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Performing music from memory

Performing music from memory means knowing a piece of music well enough to be able to play or sing it without the written music. Although some people can learn music by ear, most people who are taught to play musical instruments learn new pieces ...

                                               

Pizzicato

Pizzicato means: playing a string instrument by plucking the strings. Instruments such as the violin, viola, cello and double bass are normally played with a bow, but if the composer wants the player to pluck instead of bow, the word" pizzicato” ...

                                               

Portamento

In music, portamento is a gradual slide from one note to another. It is very similar to a glissando, but a glissando is deliberately written in the music by the composer and may be a long slide between two or three octaves or more. A portamento i ...

                                               

Scordatura

Scordatura in music is a technique in which players of string instruments tune their strings to different notes from a normal tuning. The word" scordatura” is an Italian word which means" mistuning”. It was used for lutes, guitars, viols and inst ...

                                               

Sight-reading

Sight-reading is the ability to play music that one has never seen before. It is important to be able to read music well in order to sight-read. Many people who learn to play an instrument will take examinations from time to time. One of the test ...

                                               

Vibrato

Vibrato is a series of very quick changes up and down to the pitch of a note. It is like a deliberate, controlled wobble. The word" vibrato” is related to the word" vibrate”. Vibrato is used to make a melody sound more beautiful by making it more ...

                                               

Toccata and Fugue in D minor

The Toccata and Fugue in D minor, BWV 565 is a work for organ by Johann Sebastian Bach. It was written about 1708. It is often identified with melodramatic silent movies and scary movies, and was made famous when Walt Disney included the music in ...

                                               

Sound

Sound can also mean a body of water, like a bay or channel. Sound is the term to describe what is heard when sound waves pass through a medium to the ear. All sounds are made by vibrations of molecules through which the sound travels. For instanc ...

                                               

Bass (sound)

This article is about the musical term. For other uses, see Bass. Bass is a low or deep tone in music. Low or deep tones are also called "low-pitched" tones, because the pitch is low. It is usually made by a bass guitar or an acoustic bass. It ca ...

                                               

Binaural beats

A binaural beat is an auditory illusion. It is perceived when two different pure-tone sine waves are presented to a listener, tone to each ear. For example, if a 530 Hz pure tone is presented to a subjects right ear, while a 520 Hz pure tone is p ...

                                               

Fade-out

In audio engineering, a fade is a gradual increase or decrease in the level of an audio signal. The term can also be used for film cinematography or theatre lighting, in much the same way). A recorded song may be gradually reduced to silence at i ...

                                               

Harmonic series (music)

Harmonics in music are notes which are produced in a special way. They are notes which are produced as part of the" harmonic series”. In physics, a harmonic is a wave which is added to the basic fundamental wave. This article talks about sound wa ...

                                               

High fidelity

High fidelity or hi-fi is a way of describing a very good home music system. "High fidelity" means that the sound is as close to the original as possible with no changes or added noise. People who like hi-fi are sometimes called audiophiles. Hi-f ...

                                               

Modular Audio Recognition Framework

Modular Audio Recognition Framework is a computer program that tries to understand voice, sound, speech, text and human language in general. In MARF, scientists and programmers write algorithms using Java. MARF consists of Lego-like algorithm pie ...

                                               

Pitch (music)

In music, the pitch of a note means how high or low the note is. In physics, it is measured in a unit called Hertz. A note that is vibrating at 261 Hz will be caused by sound waves that vibrate at 261 times a second. This will be Middle C on the ...

                                               

Quack

Quack is the sound a duck makes. Quack is also the name for someone who is a phony. One way that people use this word is a "quack doctor". A quack doctor sells people bad medicine that does not make people feel better. A quack can also mean a fak ...

                                               

Silence

Silence means no sound that can be heard. It can also mean no communication. A moment of silence is a common way to remember tragedies. The right to silence is a legal protection for people being interrogated by police in some countries.

                                               

Sonic boom

A sonic boom is created when an object travels faster than the speed of sound. When an airplane reaches the speed of sound, it makes a bang sound or an explosive noise it can be seen with the naked eye. This is often called "breaking the sound ba ...

                                               

Sound recording and reproduction

Sound recording and reproduction is the storage of sound and playing it back so that a person can hear the same sound more than once. It is a process wherein sound waves are captured by a machine. The machine converts the waves into electrical si ...

                                               

Soundtrack

A soundtrack, also written sound track, can be recorded music that is synchronized to the images of a motion picture. Soundtracks can also be part of a book, television program, radio program or video game. A commercially released soundtrack albu ...

                                               

Speed of sound

The speed of sound is 1.235 kilometres per hour or 330 metres per second in dry air in room temperature. It travels at 1500 meters per second through water. Sound moves faster through liquids and solids than air, since they have a larger specific ...

                                               

Stereo

Stereophonic sound, also simply called stereo, is the reproduction of sound using two or more audio loudspeakers. This creates a pleasant and natural sound heard from various directions, as in natural hearing. The word "stereophonic" comes from G ...

                                               

Supersonic

The term supersonic is used to describe a speed that is over the speed of sound. At a normal temperature like 70 degrees Fahrenheit, the speed needed for something to be traveling at a faster than sound speed is about 344 m/s, 1.129 ft/s, 770 mph ...

                                               

Ultrasound

Ultrasound is a type of sound with a frequency higher than humans can hear. This frequency, the upper limit of human hearing, is approximately 20.000 hertz.

                                               

Vibration

Vibration means quickly moving back and forth about a point of equilibrium. The vibration may be periodic or random. Something that is vibrating may shake at the same time. If it vibrates in a regular way, it may produce a musical note because it ...

                                               

Whistling

Whistling by people can be done without a whistle. Hard to describe, it is done by creating a small opening with ones lips and then blowing or sucking air through the hole. The air is moderated by the lips, curled tongue, teeth or fingers. The us ...

                                               

Wilhelm scream

The Wilhelm scream is a movie and television sound effect first used in 1951 for the movie Distant Drums. The effect became popular again after it was used in Star Wars and many other movies as well as television shows and video games. The scream ...

                                               

Accompaniment

An accompaniment in music is music that accompanies something else. A piece of music may have a melody tune and an accompaniment underneath. The music may be played on the piano with the right hand playing the tune and the left hand playing the a ...

                                               

Anacrusis

In music and poetry, an anacrusis is a very short introduction. The word comes from the Greek: ἀνάκρουσις, which means literally, "pushing up". It is a set of notes or syllables, perhaps just a single one. It comes before the first beat of a musi ...

                                               

Arpeggio

In music, an arpeggio is a group of notes in a chord which are played one after the other, instead of all at the same time. The arpeggio may either go up or go down, but it is more common going up. The word arpeggio comes from the Italian word ar ...

                                               

Arrangement (music)

An arrangement of a musical composition is a reworking of a piece of music so that it can be played by a different instrument or combination of instruments from the original. For example, a song written for one voice with piano accompaniment migh ...

                                               

Bar (music)

A bar or measure is used in writing music. It is a way of organizing the written music in small sections. Each bar is a small amount of time. Most music has a regular beat which can be felt. Each bar usually has the same number of beats in it. Mu ...

                                               

Beat (music)

A beat is the basic unit of music. Beats can help measure tempos and are performed in grooves and rhythmic music. They measure the pulse and rhythm of a musical piece. They are usually divided into two kinds: stressed and unstressed beats. Stress ...

                                               

Cover version

A cover version is a song which is re-recorded by a singer or band, after another artist has released a recording of it. Sometimes the versions are similar, but sometimes they are very different. Many songs become more popular as cover versions t ...

                                               

Drone (music)

In music, a drone is a note which sounds all the time while a piece of music is played. Some folk instruments always make a drone when they are played: bagpipes and hurdy gurdies in European culture, sitars in Indian music, and many other instrum ...

                                               

Opus number

Opus or the shortened form op. after the title of a piece of music means" work”. It is followed by a number. When a composer writes their first piece of music it is followed by the term" opus 1”. The next composition would then be called" opus 2” ...

                                               

Ostinato

In music, an ostinato is a short pattern of notes which is repeated several times throughout a song or piece of music. The word "ostinato" is related to the word obstinate. It is like a musical idea which is being obstinate and will not go away. ...

                                               

Part (music)

In music, a part is a line of music which is played by one player or group of players. This is the usual meaning of the word" part” when talking about musical compositions. When a group of instruments are all playing the same notes together - lik ...

                                               

Pedal (music)

Pedals on musical instruments are used to control parts of the instrument, or provide extra notes. There are several musical instruments which have pedals for various reasons.

                                               

Pedal point

A pedal point is a note which keeps sounding for several bars, usually in the bass. They are often used towards the end of a piece of music to help to drive the music to a climax. They are called "pedal" notes because they are often heard in orga ...

                                               

Refrain

A refrain is a verse or group of verses that is repeated at intervals in a piece of music or poetry. In song, it is often called the chorus. The refrain is often very different to the verse in melody, rhythm and harmonics. It usually has a higher ...

                                               

Riff

In music, a riff is an ostinato; a repeated chord progression, pattern, or melody, often played by rhythmic instruments. The riff is the base of the musical composition. They are most common in rock music, funk, and jazz. Some of famous riffs in ...

                                               

Tierce de Picardie

In music a Tierce de Picardie is a major chord at the end of a piece of music in a minor key. In the 16th to 17th centuries this was a very common way to end a piece in a minor key. This is because music in the minor sounds melancholy or disturbe ...

                                               

Timbre

Timbre is a quality of sound. It is what makes two different musical instruments sound different from each other, even when each instrument plays the same musical note. "Playing the same note" means they have the same pitch and loudness. For inst ...

                                               

Tribute

A tribute is when one party gives to another as a sign of respect or, was often case in historical situations, of submission or loyalty. This is trade between the parties under a contractual relationship formed upon pressure, and based upon the p ...

                                               

Music theory

Theory of Music is all about trying to understand how existing music works and how new music could or should be organized. Someone who makes a special study of music theory is a music theorist. People who make their own music are composers. Peopl ...

                                               

Binary form

Binary form is a type of form of music pieces. The word Binary means "in two parts." The word Form is a kind of guideline for composers when they write a piece of music. So, binary form means "An outline in two parts." A musical piece in binary f ...

                                               

Chord

A chord in music is when two or more notes are played together. A chord which is built up of the 1st, 3rd and 5th notes of a scale is called a "tonic triad". If it is made from a major scale, it is a major chord. If it is made from a minor scale ...

                                               

Chord progression

A chord progression is a part of music, made up of several chords played one after another. Chord progressions are important for people who write songs or play musical instruments that can play chords, such as the guitar. Chord progressions are u ...

                                               

Chromatic

A chromatic scale is a musical scale which uses every note as it goes up or down i.e. it goes up and down in semitones. To play a chromatic scale on the piano every note is played: both white and black notes. A chromatic scale can start on any note.