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Medical Renaissance

The Medical Renaissance from 1400 to 1700 AD is a period of progress in European medical knowledge. There was a new interest in the ideas of the ancient Greeks and Romans. The medical discoveries during the Medical Renaissance paved the way for m ...

                                               

Medical Subject Headings

Medical Subject Headings is a way to keep track of for the purpose of journal articles and books in the life sciences; it can also serve as a thesaurus that makes searching easier. Created and updated by the United States National Library of Medi ...

                                               

Mobile Army Surgical Hospital

A Mobile Army Surgical Hospital was a medical center used during wars, to care and fix injured soldiers who got hurt in the fighting. They were an alternative to field hospitals and real hospitals which were used in World War II. During the Korea ...

                                               

Online pharmacy

An online pharmacy is a pharmacy that operates on the Internet to sell medications to consumers. There are online pharmacies in many countries of the world - from India, the U.S., Germany, the UK - and many other nations that sell to consumers in ...

                                               

Oxygen therapy

Oxygen therapy, also called supplemental oxygen, is when oxygen gas is used for medical treatment by giving the gas to the patient for inhalation. It can be used for ilnesses like hypoxia, carbon monoxide toxicity, and cluster headaches. It can b ...

                                               

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is also called "physical therapy". It attempts to treat what limits a persons abilities to move and do things in their daily life. It is the treatment of disease, injury, deformity or disability to improve the quality of life. Physi ...

                                               

Prenatal diagnosis

Prenatal testing or Prenatal diagnosis are tests done on pregnant women. They are used to test fetuses for birth defects and some genetic disorders. Prenatal tests can be non-invasive or invasive. Non-invasive tests include things like utrasounds ...

                                               

Prophylaxis

The concept of prophylaxis has two parts. First is forethought. A person has to realise the need first of all. Second is taking appropriate action. Any failure of prophylaxis is a failure at either stage 1 or stage 2. Successful prophylaxis means ...

                                               

Public health

Public health is the science dealing with prevention there is a disease that is a threat to the overall health of a community, as well as with prolonging life and promoting health. The aims are achieved through the organized efforts and informed ...

                                               

Randomized controlled trial

A randomized controlled trial is a special method of doing a scientific experiment which can reduce certain sources of bias. It is often used in the context of testing whether drugs are effective against a set of symptoms. When doing the test, th ...

                                               

Social distancing

Social distancing, also less confusingly called physical distancing is one way to help stop the spread of infection from viruses and bacteria between people. The goal is to lower the chance for an infection to spread from person to person. This c ...

                                               

Therapy

Therapy, in the medical field also called treatment, is what people do to try to solve or care for a health problem, physical or mental. When a person is ill or injured, a doctor may make a medical diagnosis and then recommend a therapy to try to ...

                                               

Traditional Chinese medicine

Traditional Chinese medicine is a branch of traditional medicine from China. It is at least 3.500 years old. Treatments include herbal medicine, acupuncture, cupping, massage, and exercise. Since the methods of TCM are different from Western medi ...

                                               

Dietitian

A dietitian or dietician is an expert in food and nutrition. Dietitians help promote good health through proper eating. They often write custom diets for people. In a medical setting they can give food supplements for those people who cannot get ...

                                               

Gluten

Gluten /gloot-en/ is a composite of the proteins gliadin and glutenin. These proteins are found in the endosperms of some grass-like grains such as wheat, rye and barley. Gliadin and glutenin make up about 80% of the protein contained in wheat se ...

                                               

Gluten-free diet

A gluten-free diet is a diet that excludes foods containing gluten. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, rye, and possibly oats. Most breads, cakes, pastas/noodles, beers and pizzas are made with gluten. Gluten is used as a food additive i ...

                                               

Heat of combustion

The heat of combustion, also called calorific value or energy value of a substance is the amount of energy that is released when burning a given amount of the substance. This energy is released in the form of heat, when the substance is burned in ...

                                               

Iodine deficiency

Iodine deficiency is when there is not enough iodine in the body. Iodine is an essential trace element. The thyroid hormones thyroxine and triiodotyronine have iodine. In areas where marine food is not eaten, there is low iodine in the diet. This ...

                                               

Ketogenic diet

A ketogenic diet is a diet in which most of the calories come from fat. Only a small number of the calories come from carbohydrates. The diet forces the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates for energy. Normally, the carbohydrates you eat a ...

                                               

Paleolithic diet

The modern diet known as the paleolithic diet is a way of eating. It is also called the caveman diet, Stone Age diet or hunter-gatherer diet. It is based on the wild plants and animals which humans ate in the Paleolithic era. This was a period ab ...

                                               

Trans fat

Trans fat is a type of unsaturated fat. Trans fat is often produced in higher amounts in factories when manufacturing certain processed foods such as margarine. Trans fat occurs in nature only very rarely, found in small amounts in meat and milk ...

                                               

Western pattern diet

The Western pattern diet, also called standard American diet, is a modern eating pattern. In the Western diet, processed meat, red meat, butter, fried foods, high-fat dairy products, eggs, high fructose corn syrup and certain sugary drinks. The m ...

                                               

British Medical Association

The British Medical Association is the professional association and registered trade union for doctors in the United Kingdom. The Association does not regulate or certify doctors. This is done by the General Medical Council. The associations head ...

                                               

MindFreedom International

MindFreedom International is an international coalition of over one hundred groups and thousands of individual members from fourteen nations. Based in the USA, it was founded in 1990 to protest against forced medication, medical restraints, and i ...

                                               

National Alliance on Mental Illness

The National Alliance on Mental Illness, formerly known as the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill, is an American non-profit national advocacy organization founded in 1979 for people affected by serious mental illnesses and their families. NA ...

                                               

National Institute for Minamata Disease

Japans National Institute for Minamata Disease, is a medical research facility in Minamata, Kumamoto Prefecture. NIMD studies Minamata disease. The research center is part of Japans Ministry of the Environment

                                               

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

The United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration is an agency of the United States Department of Labor. It was created by Congress under the Occupational Safety and Health Act and was signed by President Richard M. Nixon, on Decemb ...

                                               

Oxfam

Oxfam International is a group of 14 organisations working with over 3.000 partners in around 100 countries to find lasting solutions to poverty and injustice. It brings these problems to public attention, sets programs to make changes, and provi ...

                                               

Obesity

Obesity is the condition of being much too heavy for ones height so that ones health is affected. In other words, it means to be too overweight. Also known as being fat. It is considered a disease and has been described as an epidemic. To know if ...

                                               

Pollution

Pollution is when harmful substances are added to the environment and then change it in a bad way. There are five kinds of pollution of the environment: water pollution, air pollution, noise pollution, soil pollution and thermal pollution. As pol ...

                                               

DDT

DDT is a well-known pesticide. The abbreviation stands for D ichloro- D iphenyl- T richloroethane, one of its names. The Swiss chemist Paul Hermann Muller was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1948, for his discovery. In the 19 ...

                                               

Disposable product

A disposable is a product designed to be used only once, and then it would be recycled or is thrown away as solid waste. The word often implies cheapness and short-term convenience instead of something that will last for a long time. The term is ...

                                               

Great Pacific Garbage Patch

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a big patch of garbage and debris in the middle of the northern Pacific Ocean. It is caught in the water currents. It formed because currents near the center of the Northern Pacific Ocean move around in a kind o ...

                                               

Ghost net

Ghost nets are fishing nets that have been lost or that have been left by fishermen. These nets then float around in the sea, or they end up attached to a rock or other structure. This poses a problem, because the nets continue working. Fish and ...

                                               

Light pollution

Light pollution is a type of pollution. It is defined as" any adverse effect as a result of man-made lights.” Usually, this means too much light. Several species, including plants and humans, are badly affected by light pollution. Most people hav ...

                                               

Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants

The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants is an international treaty signed in 2001. The treaty became effective in May 2004. Its aim is to limit the use and production of Persistent Organic Pollutants. Examples of substances affe ...

                                               

Allergen

An allergen is something that causes allergies in humans. Dust, pollen and pet dander are all common allergens. It is possible to be allergic to anything from chlorine to perfume. Food allergies are not as common, but some foods, like peanuts, nu ...

                                               

Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction. It begins suddenly and may cause death. Anaphylaxis has many symptoms, such as an itchy rash, throat swelling, breathing problems, and low blood pressure. Common causes include insect bites, foods, and ...

                                               

Angioedema

Angioedema is swelling that is similar to hives, but the swelling is under the skin instead of on the surface. Hives are often called welts. They are a surface swelling. It is possible to have angioedema without hives.

                                               

Asphyxia

Asphyxia or asphyxiation is a condition when a living body does not get enough oxygen. If this condition lasts long enough it can lead to unconsciousness, brain damage and death. Asphyxia can injure or kill people. This sometimes happens during s ...

                                               

Brain damage

Brain damage is damage to the brain from either illnesses or injuries. Brain cells are damaged, which often affects ones brain in a way that stops the brain from thinking or reacting the same way as it did before the brain was damaged. Physical d ...

                                               

Bronchospasm

Bronchospasm or a bronchial spasm is a sudden tightening of the muscles in the walls of the bronchioles. It is caused by the release of substances from mast cells or basophils because of anaphylatoxins. It causes difficulty in breathing which can ...

                                               

Cinchonism

Cinchonism or quinism is poisoning from an overdose of cinchona alkaloids. Cinchona bark is the source of quinine and quindine. Quinine is used to treat malaria. In small amounts it is used in tonic water to give a bitter flavor. Cinchoism can be ...

                                               

Cyanosis

Cyanosis is a medical problem. When a person has cyanosis, their skin and mucous membranes turn blue or purple. Cyanosis is a sign that the cyanotic parts of the body are not getting enough blood and oxygen. This can happen because there is not e ...

                                               

Decompression sickness

Decompression sickness is caused by bubbles which form in the blood and other body parts of people who have the pressure around them decrease too quickly. These bubbles may block the flow of blood and starve the body parts of oxygen, or the bubbl ...

                                               

Dehydration

Dehydration means less water in something. The word comes from the ancient Greek word for water, hydor. People get dehydrated when they lose more water than they take in. The human body needs water to survive. If a person gets badly dehydrated, t ...

                                               

Dental caries

The term dental caries refers to tooth decay or cavities in teeth. The decay is made by bacteria destroying parts of the tooth. Dental caries usually lead to substandard breath and bad taste. Personal hygiene caring consists of brushing and floss ...

                                               

Drug addiction

Drug addiction, also called substance dependence or dependence syndrome, is a condition where a person feels a strong need to take a drug. Addiction also involves other behaviours. These include finding it difficult to control the need to use the ...

                                               

Drug withdrawal

Drug withdrawal is the group of symptoms that occur upon the fast discontinuation or decrease in intake of medications or recreational drugs. In order to experience the symptoms of withdrawal, one must have first developed a form of drug addictio ...

                                               

Dry mouth

Xerostomia, or dry mouth, also dry mouth syndrome, is dryness in the mouth. It may be associated with a change in the composition of saliva, reduced salivary flow, or dehydration. Causes of hyposalivation include dental caries, oral candidiasis, ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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