaty of Portsmouth

The Treaty of Portsmouth formally ended the 1904–1905 Russo-Japanese War. It was signed on 5 September 1905 after negotiations at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Kittery, Maine in the United States. It was named after nearby Portsmouth, New Hamp ...

                                               

Treaty of Rawalpindi

The Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919, also known as the Treaty of Rawalpindi, was a treaty which brought the Third Anglo-Afghan War to an end. It was signed on 8 August 1919 in Rawalpindi by Great Britain and Afghanistan. Britain recognised Afghanista ...

                                               

Treaty of Rome

The Treaty of Rome was signed on 25 March 1957 between six European coutries that created the European Union. It created a common market for goods and people. Other countries later joined it.

                                               

Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye

The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye was signed on 10 September 1919 by the winning Allies and the new Republic of Austria on the other. Austria lost large amounts of territory to the Allies after it lost World War I. Like the Treaty of Versailles ...

                                               

Treaty of Shimonoseki

The Treaty of Shimonoseki was signed between the Qing Dynasty and Empire of Japan at Shimonoseki in 1895. It ended the First Sino-Japanese War.

                                               

Treaty of Tordesillas

The Treaty of Tordesillas was a treaty between Portugal and Spain in 1494 in which they decided to divide up all the land in the Americas between the two of them, no matter who was already living there. Pope Alexander VI, who was Spanish, was the ...

                                               

Treaty of Trianon

The Treaty of Trianon is the peace treaty formed in 1920 by the Allies and Hungary. Hungary lost World War I and so the treaty made two thirds of its land and one third of its population go to neighbouring countries like Romania, Czechoslovakia a ...

                                               

Treaty of Verdun

The Treaty of Verdun happened two generations after Charlemagne and divided his empire into three parts. When Charlemagnes son Louis the Pious died in 840, his oldest son Lothair I said that he ruled his younger brothers and their lands. But his ...

                                               

Treaty of Waitangi

The Treaty of Waitangi, Māori: te Tiriti o Waitangi, was a treaty that was signed on 6 February 1840 at Waitangi, New Zealand. It was signed by European settlers and by Māori chiefs. It is widely considered to be a founding document of New Zealan ...

                                               

Trial by ordeal

Trial by ordeal was a way to decide if someone was guilty or innocent of a crime. This was usually done by causing the accused person to do a painful task. If that task was completed without injury or if the injuries healed fast, this taken as a ...

                                               

Tribes of Israel

The Israelites were divided into twelve tribes, according to the twelve sons of the Biblical patriarch, Jacob: The Land of Israel was divided among those tribes, but there were a few exceptions: The tribe of Levi got no land but had to do temple ...

                                               

Triple Entente

The Triple Entente was the name given to an alliance between the United Kingdom, France and the Russian Empire. The alliance was made after the Anglo-Russian Entente, an agreement between Britain and Russia in 1907. The alliance was made stronger ...

                                               

Tripura (princely state)

Twipra Kingdom was the ancient kingdom of the Tripuri people of the Bodo-Kachari ethnicity. It is now the state of Tripura in the northeastern region of India. It had a chronicle of 186 kings till the present king.

                                               

Trojan Horse

The Trojan Horse is a large wooden horse from the Trojan War in Greek mythology. In the Trojan War, the Greeks were fighting against the city of Troy. The war started when Helen, the queen of Sparta, was kidnapped by Paris, prince of Troy. The Gr ...

                                               

The Troubles

The Troubles was a guerrilla/nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century. It is also known as the Northern Ireland conflict, it is sometimes described as an "irregular war" or "low-level war". The conflict began in the l ...

                                               

Trust, but verify

Trust, but verify is a Russian proverb. It was used often during the Cold War era by Ronald Reagan and meant the United States can trust the Soviet Union, but they need to make sure they wont betray the United States.

                                               

Tsar

Tsar is the title for the supreme ruler of Bulgaria in 913–1422, later usage in 1908–1946, the supreme ruler of Serbia in 1346 - 1371 and the emperor of Russia from 1546 until 1721. Since 1721 the title of Russian emperors was imperator, but the ...

                                               

Tugrul

Tughril Bey was the Turkomanfounder of the Seljuk Empire. He ruled from 1037 to 1063. Tughril united the Turkmen warriors of the Great Eurasian Steppes into a confederacy of tribes, who traced their ancestry to a single ancestor named Seljuq, and ...

                                               

Typhoon Jebi (2018)

Typhoon Jebi, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Maymay, is currently a weakening cyclone over Primorsky Krai, Russia. Jebi was tied as the most intense tropical cyclone of the Northern Hemisphere in 2018, and is thought to be the strongest typh ...

                                               

Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic or in short, the Ukrainian SSR or Soviet Ukraine was in the southwestern part of the Soviet Union. It had the second largest population of the fifteen republics of the Soviet Union. This lasted from 1922 to ...

                                               

Ultra

Ultra was the name given by British military intelligence for the attack on German military codes in World War II. It included the Enigma machine and, later, the Japanese Purple machine. The work on Enigma started before the war, when Polish cryp ...

                                               

Uluburun

Uluburun is a sunken shipwreck that dates to the late 14th century BC. It was found in 1982 off the coast of south-western Turkey. It was found by chance by a scuba diver. The ship was 20 meters long and could carry up to 20 tons. Uluburun is the ...

                                               

Umkhonto we Sizwe

Umkhonto we Sizwe, was a South African guerilla movement created in 1961 by Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu and other people from the African National Congress. It was created when the government started killing and hurting people who protested aga ...

                                               

Union Army

The Union Army was the name of the army that fought for the Union during the American Civil War. It was also known as the Federal Army, the U.S. Army, the Northern Army, or the National Army.

                                               

Union of South Africa

The Union of South Africa is the historic predecessor to the modern-day Republic of South Africa. It was formed on 31 May 1910 when the British Cape Colony and the Natal Colony unified with the defeated Boer republics of the South African Republi ...

                                               

Union of Utrecht (Old Catholic)

In 1889, the Old Catholic Church seceded from the Roman Catholic Church, mainly because Old Catholics do not accept the dogma that the pope is infallible. All of the Old Catholic Churches united in what is called the Union of Utrecht, in 1889.

                                               

United Airlines Flight 232

United Airlines Flight 232 was a scheduled flight from Stapleton International Airport in Denver, Colorado, to OHare International Airport in Chicago. On July 19, 1989, the DC-10 operating the route crash-landed in Sioux City, Iowa, after sufferi ...

                                               

United Arab Republic

The United Arab Republic was a country formed in 1957 when Egypt and Syria joined together. Gamal Abdel Nasser was the president. When they separated in 1961, Egypt kept the name of United Arab Republic until 1971 when the official name of the co ...

                                               

United Empire Loyalists

United Empire Loyalists were people living in the 13 colonies in what was British North America in the 1770s who did not agree with the American Revolution. Many residents of the colonies possibly a majority either were not in complete agreement ...

                                               

United Fruit Company

The United Fruit Company was an American corporation. It dealt with tropical fruits, especially bananas. These fruits were grown on Central and South American plantations. They were sold in the United States and Europe. The company was created in ...

                                               

United Kingdom of the Netherlands

The United Kingdom of the Netherlands is the unofficial name used for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. This was after it was first made from part of the First French Empire and before the new Kingdom of Belgium split off from it in 1830. Most of i ...

                                               

United National Independence Party

The United National Independence Party is a political party in Zambia. It governed the country from 1964 to 1991. This was under President Kenneth Kaunda. It was the only party allowed to exist in Zambia between 1973 and 1991. The party was found ...

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