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Humanitarianism

Humanitarianism is a way of behaving out of kindness to other people. Someone who is a humanitarian is a person who helps to improve the lives of other people without thinking about their race, belief or nationality. Humanitarianism is not the sa ...

                                               

Intergenerational contract

An intergenerational contract is an agreement between different generations. It assumes that future generations will honor the contract and provide a service to a generation that has done the same service for an older generation. The most common ...

                                               

Middle age

For the time in history, see Middle Ages. Middle age is the period of life between youth and before old age. There is no fixed age, but most people think it begins when someone is about 40 years old, until the person is 64 years old. In most coun ...

                                               

Oath

An oath is a promise. An oath is spoken out loud in front of other people who can see and hear what is done and said. They are witnesses to the oath. A person who cannot speak can make a sign that they are "taking an oath". Another way of saying ...

                                               

Partnership

A partnership is when two or more people work together to complete a task. Those people are partners. Partner may share a business together for the profit of each other. If one business partner ends up making money they both share the profit. Som ...

                                               

Peace

Peace is a time without any fights or wars. In a larger sense, peace can mean a state of harmony, quiet or calm that is not disturbed by anything at all, like a still pond with no ripples. Many people and organizations want peace. One organizatio ...

                                               

Philanthropy

Philanthropy is doing something for the public good to improve other peoples lives. A person who does that is called a philanthropist. Philanthropy often involves donating money for things that need to be done. The word "philanthropy" comes from ...

                                               

Physical attractiveness

Physical attractiveness means the different characteristics of someones physical appearance that different people consider to be beautiful in other humans. Physical attractiveness can also include sexual attractiveness, ideas about beauty, propor ...

                                               

Popularity

Popularity is the state of being well-liked or well-known. People, things, and ideas can be popular. Popularity figures are an important part of many peoples personal value systems, and forms a critical part of success in fields such as managemen ...

                                               

Queue area

A queue is a line of people standing behind one another who are waiting for something. The person at the front of the queue will have his turn next, then the next person and so on. When someone comes to join the queue they have to go to the back ...

                                               

Renaissance man

The term Renaissance man or polymath is used for a very clever man who is good at many different things. It is named after the Renaissance period of history. Two of the best-known people from this time were Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. Leo ...

                                               

Rites of passage

Rites of passage are rituals performed by human beings, individually or collectively as a social group, that symbolically acknowledge the departure from one phase of life and the arrival into another. All people in every society and culture exper ...

                                               

Subversion

Subversion is a systematic attempt to overthrow or undermine a government or political system by persons working from within. Subversion works against structures of power, authority, exploitation, servitude, and hierarchy. A subversive is somethi ...

                                               

Utopia

Utopia is a name for an imaginary community or society with a perfect system of laws and politics. Sir Thomas More invented the word for his 1516 book Utopia. The book was about a fictional island in the Atlantic Ocean. The word has been used to ...

                                               

Sociology

Sociology is the study of societies and how humans act in groups. Sociology is a social science. People who study sociology are called sociologists. A society is the community of people living in a particular country or region and having shared c ...

                                               

498a

Section 498-A is a cognizable offence under the Indian Penal Code, 1860 and was brought into the IPC in the year 1983 to curb the menace of cruelty to married women for want of dowry, which often led to their deaths. It makes it a crime to be cru ...

                                               

Adventure

An adventure is something exciting that happens to someone. An adventure can be a made-up story, or it can be something that happens in real life. People often like stories about a person or a group of people who go off and have an adventure. The ...

                                               

Agnotology

Agnotology is a branch of science which looks at the ways in which doubt or ignorance about certain subjects is created. A very good example of how this happens is the publication of scientific studies that rely on data that is inaccurate or misl ...

                                               

Alienation

Alienation is the feeling of being left out, not belonging or not understanding yourself in relation to your environment. Alienation can be talked about in many ways. In psychology, researchers talk about alienation in terms of how well or unwell ...

                                               

Anomie

Anomie means the absence of the usual moral or ethical values, where a person or group lacks ethical standards. In the context of society or government it may be a cause of social unrest.

                                               

Barbarian

In Ancient Greece, the name βάρβαρος, barbaros, was given to all those who did not speak the Greek language. Later, the term Barbarian came to mean Anyone who is not Greek. Later again, it meant anyone who is outside the Roman Empire. In modern u ...

                                               

Bey

Bey is a traditionally Turkish title for Chieftain ruler of a Beylik, for the leaders or rulers of various sized areas in the Ottoman Empire. The equivalent title for women was Begum. In modern times, the word is still used formally as a social t ...

                                               

Bigotry

A bigot is a person who is intolerant of opinions, lifestyles, or identities that are different from their own. Mostly, the persons opinions are based on prejudice. For example, an outspoken member of a political party who blocks those with oppos ...

                                               

Body language

Body language is a form of non-verbal communication. Body language is about using behaviour to communicate. Both people and animals use this form of communication. Part of this behaviour is done subconsciously. It is therefore different from comm ...

                                               

Bureaucracy

Bureaucracy is the structure and set of rules that control the activities of people that work for large organizations and government. It is characterized by standardized procedure rule-following, formal division of responsibility, hierarchy, and ...

                                               

Cultural Materialism

Cultural Materialism is a way to understand why and how societies change. It grew in popularity by Marvin Harris in 1968 through his book The Rise of Anthropological Theory. It brings together many different ideas such as Marxism, cultural evolut ...

                                               

Cycle of abuse

Cycle of abuse is the name of a theory that was developed to explain certain patterns in an abusive relationship, and in domestic violence. Lenore Walker developed the theory in the 1970s, after she had observed that there is a pattern that repea ...

                                               

Eccentricity

Eccentricity or extravagance is a word used to describe unusual behaviour in a person. People who have habits which many people think are very strange may be called eccentric. Eccentric behaviour is not necessarily good or bad in itself. Some cle ...

                                               

Ethnocentrism

Ethnocentrism is when a person tries to judge the culture of other people from the point of view of their own culture. Ethnocentrism can look at things like language, custom, religion and behavior. An ethnocentric person will use their own cultur ...

                                               

Fairness

Fairness is the concept in sociology, law and generally in society, that something should be equal and not be a contradiction to accepted standards. Its related to justice in both the legal and sociological sense. Fairness is also treating others ...

                                               

Gender role

Gender role is the idea that people should behave in certain ways because of their gender. As an example, in a hunter-gatherer economy, men usually do more hunting and women do more gathering. In a money economy, it was traditionally the role of ...

                                               

Homosociality

Homosociality is a term used in sociology, which describes a same-sex relationship which is not romantic or sexual in nature. These relationships might be called friendships, mentorships, or other. Heterosociality is the opposite. It means that o ...

                                               

Ideology

An ideology is a collection of ideas or beliefs shared by a group of people. It may be a connected set of ideas, or a style of thought, or a world-view. It was coined by a French philosopher, Destutt de Tracy in 1801/5. There are two main types o ...

                                               

Impression management

Impression management is an idea spoken about in the discipline of sociology. It is about the experience in everyday life where people control the way that they appear to others. People do this by selecting certain gestures, speech patterns, femi ...

                                               

Intergenerational conflict

An intergenerational conflict is either a conflict situation between teenagers and adults or a more abstract conflict between two generations, which often involves prejudices against another generation. Furthermore, intergenerational conflict des ...

                                               

Multiculturalism

Multiculturalism is a word that describes a society where many different cultures live together. It is the simple fact of cultural diversity. In a multicultural society, there is not an official decided by the people in charge culture that every ...

                                               

Oppression

Oppression is when a person or group of people who have power use it in a way that is not fair, unjust or cruel. It can also describe the feeling of people who are oppressed. Oppressive governments can lead to a rebellion. Racism, sexism and othe ...

                                               

Peer group

A peer group is a group of people who are equal in some way. Those in a peer group have the same status and are about the same age. They often interact with the group as a whole. Members of a peer group often have similar interests and backgrounds.

                                               

Peer support

Peer support is when a peer who has had the same experience helps another person by teaching them and listening to them. For a person with a disability, peer support is when a disabled person helps another person with the same kind of disability ...

                                               

Personal space

Personal space is a concept from sociology. The concept talks about two actors. The basic idea behind it is these actors have space around them. The closer they are to each other emotionally, the closer an actor will be able to stand to the other ...

                                               

Separatism

In a society, certain people may have ideas that are noticeably different from those of the majority. These people are sometimes called hat the majority recognises that their ideas are different. Very often, they also want autonomy, self-determin ...

                                               

Shelter

A shelter is a place where someone or something is put in or goes to be kept safe or hidden. It can also be any place where people live that "shelters" them from any danger such as the weather. There are different kinds of shelters and they are f ...

                                               

Social order

The term social order can be used in two ways: It may mean a particular system of social structures and institutions. Examples are the ancient, the feudal, and the capitalist social orders. Secondly, social order is the opposite of social chaos o ...

                                               

Sociobiology

Sociobiology is a field of scientific study which is based on the assumption that social behaviour has resulted from evolution. It attempts to explain and examine social behaviour in that way. A branch of ethology and sociology, sociobiology draw ...

                                               

Stereotype threat

Stereotype threat is the risk of confirming a negative stereotype about a group to which one belongs. Claude Steele introduced this idea in 1995. Stereotype threat may reduce the performance of people who belong to a negatively stereotyped group.

                                               

Structural violence

Structural violence is when a social structure or social institution hurts people by preventing them from getting their basic needs. Unlike physical violence, there is no bloodshed and is not very obvious. However, people are still hurt and struc ...

                                               

Tragedy of the commons

The tragedy of the commons was an article published by Garrett Hardin in the journal Science in 1968. It describes a problem where many people with their own ideas can make something they all share worse, even if no one wants to. For example, eve ...

                                               

Brundtland Commission

The Brundtland Commission was created by the United Nations in 1983 to reflect about ways to save the human environment and natural resources and prevent deterioration of economic and social development. The UN General Assembly thought that envir ...

                                               

LEED

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design is a certification program for the design, construction and operation of high performance green buildings since 2002. This mark of excellence is known across the world and there are four levels of exc ...

                                               

Renewable energy commercialization

Renewable energy commercialization involves many different technologies, including solar photovoltaics, solar thermal power plants, solar heating and cooling systems, wind power, hydroelectricity, geothermal power, biomass, and ocean energy syste ...