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Litoria viranula

Litoria viranula is a frog from Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. It is related to Litoria bicolor. The male adult frog is about 2.4 cm long and the females is about 2.6 cm long. Its head is longer than it is wide and its pupils open up and down. T ...

                                               

Little egret

Adults are 55–65 cm long with an 88–106 cm wingspan, and weigh 350–550 grams. The plumage is often all white, but can also be blue-grey. In the breeding season, the adult has two long plumes on the nape that form a crest. There are similar feathe ...

                                               

Little ground squirrel

The little ground squirrel is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is found in Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. The Caucasian mountain ground squirrel, Spermophilus musicus, was previously a subspecies, but is now ...

                                               

Littlejohns tree frog

Littlejohns tree frog or heath frog is a frog from Australia. It lives in New South Wales and Victoria. It lives in Western Australia and the Northern Territory. The male frog grows to 5.0 cm and the female to 7.0 cm. This frog is light brown wit ...

                                               

Littoral zone

The littoral zone refers to that part of a sea, lake or river which is close to the shore. In coastal environments the littoral zone extends from the high water mark, which is rarely under water, to shoreline areas that are permanently submerged. ...

                                               

Liverwort

The liverworts are a group of simple plants. Scientists believe that liverworts were the first bryophyte to evolve. They believe that mosses, hornworts, and more complex plants then evolved from liverworts. Scientists decided this from mitochondr ...

                                               

Local extinction

Local extinction, or extirpation, is when a species or other taxon becomes extinct in a certain area. This is different from being extinct across the world because these species still exist outside of that area. Sometimes when this happens, it ca ...

                                               

Long pepper

Long pepper, also known as the Indonesian long pepper, is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, known for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice.

                                               

Loris

The Lorises are solitary mammals that live in tropical rainforests in southeast Asia. The loris is arboreal, living in trees. It is nocturnal, most active at night. In captivity, the loris lives for up to 13 years. The loris is a group of primate ...

                                               

Lorisoidea

Lorisoidea is a superfamily of Primates. It combines the familiies of the Lorisidae and the Galagidae. They are part of the Lemuriformes. Lorisoidea is afro-asian phylogeny is disputable since their paraphylegenit has been traced with the group o ...

                                               

Lovebird

Lovebirda, genus Agapornis, are a type of parrot. There are nine species. They are a social and affectionate small parrot. Seven species are native to Africa, and the Grey-headed Lovebird is native to Madagascar. Their common name comes from the ...

                                               

Lowland burrowing tree frog

The burrowing tree frog, lowland burrowing tree frog, northern casque-headed frog, or northern casquehead frog is a frog that lives in northern Mexico and southern Arizona. The adult frog is 5.4 to 6.3 cm long. The male frogs and female frogs are ...

                                               

Lucy (Australopithecus)

Lucy is the common name of AL 288-1. This is a fossil discovery of about 40% of the skeleton of a female Australopithecus afarensis. There are several hundred pieces of bone. The discovery was made in 1974 at Hadar in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia ...

                                               

Lumbricus terrestris

Lumbricus terrestris, also known as the common worm, lob worm, or dew worm, is a large reddish worm native to Europe, but now also widely distributed elsewhere around the world, due to human introductions. In some areas where it has been introduc ...

                                               

Lungfish

Lungfish are members of the subclass Dipnoi. They are a sister group to the coelacanths and to the early lobe-finned fish which gave rise to the tetrapods. All these fish have paired appendages, fins or limbs, attached to a pelvis or shoulder by ...

                                               

Lungless salamanders

The lungless salamanders is a family of salamanders. They do not have lungs. They live in British Columbia, Brazil, Sardinia, Alps and South Korea. They are the largest groups of salamanders. There are over 350 lungless salamanders. Most of them ...

                                               

Lupo (dog)

Lupo was an English Cocker Spaniel owned by Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. He appeared in photographs alongside his owners son, Prince George of Cambridge. Lupo was bred from Ella, a dog owned by Michael a ...

                                               

Lyme disease

Lyme disease or borreliosis, is an infectious disease. It is caused by bacteria of the genus Borrelia. The disease is carried by ticks which are parasitic on mammals such as mice and deer. In other words, ticks are the vector which transmits the ...

                                               

Lynx

Lynx have short tails, and usually some hair on the ears. They have large paws feet padded for walking on snow, and long whiskers on the face. The color of the body is from light brown to grey and is sometimes marked with dark brown spots, especi ...

                                               

Lysosome

A lysosome is a cell organelle. They are like spheres. They have hydrolytic enzymes which can break down almost all kinds of biomolecules, including proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, lipids, and cellular debris. They contain more than 50 di ...

                                               

Scarlet macaw

The scarlet macaw is a type of parrot. It is native to humid evergreen forests of tropical South America. Its range is from south-eastern Mexico to Amazonian Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela and Brazil in lowlands up to 500 m 1.640 ft at least formerly u ...

                                               

Machaeroides

Machaeroides was a genus of sabre-toothed creodonts which lived during the Eocene. Its fossils were found in the U.S. state of Wyoming. It is the earliest known sabre-toothed mammal. It looked like a small, dog-sized saber-toothed cat. Machaeroid ...

                                               

Mackerel

Mackerel is a common name given to a number of species of fish. Most mackerel are from the Scombridae family. They are pelagic fish, found in both temperate and tropical seas. Most live along the coast or offshore in the oceanic environment. Mack ...

                                               

Macropus

Macropus is a marsupial genus that belongs to the family Macropodidae. It has 14 species. The genus includes all land kangaroos, wallaroos and several species of wallaby.

                                               

Macrovipera

Macrovipera is a genus of venomous vipers, found in semi-deserts of North Africa, Middle East, and Milos Archipelago in the Aegean Sea. Macrovipera are commonly known as the Large Palearctic Vipers ". The Large Palearctic Viper is responsible for ...

                                               

Madang big-eyed tree frog

The Madang big-eyed tree frog is a tree frog from Papua New Guinea. It also used to be called Richards big-eyed tree frog. Scientists have seen it in mountain ranges in central and eastern New Guinea, though they think it could live in other plac ...

                                               

Magellanic penguin

The magellanic penguin is the most numerous of the Spheniscus family. There are about 3.600.000 magellanic penguins in the world. They breed once a year and lay two eggs of a similar size. They are 70 centimetres tall and weigh 9 pounds or 4 kilo ...

                                               

Magnoliids

Magnoliids are a group of flowering plants. They are descendants of the earliest flowering plants: they keep some features which look like those of conifers. The group include magnolias, nutmeg, bay laurel, cinnamon, avocado, black pepper, tulip ...

                                               

Magpie goose

The magpie goose is the only living species in the family Anseranatidae. It is found in northern Australia and southern New Guinea.

                                               

Magpie-robin

The magpie-robins or shamas are medium-sized birds. They mostly eat insects. Some also eat berries and other fruit. They are in the genera Copsychus and Trichixos. They were used to be in the thrush family Turdidae. They are now treated as part o ...

                                               

Maiasaura

Maiasaura was a large, plant-eating, duck-billed dinosaur. Maiasaura was the first dinosaur that was found alongside its young, eggs, and nests. This suggests that Maiasaura nurtured its young.

                                               

Mains frog

Mains water-holding frog, Mains frog, the sheep frog or western collared frog is a frog from Australia. It lives in the Northern Territory, South Australia and Western Australia. This frog can live on flood plains, claypans, grassland and wetland ...

                                               

Makalani

Makalani is the name given to a certain palm tree, growing in northern Namibia. The local Owambo people call a full grown palm tree "Omulunga" and a sapling "Oshivale." These palm trees grow very high and it takes many years for a Makalani saplin ...

                                               

Malagasy striped civet

The Malagasy striped civet or spotted fanaloka is a small mammal, about 47 centimetres long, with a tail 20 centimetres long. It can weigh 1.5 to 2.0 kilograms. It lives in tropical forests of Madagascar. The Malagasy civet looks for food at nigh ...

                                               

Malayan tiger

The Malayan tiger is a subspecies of the tiger that was discovered in 2004. People used to think they were Indo-Chinese tigers, But now they have their own subspecies. They have the same length and weight as the Indo-Chinese tiger. They live in s ...

                                               

Mallard

The mallard is the best-known and most recognizable of all ducks. It can be found throughout most of North America, Europe, Asia, New Zealand and Australia. It is the most common and widespread duck. It can be found in almost any area with a wetl ...

                                               

Mamenchisaurus

Mamenchisaurus was a long-necked, long-tailed, four-legged, plant-eating dinosaur. Mamenchisaurus had the longest neck of any known dinosaur, except the newly found Sauroposeidon.Its neck was about 46 feet 14 m. It had 19 vertebrae in its neck, m ...

                                               

Mandarin duck

The mandarin duck is a duck that breeds in eastern Siberia, China and Japan and winters in southern China and Japan. There is a small free-flying population in Britain which grew from the release of captive bred ducks.

                                               

Mandrake

For the Linux variant, see Mandriva Linux Mandrake is the common name of a number of plants in the Nightshade family, genus Mandragora. The roots often look like man or woman, or can be easily made to resemble them. The plant has been used in wit ...

                                               

Manipuri Horse

Manipuri Horse or Meitei Horse is a traditional Indian breed of horse, mainly found in the plains of Manipur. It appears in the both history and the mythology of Manipur. In the past, it was used for warfare as well as for polo games.

                                               

Manucodia

The Manucodia is a genus of the bird of paradise that has five medium-sized members. Members of this genus are monogamous and sexually monomorphic. They can be found in the lowland forests of northeastern Australia, New Guinea and nearby islands.

                                               

Many-plumed moth

The many-plumed moths are the Alucitidae, a family of moths with unusually modified wings. Both fore- and hind-wings consist of about six rigid spines, from which radiate flexible bristles. They make a structure similar to a birds feather. This i ...

                                               

Maple

Maple is a genus of trees or shrubs. Sometimes they are put into a family of their own, the Aceraceae. At other times they are included in the Sapindaceae. To include them in the Sapindaceae is the more modern classification. There are between 10 ...

                                               

Maple syrup urine disease

Maple syrup urine disease is a genetic medical disorder. It causes a problem with how the human body deals with amino acids. It is also called branched chain ketoaciduria. Maple syrup urine disease affects about 1 in 185.000 infants worldwide. Th ...

                                               

Marbled tree frog

The marbled tree frog or marbled toad is a frog that lives in the Amazon Basin. Scientists have seen it in Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Venezuela, and Brazil. Scientists have seen them as high as 1000 m above sea level. The adult ma ...

                                               

Marco Polo sheep

Marco Polo sheep is a wild sheep, and a subspecies of the Argali. It takes its name from famed explorer Marco Polo who described the species during his crossing of Pamir ancient Mount Imeon in 1271. The Marco Polo sheep is particularly known for ...

                                               

Marginocephalia

Marginocephalians are a group of Ornithischian dinosaurs that have a distinctive skull structure, a unique palate and a short pubis.

                                               

Markhor

The markhor is a large goat. It is found in woodland in Central Asia, Karakoram and the Western Himalayas. Markhor are 65 to 115 centimetres tall at the shoulder. They usually weigh from 40 to 110 kilograms. Females are a tan colour with a white ...

                                               

Marlin

Marlins, family Istiophoridae, are fish with an elongated body, a spear-like snout or bill, and a long rigid dorsal fin, which extends forward to form a crest. Its common name is thought to derive from its resemblance to a sailors marlinspike. Ev ...

                                               

Marshosaurus

Marshosaurus is a genus of medium-sized carnivorous theropod dinosaur. It was from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of Utah and perhaps Colorado. This carnivore operated in the same territory as the larger and more famous Allosaurus. It was ...