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Curiosity rover

The Curiosity rover is a robotic car-sized Mars rover. It is exploring Gale Crater, which is near the equator of Mars. The rover uses a nuclear power and is part of NASAs Mars Science Laboratory. The MSL mission has four main scientific goals: st ...

                                               

Mars Science Laboratory

The Mars Science Laboratory is a NASA mission to land and control a rover named Curiosity on the surface of the planet Mars. The MSL was launched on November 26, 2011. The MSL successfully did the first-ever precision landing on Mars. It landed o ...

                                               

Terraforming of Mars

The terraforming of Mars is an idea that humans can change the climate and surface of Mars. They would do this to make Mars a place where humans and other life forms from Earth could live. The project will rely on the idea that the environment of ...

                                               

Viking program

The Viking program was a NASA mission that sent two spacecraft to the planet Mars. These spacecraft were called Viking 1 and Viking 2. Each spacecraft was made of an orbiter and a lander. The orbiters took pictures of Mars from their orbit and se ...

                                               

Water on Mars

There is less water on Mars compared to Earth. Most of the water known is in the cryosphere. There is no liquid water. There is only a small amount of water vapor in the thin atmosphere. The conditions on the planets surface do not support the lo ...

                                               

Hypergiant

A hypergiant is a star with an enormous mass and luminosity, It shows signs of a very high rate of mass loss. The exact definition is not yet settled. Hypergiants are the largest stars in the universe, usually larger than supergiants. The hypergi ...

                                               

Eta Carinae

Eta Carinae is a superbright hypergiant star in the constellation Carina, about 7.500 to 8.000 light-years from the Sun. The system contains at least two stars, of which the primary is a luminous blue variable LBV that initially had around 150 so ...

                                               

NML Cygni

NML Cygni or V1489 Cygni is a red hypergiant star. It is one of the largest stars known at present. It is about 1.640 times the Suns radius, However an older study from 2010 says it is 1.183 solar radii. It is one of the extremely luminous superg ...

                                               

Pistol Star

The Pistol Star is a blue hypergiant. It is one of the most luminous stars in the Milky Way galaxy. It is one of many massive young stars in the Quintuplet cluster in the central region of our galaxy. It is about 25.000 light years from Earth in ...

                                               

UY Scuti

UY Scuti is a red supergiant star. It is a pulsating variable star in the constellation Scutum and one of the largest known stars in the Milky Way Galaxy. It is also one of the most luminous and well-known of its kind. The star has an estimated a ...

                                               

Alpha Centauri

Alpha Centauri is the brightest star in the southern Centaurus constellation. It is the fourth brightest star in the night sky, with a magnitude of -0.01. It is visible in the Southern Hemisphere, and is too far south for most of the Northern Hem ...

                                               

Barnards star

Barnards Star, also known as Barnards Runaway Star, is a very low-mass red dwarf star approximately six light-years away from Earth in the constellation of Ophiuchus. It is very old, and moving relatively fast. In 1916, the American astronomer E. ...

                                               

Gliese 581

Gliese 581 is an M-class red dwarf star that is not far from the Earth. It is 22 light years away from the Solar system. This makes it the 89th closest known star to the Sun. It is also known as HO Librae, GL 581, or GJ 581. Astronomers have disc ...

                                               

Luyten 726-8

Luyten 726-8 is a binary star which is one of Earths nearest neighbours. It is about 8.7 light years from Earth in the constellation Cetus. One of the pair, UV Ceti, was the archetype for the class of flare stars. The star system was discovered i ...

                                               

Proxima Centauri

Proxima Centauri is a red dwarf star that is likely a part of the Alpha Centauri star system and is the closest star to the Sun at a distance of 4.22 light-years. It is in the constellation of Centaurus. Proxima Centauri was found to share the sa ...

                                               

Ross 154

Ross 154 is a star in the southern zodiac constellation of Sagittarius. It has an apparent magnitude of 10.44, so it is much too faint to be seen with the naked eye. The distance to this star can be estimated from parallax measurements, which pla ...

                                               

TRAPPIST-1

TRAPPIST-1 is an ultracool red dwarf star located almost 40 light years away from the Sun in the constellation of Aquarius. The red dwarf is known for having seven Earth-sized rocky planets around it. These planets were discovered between 2016 an ...

                                               

Wolf 359

Wolf 359 is a red dwarf in the constellation Leo first measured in 1919 by Max Wolf. About 7.8 light years from the Earth, it has an apparent magnitude of 13.5 and can only be seen with a large telescope. Wolf 359 is one of the nearest stars to t ...

                                               

Betelgeuse

Betelgeuse is a large red supergiant star in the Orion constellation. It is usually the ninth-brightest star in the night sky, and the second-brightest in Orion. Betelgeuse is a semiregular variable star whose apparent magnitude varies between 0. ...

                                               

Canopus (star)

Canopus, or Alpha Carinae in the Bayer designation system, is the brightest star in its constellation and the brightest star in the southern night sky. Canopus is quite unusual, because its distance from Earth was not known until the 1990s. Befor ...

                                               

Stephenson 2-18

Stephenson 2-18 is a red supergiant star. It is close to, and a possible member of, the open cluster Stephenson 2. It is about 6.000 parsecs away from Earth in the constellation of Scutum and is one of the largest known stars. It is also one of t ...

                                               

Open star cluster

An open star cluster, also known as galactic cluster, is a group of a few hundred or thousand stars. They have roughly the same age, and were formed from the same giant molecular cloud. More than 1.100 open clusters have been discovered within th ...

                                               

Alpha Persei Cluster

The Alpha Persei Cluster is an open cluster in the constellation of Perseus. To the naked eye, the cluster has several blue spectral type B type stars. The most luminous member is the ~2nd magnitude white-yellow supergiant Mirfak, also known as A ...

                                               

Gould Belt

The Gould Belt is a partial ring of stars in the Milky Way. It is about 3000 light years across, tilted toward the galactic plane by about 16 to 20 degrees. It contains many large and bright O- and B-type stars. The belt may be the local spiral a ...

                                               

Hyades (star cluster)

The Hyades is the nearest open star cluster to the Solar System and one of the best-studied of all star clusters. The Hipparcos satellite, the Hubble Space Telescope, and infrared color-magnitude diagram fitting agree a distance of ~153 ly 47 pc ...

                                               

NGC 6193

NGC 6193 is an open cluster of 27 stars in the constellation of Ara. It is about 3.765 light-years away, and it can be seen by eye from Earth. NGC 6193 lies at the centre of the Ara OB1 association. The cluster radiates energy to the nearby regio ...

                                               

RSGC1

RSGC1 is a massive young open star cluster in the Milky Way galaxy. It was discovered in 2006 in the data from infrared surveys. There are 12 red supergiants identified so far. These are massive young stars undergoing helium burning in their core ...

                                               

Westerlund 1

Westerlund 1 is a compact young super star cluster. It is in the Milky Way galaxy, about 3.5–5 kiloparsecs away from Earth. It is the most massive compact young star cluster known in the entire Local Group of galaxies. It was discovered by Bengt ...

                                               

Westerlund 2

Westerlund 2 is a massive young super star cluster. It is about one or two million years old, and partly obscured with gas. It contains some of the hottest, brightest, and most massive stars known. The cluster is 20.000 light years away in the Mi ...

                                               

Jewel

Jewels rare minerals. They usually have colours. They begin in a rough rock form but can be cut and polished to make jewellery. However, some other non-mineral rocks such as lapis lazuli or organic materials can also be also used for jewelry and ...

                                               

Alexandrite

Alexandrite is a gemstone. It is a type of chrysoberyl. Different kinds of light make the colors change. That is called the "alexandrite effect". A gemstone similar to alexandrite can be made in a laboratory. That kind of stone is called syntheti ...

                                               

Amethyst

An amethyst is a mineral gemstone that comes from quartz. It is usually transparent. It is valued because of its violet colour. Even though it is a form of quartz, it has more iron oxide than any other kind of quartz. Because of this, some expert ...

                                               

Emerald

An emerald is a mineral gemstone and a variety of beryl. It is the birthstone of someone whose birthday is in the month of May. It is a green crystal. The emerald is one of the most valuable gems, along with the ruby, the opal, topaz, the diamond ...

                                               

Jade

Jade is a kind of stone. We use the name "jade" for two different sorts of mineral. The first sort is nephrite. This is a form of actinolite. The second sort is the mineral jadeite, and it is a pyroxene. The first sort is harder than the second s ...

                                               

Lapis lazuli

Lapis lazuli is a mineral, and a gemstone. It is formed as a metamorphic rock of the limestone type. Lapis is famous for its beautiful blue colour: its name means "stone of blue". Lapis Lazuli has been used for many things. Its has been made into ...

                                               

Obsidian

Obsidian is a natural volcanic glass found as a kind of igneous rock. It is produced when lava high in silica cools rapidly, and solidifies without time for crystal growth. Because there is no crystal structure, obsidian blade edges can reach alm ...

                                               

Sapphire

Sapphire is a type of the mineral corundum, an aluminium oxide. Sapphires are the same as rubies, except that they are not red. Sapphire can be found in the ground or it can be made in large crystal. Blue sapphires are the most famous kind, but t ...

                                               

Topaz

Topaz is a silicate mineral. Along with silicate, it includes the chemical elements aluminium and fluorine with the chemical formula Al 2 SiO 4 2.

                                               

Zircon

Zircon is a silicate mineral. It is found in many different places in almost all kinds of rock. The chemical it is made up of is called zirconium silicate: ZrSiO 4. Clear zircon may look like diamond and has been used as a cheaper replacement for ...

                                               

Christian Dior

Christian Dior, was the leading French fashion designer of the post-war world. He was the founder of one of the worlds top fashion houses, the House of Dior.

                                               

Louis Vuitton

Louis Vuitton is a French fashion house formed in 1854 by Louis Vuitton. It sells shoes, watches, jewellery, accessories, sunglasses and books. It sells its products in boutiques. The products are still made by hand. In 1867, the company particip ...

                                               

Madeleine Vionnet

Madeleine Vionnet was a French fashion designer. She used the bias cut, made Grecian-style dresses and introduced haute couture design to high street shops.

                                               

Armani

Armani, is an Italian fashion house. It started in Milan in 1975 by Giorgio Armani and Sergio Galeotti, with.000. The company designs and makes several different types of things, including fashion accessories, clothing, cosmetics, fragrances, hom ...

                                               

E. Marinella

In 1914 Eugenio Marinella open a shop in Naples. In the 1980s the name Marinella began to land outside the Italian borders thanks to the President of the Republic Francesco Cossiga who took the habit of bringing a box containing five Marinella ti ...

                                               

Gucci

Gucci, is an Italian fashion house. It was started by Guccio Gucci 1881 – 1953 in Florence in 1909. Gucci is seen as one of the most famous, successful, and easily recognizable fashion brands in the world. Gucci is now owned by the French conglom ...

                                               

Prada

The company, originally named Prada Brothers, was started in 1913 by Mario Prada in Milan, Italy. Mario Prada did not believe that women should have a role in business and prevented any female family members from joining his company. However when ...

                                               

Lilly Pulitzer

Lillian Pulitzer Rousseau, better known as Lilly Pulitzer, was an American fashion designer and socialite. She is known for founding Lilly Pulitzer, Inc., which makes clothes with bright, colorful patterns. Because the brand has been very popular ...

                                               

Kate Spade

Kate Valentine, known professionally as Kate Spade, was an American fashion designer and businesswoman. She was the namesake and former co-owner of the designer brand Kate Spade New York. She was born in Kansas City, Missouri. Spade was the siste ...

                                               

Winnie Chlomin Lee

Winnie Chlomin Lee is a Chinese-American fashion and wedding dress designer. She is the co-founder and creative director of the Winnie Couture, wedding attire brand, based in Beverly Hills, California.

                                               

Coco Chanel

Gabrielle Bonheur "Coco" Chanel was a French fashion designer. Coco went with the nuns and she never got adopted, so she left the orphanage when she was 18 to work at a local tailor shop. The nuns taught Coco everything she knew about sewing and ...