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Belle Epoque

La Belle Epoque was a period of Western history. It lasted from the end of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871 to the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It was a period of optimism, peace, economic prosperity. The colonial empires were well established ...

                                               

Croatian checkerboard

The Croatian checkerboard or chequy is the national symbol of Croatia. It is the main shield of the Croatian coat of arms. On top of the main shield is the crown with five smaller shields. The squares in the sahovnica are always arranged the righ ...

                                               

Early modern Europe

The early modern period is a term used by historians for the period in Western Europe and its first colonies which spans the three centuries between the Middle Ages and the Industrial Revolution. The early modern period is characterized by the ri ...

                                               

European colonization of the Americas

European colonization of the Americas started with an attempt by the Vikings who came from Scandinavia, the north end of Europe around the year 1000. They explored and settled awhile in the colony they called Vinland in what was later called Newf ...

                                               

Gaul

Gaul was the name given in ancient times to the area of Western Europe that included northern Italy, France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. Many Celtic tribes lived i ...

                                               

Investiture Controversy

The Investiture Controversy, also known as the lay investiture controversy, was the most important conflict between secular and religious powers in medieval Europe. It began as a dispute in the 11th century between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV ...

                                               

Lombards

The Lombards were a Germanic people who ruled most of the Italian Peninsula from 568 to 774. They themselves thought that they had originally come from southern Scandinavia. In ancient times they had worshiped nature, but later the worshiped Odin ...

                                               

Longship

Longships were seagoing vessels made and used for trade, exploring, and raiding. They are usually thought of as Viking ships but were used by early people on the Baltic Sea and the North Sea. It was the Vikings who mastered the design of light fa ...

                                               

Merovingian dynasty

The Merovingians were a dynasty of Frankish kings who ruled in the region of ancient Gaul, from the fifth to the 8th century when the Carolingian dynasty took control. They were sometimes referred to as the "long-haired kings" Latin reges criniti ...

                                               

Plague of Justinian

The Plague of Justinian was a pandemic in the Byzantine Empire in the years 541–542. It was the first recorded plague pandemic. It is estimated that the Plague of Justinian killed as many as 100 million people across the world, because it returne ...

                                               

Pliny the Elder

Gaius Plinius Secundus, better known as Pliny the Elder, was a Roman author, naturalist, and natural philosopher, as well as naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and personal friend of the emperor Vespasian. Spending most of his sp ...

                                               

Stadtholder

A stadtholder is a political leader or governor who controls a region or area of land for someone else. The title was used in the northern part of Western Europe during the 18th century. It was most commonly used in the areas that now are the cou ...

                                               

Viking Age

The Viking Age was a period of time in Northern European and Scandinavian history from the eighth to eleventh centuries. Scandinavian Vikings, also called Norsemen, explored the oceans and rivers of Europe through trade and warfare. The Vikings a ...

                                               

Vikings

The Vikings were a Scandinavian people from Northern Europe who were known as great seamen and warriors. From the 8th to the 11th centuries they traveled to Europe in their long ships, attacking and then settling in areas that are now modern Grea ...

                                               

Viscount

A Viscount is a member of the European nobility. A viscount usually ranks above a baron and below a count. The female equivalent is a Viscountess.

                                               

History of North America

The History of North America deals with an area where humans came to live relatively recently, compared to Africa, Europe, and Asia. Scientists have different theories as to the origins of the early human population of the continent. The indigeno ...

                                               

History of the Americas

The history of the Americas is the history of North and South America, including Central America and the Caribbean. It begins with people migrating to these areas from Asia and possibly Oceania during the height of an Ice age. These groups are ge ...

                                               

Iapetus Ocean

The Iapetus Ocean existed in the Neoproterozoic and Palaeozoic eras. The ocean was in the southern hemisphere, between three paleocontinents. The ocean disappeared when these three continents joined to form one big landmass. That large continent ...

                                               

Olmec

The Olmec were a people who lived about 3000 years ago in what is today south-central Mexico. The Olmec were the first civilization in the ancient area known as Mesoamerica. Because they were the first civilization, many later Mesoamerican civili ...

                                               

Plains Indians

The Plains Indians were those tribes of Native Americans who lived on the Great Plains of North America. At the height of their cultures, their main source of food was the large herds of buffalo. Hunting was not only the main activity of Plains I ...

                                               

Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire

Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernan Cortes, overthrew the Aztec Empire. This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. Cortes helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events ...

                                               

Tenochtitlan

Tenochtitlan was the capital city of the Aztec Empire. The Aztecs built Tenochtitlan around 1325, right on a lake called Lake Texcoco. As the Empire grew, so did Tenochtitlan. By the early 1500s, at least 200.000 people lived in the city. This ma ...

                                               

Vinland

Vinland is an area of the coast of North America, which Leif Erikson discovered around AD 1000. The name appears in the Vinland Sagas. It probably describes Newfoundland and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, as far north as New Brunswick.

                                               

Criollo (people)

The Criollos were a social class in the caste system of the overseas colonies established by Spain in the 16th century, especially in Latin America. The name was used for people of pure or mostly Spanish blood, but who were born in the colony. Th ...

                                               

Guayana Esequiba

Guayana Esequiba is the name Venezuela gives to a region that it claims in the west of Guyana. Its area is 159.500 square kilometers. For Guyana, this area is divided into the six administrative regions of Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Pomeroon- ...

                                               

History of Curitiba

In the past, the region where today is the city of Curitiba was a region of exuberant forest, where the parana-pine was dominant. The first inhabitants of the region were the indigenous tribe Tingui, by the Tupi-Guarani nation. At the beginning o ...

                                               

Manuela Saenz

Manuela Saenz was born in Quito, Ecuador. She was born in 1797. She was born during the Spanish colonial rule. Manuela Saenzs nickname was Manuelita. She had an affair with a military officer. She left her husband in 1822. She is known as a war h ...

                                               

Viceroyalty of Peru

The Viceroyalty of Peru was a Spanish colonial administrative district that was created in 1542 and originally contained most of Spanish-ruled South America. It was governed from the capital of Lima.

                                               

Durand Line

The Durand Line is the international 2.430-kilometre land border between Afghanistan and Pakistan in South-Central Asia. It was established after an 1897 memorandum of understanding between Mortimer Durand of British India and Afghan Amir Abdur R ...

                                               

Mughal Empire

The Mughal Empire, was an empire in Asia which existed from 1526 to 1858. The Mughal rule over India is called an Empire because it stretched over a large area. When it was biggest it ruled most of the Indian subcontinent, then known as Hindustan ...

                                               

Soviet–Afghan War

The Soviet war in Afghanistan was a war initially fought between the forces of the Afghanistan government and Afghan assistance fighters, supporter from abroad. Without proper equipment and training, the Afghanistan government was unable to resis ...

                                               

Africa Province

The Roman province of Africa was established after the Romans defeated Carthage in the Third Punic War. It roughly includeded the territory of present-day northern Tunisia, north-eastern Algeria and the Mediterranean coast of modern-day western L ...

                                               

Armed Islamic Group

The Armed Islamic Group was an Islamist terrorist organization based in Algeria. It wanted to overthrow the Algerian government and replace it with an Islamic state. The GIA adopted violent tactics in 1992 after the military government did not re ...

                                               

COVID-19 pandemic in Algeria

On 25 February, Algeria laboratory-confirmed its first case of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 SARS-CoV-2, an Italian man who arrived on 17 February. Algeria deported him back to Italy, via a special flight from Hassi Messaoud Air ...

                                               

Plan Challe

Plan Challe or Challe Plan was a French military move during the Algerian War. General Maurice Challe had the idea for the Challe Plan. It lasted from the 6 February 1959 - 6 April 1961.

                                               

Portuguese Colonial War

The Portuguese Colonial War was fought between Portugals military and the emerging nationalist movements in Portugals African colonies between 1961 and 1974. Portugal fought the MPLA, FNLA, UNITA and FLEC in Angola between 1961 and 1974. Also, th ...

                                               

COVID-19 pandemic in Argentina

On 7 March, the Ministry of Health confirmed the countrys first death, a 64-year-old man who had traveled to Paris, France, who also had other health conditions. The case was only confirmed as positive after the patients death. This also marked t ...

                                               

History of Armenia

The history of Armenia and Armenians is very ancient and can go back at least 2000 BC. Archaeologists say the Shulaveri-Shomu culture of the central Transcaucasus region, and Armenia today, as the earliest known prehistoric culture in the area, c ...

                                               

Ancient Armenia

Ancient Armenia was a rocky land of ravines, rivers, rugged cliffs, and hundreds of stone monuments and churches. Many survive to this day inside the Turkish border near Armenia. Armenia anciently had far more bigger land than it has now. Ancient ...

                                               

Ani

This article is about the city in Turkey. For the Etruscan god, see Ani Ani Armenian: Անի, Latin: Abnicum is a ruined and uninhabited medieval city-site in Turkey. It is in the province of Kars, beside the border with Armenia. It was once the cap ...

                                               

Anthem of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic

The Anthem of Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic was the national anthem of Armenia when it was a republic of the Soviet Union. The writer of the lyrics was Armenak Sarkisya, a poet. The composer of this song was Aram Khachaturian. He was known f ...

                                               

Kingdom of Armenia (Antiquity)

The ancient Kingdom of Armenia was an independent monarchy from 331 BC to AD 428. When the kingdom was the most powerful it was also called the "Armenian Empire". After the fall of the Achaemenid Empire, the former Satrapy of Armenia was divided ...

                                               

Armenia-Turkey relations

Armenia and Turkeys relations have been strained for a number of years mostly concerning the Nagorno-Karabakh area and Armenias claim of genocide by the Ottoman Empire. Turkey also has taken a stand for Azerbaijan in their conflict. However, on O ...

                                               

Hayk

Hayk, in Armenian legend, was the founder of the Armenian nation. His story is found mostly in the 5th century historian Moses Khorenatsis book History of Armenia.

                                               

Melikdom of Kashatag

Melikdom of Kashatag - Armenian melikdom, which existed in the XV-XVII centuries. It was located along the Akera River, on the southeastern section of the modern border of Armenia and Azerbaijan. The residence of the Meliks was located in the vil ...

                                               

Parspatunik

Parspatunik, Parspatuniq was the 26th district of Vaspurakan province and the largest region of the kingdom of Greater Armenia. After 72 A.D. Parspatuniq became principality of Great Armenia, which owned two regions in the province of Vaspurakan. ...

                                               

Sophene

Sophene was a province of the Armenian Kingdom and of the Roman Empire, in the southwest of the kingdom. It is currently in modern-day southeastern Turkey. According to Anania Shirakatsis Ashkharatsuyts "World Atlas," 7th century, Tsopk was the 2 ...

                                               

Western Armenia

Western Armenia, also referred to as Byzantine Armenia, later Turkish Armenia, or Ottoman Armenia is a term coined following the division of Greater Armenia between Byzantine Empire and Persia in 387 AC.

                                               

History of Australia

People have lived in Australia for over 65.000 years. The first people who arrived in Australia were the Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islanders. They lived in all parts of Australia. They lived by hunting, fishing and gathering. Aborigines ...

                                               

Bradleys Head Fortification Complex

The Bradleys Head Fort is near Toronga Park Zoo. This fort was part of Sydney Harbour’s protection plan. It remembers a time when the colony of New South Wales became more aware of its isolation and wealth. The fort is on Bradleys Head Road, Mosm ...

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