ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 502



                                               

Aisin Gioro Yuhuan

Aixinjueluo Yuhuan was a recent Chinese traditional artist in both traditional Chinese paintings and traditional Chinese music. He is also one of the few descendants of the royal family of the Qing Dynasty. He is the great-great grandson of the D ...

                                               

Recital

A recital is a concert of classical music given by just one musician or one musician and an accompanist. A pianist playing a concert by himself will be giving a "piano recital". A "violin recital" will be given by a violinist and piano accompanis ...

                                               

Allemande

An allemande is a dance that was popular in Baroque music of the 17th and early 18th centuries. The word comes from the French word for "German". Composers of the Baroque period often wrote a group of dances called a suite. There was usually an a ...

                                               

Anthem

An anthem is a piece of music written for a choir to sing at an Anglican church service. The difference between an anthem and a motet is that an anthem is sung in English. Also most anthems are accompanied by an organ. The word" anthem” has come ...

                                               

Aria

An aria is a long song accompanying a solo voice. An aria is usually in an opera. It is an Italian word of the 18th century meaning" air”. A small amount of text is used in an aria. Characteristics include the use of melismas, repetition and sequ ...

                                               

Ballade

For the ballade as a musical instrumental form see ballade musical form. A ballade is a medieval French verse or song which tells a story. Like the rondeau and the virelai it was very popular in 14th and 15th century France. All these three songs ...

                                               

Ballade (musical form)

This article is about the instrumental ballade that was popular in the 19th century. For the medieval French ballade see Ballade. A ballade is a piece of music, usually for piano. It has several tunes, and one can easily imagine that it is tellin ...

                                               

Canon (music)

For other meanings of the word "canon" see canon. A canon is a piece of voices that sing or play the same music starting at different times. A round is a type of canon, but in a round each voice, when it finishes, can start at the beginning again ...

                                               

Cantata

A cantata is a type of singing which is done accompanied by an instrument. By contrast, a cappella specifically refers to unaccompanied singing. The word etymologically comes from the Italian word" cantare” which meant" to sing”. The word" cantat ...

                                               

Chorale

A chorale is a hymn which is sung in a Lutheran church by all the people. Chorales developed during the late Renaissance and early Baroque period. Most of them were written at that time. Martin Luther thought that the congregation people worshipp ...

                                               

Concerto

A concerto is a piece of music made for a solo instrument and an orchestra. When an orchestra plays at a concert they might play a symphony and they might play a concerto. If the solo instrument is a violin the piece is called a" violin concerto” ...

                                               

Concerto grosso

A Concerto Grosso is a piece of music from the 18th century in which there are a small group of instruments and a large group of instruments. These two groups are contrasted with one another. Sometimes both play together, sometimes one plays by i ...

                                               

Courante

A courante is a dance that was popular in Baroque music in the 17th and early 18th centuries. The word comes from the French word for to "run". The courante was a fast, running dance with 3 beats in a bar the time signature was often 3/2, althoug ...

                                               

Dirge

A dirge is a sad song or poem of unhappiness. They are usually sung at funerals. For example, a dirge was sung for the soldiers that had died in the Battle of Gettysburg before Abraham Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address. The word dirge came ...

                                               

Divertimento

A divertimento is a piece of music which is lighthearted and easy to listen to. It is often performed on social occasions, e.g. as music to be played while people eat, or as after-dinner music. The divertimento became popular in the 18th century. ...

                                               

Etude

An etude is a short piece of music written to help the player to become a better player. They are usually quite difficult. Sometimes they are just called "studies". Composers such as the pianist Carl Czerny and the violinist Otakar Sevcik wrote l ...

                                               

Fanfare

A fanfare is a short, showy, piece of music usually played for a special event. It is often played to announce the arrival of an important person, such as a king, queen or presidential leader. Fanfares are usually played by trumpets or French hor ...

                                               

Fantasia (music)

The fantasia is a musical composition with its style in the art of improvisation. Because of this, it rarely follows any rules of strict musical form.

                                               

Fugue

A fugue is a piece of music written for a certain number of parts. It is a type of counterpoint with a precisely defined structure. It is based on a tune called the "subject" of the fugue. The word" fugue" comes from the Italian" fuga" meaning" f ...

                                               

Gavotte

The gavotte was a folk dance, performed by the peasants in the Brittany region of France. Later it was popular in French and English courts in the 17th and 18th centuries. It was especially popular in the French courts of King Louis XIV. The musi ...

                                               

Gigue

The gigue or giga is a lively baroque dance. "Gigue" is the French word, and "giga" is the Italian word. The English word is "jig" and in England this refers to a folk dance. The gigue was one of the movements in a series of dance movements calle ...

                                               

Glosa

Glosa is a term that was often used by Spanish musicians in the 16th century to mean: a piece of music which was similar to a set of variations. Composers at that time often wrote collections of glosas. The term is related to the word" gloss”. Th ...

                                               

Incidental music

Incidental music is music which has been written for a play. It is not like opera where there is usually music all the way through. Incidental music will be used between scenes for particularly important moments in the play for songs sung by the ...

                                               

Leitmotif

A leitmotif, is a German word meaning leading motif. It is a little musical theme that is often repeated in a piece of music, very often in opera. The leitmotif is linked in the musical story with a person or a thing or an idea. The leitmotif mig ...

                                               

Madrigal

A madrigal is a special kind of song for a small group of people to sing. Madrigals were popular in the 16th and 17th centuries. This was the end of the Renaissance music and beginning of the Baroque periods. They started in Italy and became very ...

                                               

Mazurka

The Mazurka is a Polish country dance. It comes from an area called Mazovia near Warsaw where the people are called Mazurs. It was known in the 16th century. In the 17th century its popularity spread all over Poland and by the 19th century it was ...

                                               

Minuet

A minuet is a dance which was popular in the 18th and 19th centuries in France. It was danced by the aristocracy, especially at the court of King Louis XIV. Sometimes the French spelling menuet is used, or the Italian minuetto. It was a moderate ...

                                               

Motet

The word Motet is a piece of music for a church service sung by a choir without using any instruments. The words are usually in Latin. If the words are written in English for the Anglican church, it is called an anthem. Motets have been written s ...

                                               

Movement (music)

Long pieces of classical music are often divided into movements. They are like different sections of the piece. Movements can be quite short, or extremely long. If you listen to a symphony it may often be divided into four movements. In the time ...

                                               

Musical form

The term musical form can have two meanings: It can mean: the kind of composition. For example, a musical work can be a symphony, a concerto, a sonata etc. This is more often called" musical genre”. The word showing the musical genre will show th ...

                                               

Operetta

Operetta is a term which started to be used in the 19th century to describe an opera that was not too serious and often full of fun. It is often described as" light opera”. In an opera everything is usually sung. In an operetta there is a lot of ...

                                               

Overture

An overture is a piece of music for the orchestra to play at the beginning of an opera or ballet. The word comes from the French word for "opening" because it "opens" the show. Overtures usually have tunes which are going to be heard during the o ...

                                               

Polka

POLKA is a type of music that has influences of dance music that is popularized by Central Europeans. Polka is a popular folk music in Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Czech Republic, Netherlands, Croatia, Slovenia, Germany, Hungary, Austria, Italy, Uk ...

                                               

Polonaise

The polonaise is a Polish dance. It started as a folk dance and then became popular among the Polish nobility. It is in 3/4 time. It follows a distinctive rhythm as illustrated above. Many polonaises are composed in what is called ternary form, o ...

                                               

Prelude

A prelude is a short piece of music for a musical instrument. It is called a prelude because it is supposed to be played before something else.

                                               

Recitative

Recitative is music which is telling a story quite quickly, as if it were being spoken, "talky". The word means:" to recite” i.e. to tell a story. Recitative is used in opera, oratorio and cantatas. When opera was invented around 1600 the compose ...

                                               

Requiem

A Requiem is a Eucharist service in the Roman Catholic Church to pray for the repose of the soul of someone who has died. There are special words for a Requiem Mass. They are in Latin. The best-known part of the Requiem Mass starts with the words ...

                                               

Ritornello

Ritornello is an Italian word meaning "little return". At first in music ritornello was used as an instruction to repeat a part. By the 1600s the word was used to describe a part of the music played by instruments in a vocal piece. These instrume ...

                                               

Rondo

In music a rondo is a piece of music which has one main theme, which is heard several times, and other musical ideas in between each time. If we give the main theme a label "A" and the other musical ideas "B", "C", "D" etc. then the form of a ron ...

                                               

Round (music)

A round in music is a song which can be sung by two or more groups of people. One group starts off and the next group start to sing the same song a bit later. It should sound nice together. When a group gets to the end of the song they start agai ...

                                               

Salsa

Salsa is a type of music and dance of hispanic origin. Salsa music is based on Cuban music. This is a fusion of musical ideas which originally came from Africa and Spain. During 1965-1975 in New York, musicians of Cuban and Puerto Rican origin co ...

                                               

Sarabande

A sarabande, is a dance that was popular in Baroque music in the 17th and early 18th centuries. Composers of the Baroque period often composed a group of several dances. This was called a suite. There was usually an Allemande, a Courante, a Sarab ...

                                               

Serenade

In music, a serenade is a song or piece of music which is sung or played in someone’s honour. The word comes from the Latin "serenare" meaning: "to make calm". In the Middle Ages and Renaissance a serenade was usually a song which was sung by a l ...

                                               

Service (music)

In Anglican church music, a Service is a piece of music for the choir to sing during a service of worship. It uses the words which are a traditional part of the service. The choir is usually accompanied by the organ, but sometimes it can be just ...

                                               

Sonata

A sonata is a piece of music for one instrument or one instrument with another instrument accompanying. The word comes from the Italian" sonare” which means" to sound”. A composer could call any solo instrumental piece" sonata” if he or she wants ...

                                               

Sonata form

Sonata form is a way of organizing a piece of music. It has been used in several pieces since the Classical period. Listening to pieces of music in sonata form will help to understand it fully and it is helpful to know something about the differe ...

                                               

String quartet

A string quartet is a piece of music for four string instruments. A string quartet can also mean the four people who play a piece for four string instruments. The four instruments in a string quartet are almost always 2 violins, 1 viola and 1 cel ...

                                               

Symphonic poem

A symphonic poem or tone poem is a piece of orchestral music which has a story attached to it or describes something such as poem or a painting or any idea which is not music. A symphonic poem is a kind of programme music. Symphonic poems were mo ...

                                               

Symphony

A symphony is a piece of music written for an orchestra to play. It may be quite a long piece. Usually it is divided into parts, usually 3 or 4 parts, which are called movements. The first movement of a symphony can be a fast movement, often in s ...

                                               

Ternary form

Ternary form is a musical form. It is also called song form or minuet and trio. These forms all have three distinct sections. The three sections are written in shorthand as ABA. The music in the A sections is the same, or very nearly the same. Th ...

Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →