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Compost

Compost is a type of fertilizer that is made from rotting plants. It is easy and cheap to make, as all it really requires is vegetable waste. The vegetable waste is broken down by bacteria, and made into compost.

                                               

Crepe myrtle

The common crepe mirtle was introduced in South Carolina by Andre Michaux. This multistemmed shrub with crepe-like texture petals, and diverse colors is resistant to frosts. The genus is dedicated to Magnus von Lagerstroem, who supplied Linnaeus ...

                                               

Crop

Crops are living plants grown by farmers. Most crops are foods such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. Some crops are for drugs, such as quinine, or fibers such as cotton, or other materials such as rubber or wood. Farms are usually made to grow jus ...

                                               

Crop protection

Crop protection is a branch of horticulture, aimed at protecting crops. This is done so that the yield of the crop does not diminish. Common approaches are: Using psychology, for example to scare birds Using biological pest control, using the nat ...

                                               

Crop rotation

Crop rotation is a practice used in farming. It involves the planting of different seeds on the same land in different years or seasons, using a set pattern. This technique helps replace the nutrients in the soil for the plants. It also reduces p ...

                                               

Dairy farming

Dairy farming is a type of agriculture that is focused on producing milk. This is different from raising animals to produce meat. Milk can be used to produce dairy products, including cheese. Species commonly used are cows, but goats, sheep and c ...

                                               

Domestication

Domestication is a change that happens in wild animals or plants, when they are kept by humans for a long time. The Latin term literally means "to make it suitable for home". If humans take wild animals and plants and keep and breed them, over ti ...

                                               

Drainage

Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from a given area. Many agricultural soils need drainage to improve production or to manage water supplies.

                                               

Famine

Famine is a situation where most people do not have enough food to eat. Without food, the human body grows weaker and weaker until the person becomes very sick or dies. In poor countries with much subsistence farming such as in parts of Africa an ...

                                               

Fertilizer

A fertilizer is a chemical that helps plants to grow. It is used to replace the mineral salts taken by plants or removed/washed away by rain. Common fertilizers: Compost Urea Ammonia Manure Animal waste which was the first fertilizer. The importa ...

                                               

Fish farm

A fish farm is a place where fish are bred. In most cases, this is done for food. There are two basic types of fish farms: Those where fish are raised in specially prepared areas of the oceans, lakes or rivers. Those where the fish are raised in ...

                                               

Fish hatchery

A fish hatchery is where fish are hatched and cared for, usually to be released in natural waters. They may also be transferred to Fish farms and raised for food. Fish hatcheries and farms are either commercial or run by a state, province, or cou ...

                                               

Ghana National Farmers Day

Ghana National Farmers Day is a national holiday in the Republic of Ghana. It is an annual celebration of farmers and fishermen, celebrated on the first Friday of December.

                                               

Glyphosate

Glyphosate is a non-selective herbicide used in agriculture for the control of weeds, shrubs, and grasses. One brand name it is sold as is Monsantos Roundup. It is also used in genetically modified crops. There are many studies indicating glyphos ...

                                               

Green manure

Typically, a green manure crop is grown for a specific period, and then plowed under and incorporated into the soil. Green manures usually perform several functions, that include soil improvement and soil protection: Some green manure crops, when ...

                                               

Green Revolution

The Green Revolution was a spread of technology by Norman Borlaug, who earned the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970 and is held to have saved over a billion people from starving to death, from the 1930s to the 1960s. It was made up of the creation of dif ...

                                               

Hardiness zone

A hardiness zone is an area where a certain plant can grow. The zones are categories based on the average coldest temperature in a given year. Plants in that category or one with a lower number can grown in that area.

                                               

Harvest

Harvest means to collect what has been planted and grown in the ground. It is usually done by farmers, and in the fall season. This is also called picking crops. Crop failure is a loss or reduced crop yield due to plants being damaged, killed, or ...

                                               

Hay

Hay is grass and other plants that have been cut, dried and collected. It can then be stored in piles, or tied into blocks called bales. Bales can be round or box shaped. Hay is mostly used to feed animals. Some animals that eat hay are horses, c ...

                                               

Herbicide

A herbicide is a poison that kills plants. There are many kinds of herbicides, from weedkillers for gardens to Agent Orange which was used to destroy forests in the Vietnam War.

                                               

Herding

Herding is the act of bringing individual animals together into a group. It is maintaining the group and moving the group from place to place. Many thousands of years ago herding became a way of life for many nomadic people. Today it is still a n ...

                                               

Horticulture

Horticulture is the practical botany of gardens. It includes both decorative and vegetable aspects of gardens. A horticulturist is a person who works and conducts research in the science and skill of growing flowers, fruits, vegetables or ornamen ...

                                               

Humus

Humus is the organic matter in the soil. It is made of dead parts of plants and animals. Humus takes in water and has plenty of nutrients. Nitrogen is the most important. Plants put roots into the soil to get the water and nutrients. Humus is goo ...

                                               

Hydroponics

Hydroponics or Hydroculture is the method of growing plants in the nutrients that they need instead of soil. The plant foods are simply put into water instead and it makes a solution for the plants to live in. Vegetables, flowers and herbs can al ...

                                               

Insecticide

An insecticide is a poison made to kill insects and spiders. Insects are very tough animals that have adapted to a great variety of settings. Therefore, the poison used to kill them is also deadly to humans. There can be great danger of eating pe ...

                                               

Integrated pest management

In agriculture, Integrated Pest Management is a pest control strategy. This strategy uses many different ways to deal with pests: natural predators and parasites, pest-resistant varieties of plants, cultural practices, biological controls, variou ...

                                               

Intensive farming

Intensive farming or intensive agriculture is a kind of agriculture where a lot of money and labour are used to increase the yield that can be obtained per area of land. The use of large amounts of pesticides for crops, and of medication for anim ...

                                               

Intercropping

Intercropping is growing two or more crops next to each other at the same time. The main purpose of intercropping is to produce more crops in a given area. It also makes use of resources that would otherwise not be used by a single crop. Crops ar ...

                                               

International Food Policy Research Institute

The International Food Policy Research Institute is an international agricultural research center to improve the understanding of national agricultural and food policies to promote the adoption of innovations in agricultural technology. Additiona ...

                                               

Irrigation

Irrigation is when people add water to plants, to help them grow when there is not enough rain. Irrigation water can be pumped from rivers, natural lakes or lakes created by dams, from wells or allowed to flow to the fields by the force of gravit ...

                                               

Kibbutz

A kibbutz is a type of farming settlement in modern Israel. In a kibbutz, everyone shares the work that is traditionally based on agriculture. The kibbutz is a form of communal living that combines socialism and Zionism. The word means "gathering ...

                                               

Livestock

Livestock are domestic animals that are kept by people for purposes including meat, milking, wool, leather, or labor. Taking care of livestock is animal husbandry. Some types of livestock are: cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, and chickens. Chickens pr ...

                                               

Manure

Manure is organic matter used as fertilizer in agriculture. Manures improve the fertility of the soil by adding organic matter and lots of nutrients, such as nitrogen that is trapped by bacteria in the soil. Higher organisms then feed on the fung ...

                                               

Mastic

Mastic is a resin that comes from the mastic tree, Pistacia lentiscus. The tree grows in the Mediterranean region. In pharmacies and nature shops, it is called "Arabic gum". The resin is harvested in various places, especially the Greek island of ...

                                               

Milk Marketing Board

The Milk Marketing Board was an agency of the British government. The Board bought all of the milk in England and Wales from dairy farmers and passed it on to be processed and sold. This way small farmers always got a fair price, because no big p ...

                                               

Monoculture

Monoculture is growing a single crop in a large area. Farmers decide what is the best crop, and grow only that. This is very common in modern agriculture, as it simplifies the farm and allows relatively few people to harvest large amounts. Monocu ...

                                               

Neolithic revolution

The Neolithic revolution was the first agricultural revolution. It was a gradual change from nomadic hunting and gathering communities to agriculture and settlement. It changed the way of life of the communities which made the change. It occurred ...

                                               

Orchard

An orchard is where trees or shrubs that produce food are grown. Fruit, nuts, and vegetables are grown in orchards. They are grown to be sold. Orchards are sometimes a part of large gardens. They are put there to look nice and to produce food.

                                               

Organic farms

Organic farmers usually use animal manure respectively organic substances rather than man-made chemical fertilizers which add extra nutrients to the soil. Organic foods are unique to the way other products are produced as chemically treated food ...

                                               

Ornamental plant

An ornamental plant is a plant that is grown for how it looks, and not for its commercial or other value. The term is often shortened to ornamental when used in the context of plants. Ornamental plants are usually grown in the flower garden, or a ...

                                               

Palm oil

Palm oil is a vegetable oil. Natural palm oil is red, but the red part is usually removed before the oil is used. It is made from the fruit of the African Oil Palm tree. Some comes from the American Oil Palm. Palm oil is used in many different pr ...

                                               

Pasture

A pasture is a piece of land. Usually specific grasses and herbs are grown on it. Then livestock is put on for grazing. Rangeland is similarly used, but less controlled.

                                               

Penjing

Penjing is the ancient Chinese art of growing trees and plants in containers. The plants are kept small by skilled pruning. Penjing is similar to the Japanese art of bonsai.

                                               

Plant breeding

Plant breeding is the art and science of changing the traits of plants to produce desired characteristics. Plant breeding can be done by many different techniques. Plants with desirable characteristics for propagation can be selected. More comple ...

                                               

Plant cutting

Plant cutting, also known as striking/cloning, is a technique for vegetatively propagating plants. With this method, a piece of the source plant containing at least one stem cell is placed in a suitable medium such as moist soil, potting mix, coi ...

                                               

Plantation

A plantation is a large farm which is specialized on farming one type of crop. Plantations grow cash crops, mostly for export, and less for local use. Crops grown on plantations include banana, sugarcane, coffee, tea, cotton and tobacco. Some of ...

                                               

Pyrenean Shepherd

The Pyrenean Shepherd is a medium-small breed of dog. It comes from the South of France, in the Pyrenees Mountains. The Pyrenean Shepherd is a herding dog. The breed in the northern part of the mountains, where the climate is colder, was original ...

                                               

Rabi crops

fennel Fenugreek isabgol coriander cumin sesame alfalfa linseed mustard

                                               

Rangeland

                                               

Rock flour

Rock flour, or glacial flour, consists of clay-sized particles of rock, generated by glacial erosion or by artificial grinding to a similar size. Because the material is very small, it is suspended in river water making the water appear cloudy. I ...

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