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Cardinal direction

Cardinal directions or cardinal points are the four main directions or points of the compass: north, east, south and west. These direction are also written in short form as N, E, S and W. North and south are directed towards the north and south p ...

                                               

East

East is one of the 4 main directions on a compass. East is normally to the right on most maps. For example: Japan is east of China, which is itself east of Pakistan. When" The East” is described: it usually refers to the countries of Asia. The su ...

                                               

North

North is one of the 4 main directions on a compass. North is usually up on most maps. For Example: The United States is north of the Mexico, which is itself north of Brazil. The North Pole is the farthest north you can go. The North of the world ...

                                               

Northeast

                                               

Northwest

                                               

South

South is one of the 4 cardinal directions on a compass. South is normally down on the bottom of most maps. For example: Ghana is to the south of Nigeria, which is itself to the south of Morocco. The South Pole is the farthest south you can go.

                                               

Southeast

                                               

Southwest

                                               

West

West is one of the 4 main directions on a compass. West is normally to the left on most maps. For example. When" The West” is used in everyday speech: it usually refers to the nations of Europe and its daughter states in the Americas and Australa ...

                                               

Ecoregion

An ecoregion, sometimes called a bioregion, is the next smallest ecologically and geographically defined area beneath "realm" or "ecozone". Ecoregions cover relatively large area of land or water, and contain characteristic, geographically distin ...

                                               

Cape flower region

The Cape flower region is a nature area near the south end of South Africa. The region is the smallest of the six "flower kingdoms" of the world, as recognised by Ronald Good. Its formal title is the Cape South Africa Floristic Region. The region ...

                                               

Great Barrier Reef

The Great Barrier Reef is the worlds largest coral reef. It is near the coast of Queensland, Australia. It is made up of nearly 2900 coral reefs and over 600 islands. It is 327.800 km² big and 2600 km long. It has been listed an important World H ...

                                               

Ecozone

An ecozone or biogeographic realm is the largest scale biogeographic division of the earths surface. These divisions are based on the historic and evolutionary distribution of plants and animals. Ecozones represent large areas of the Earth surfac ...

                                               

Afrotropic

The Afrotropic is one of the Earths eight ecozones. The zone was formerly known as the Ethiopian Zone. The zone includes Africa south of the Sahara, the southern and eastern parts of the Arabian Peninsula, the island of Madagascar, southern Iran, ...

                                               

Alpine tundra

Alpine tundra is a type of geological terrain. It is to be found at high enough altitude at any latitude on Earth. Alpine tundra lacks trees. The lower parts do not have permafrost. Because of this they are generally better drained than permafros ...

                                               

Australasian ecozone

The Australasian zone is an ecological region which fits the geographic region of Australasia. That means Australia, New Guinea and neighbouring islands. The northern boundary is the Wallace Line. The ecozone includes Australia, the island of New ...

                                               

Global 200

The Global 200 is the list of ecoregions identified by the World Wide Fund for Nature as priorities for conservation. According to the WWF, an ecoregion is defined as a "relatively large unit of land or water containing a characteristic set of na ...

                                               

Holarctic

The Holarctic ecozone refers to the habitats found throughout the northern continents of the world as a whole. This region is divided into the Palearctic and the Nearctic. The palearctic is Northern Africa and all of Eurasia, with the exception o ...

                                               

Nearctic

For the thoroughbred racehorse see Nearctic. The Nearctic is one of the eight terrestrial ecozones dividing the Earths land surface. In ecology, an ecozone is a large land mass that contains many terrestrial ecoregions, each of which has unique p ...

                                               

Neotropic

In context of biogeography, Neotropic or Neotropical means one of the worlds eight terrestrial ecozones. This ecozone includes South and Central America, the Mexican lowlands, the Caribbean islands, and southern Florida, because these regions sha ...

                                               

Palearctic

The Palearctic ecozone is one of the eight dividing the Earths surface. The Palearctic is by far the largest ecozone. It includes the terrestrial ecoregions of Europe, Asia north of the Himalayan foothills, northern Africa, and the northern and c ...

                                               

Subalpine zone

The subalpine zone is the zone of plants just below tree line around the world. Species that occur in the zone vary according to where they are on the Earth. For example, Snow Gum in Australia, or Subalpine Larch, Mountain Hemlock and Subalpine F ...

                                               

Expedition

An expedition usually means a long journey or voyage done for a specific purpose, often exploratory, scientific, geographic, military or political in nature.

                                               

Exploration

Exploration is the act of searching an unfamiliar area in order to learn about it. It involves the discovery of new information. Human beings explore even when they have everything they need where they are. They are the only mammal that does this ...

                                               

New South Greenland

New South Greenland, which is also known as Morrells Land, was an appearance of land recorded by the American captain Benjamin Morrell. Morrel reported the sighting on the schooner Wasp in March 1823, during a seal hunting and exploration voyage ...

                                               

Nimrod Expedition

The British Antarctic Expedition 1907–09 was also called the Nimrod Expedition. It was the first of three expeditions to the Antarctic led by Ernest Shackleton. The purpose of the journey was to reach the South Pole. They did not reach the South ...

                                               

Northwest Passage

The Northwest Passage is a sea passage along the north coast of North America, through the Arctic Ocean. Because of ice, the passage is usually closed to ships. The Spanish Empire wanted to reach Asia by a western route, because Portugal controll ...

                                               

Valdivia expedition

The Valdivia expedition was a scientific exedition to explore the Deep sea. It was a German expedition, done in 1898 and 1899. A ship was bought from Hamburg-Amerikanischen Packetfahrt-Actien-Gesellschaft HAPAG and given instruments to be able to ...

                                               

Forest

A forest is a piece of land with many trees. Many animals need forests to live and survive. Forests are very important and grow in many places around the world. They are an ecosystem which includes many plants and animals. Temperature and rainfal ...

                                               

Aokigahara

Aokigahara is a forest at the northwest base of Mount Fuji in Japan. The forest is known to be quiet because of the absence of wildlife and the wind-blocking density of the trees that are in it. A number of rocky, icy caverns are in the forest an ...

                                               

Forests of Azerbaijan

The total forest area of Azerbaijan is 1.021.880 ha or 11.8% of the countrys area. The forest biomes are made up of temperate deciduous forests, temperate mixed deciduous and coniferous forests, temperate coniferous forests and riparian forests. ...

                                               

Bosque Capão da Imbuia

The Bosque do Capão da Imbuia is a park in the city of Curitiba in Parana, Brazil. With a large size area of native forest, the grove has many attractions for tourists. The main attractions are: "Path of the Araucaria" - a path in the woods with ...

                                               

Cloud forest

A cloud forest or fog forest is a tropical or subtropical, evergreen, montane, moist forest. It has a long-lasting, frequent or seasonal low-level cloud cover, usually at the canopy level. Cloud forests often have mosses covering the ground and v ...

                                               

Coal forest

Coal forests were huge areas of wetlands which covered much of the Earths tropical land areas in the late Carboniferous and Permian times. At the time most continents were crowded together in the supercontinent Gondwana. They lay on the path of t ...

                                               

Deforestation

Deforestation is when forests are destroyed by cutting trees and not replanting them. The most common reason is to clear the land to make farms and ranches. They also cut trees for firewood and lumber and to make room for cities. Deforestation de ...

                                               

Eshtaol Forest

The Eshtaol Forest is a forest in Israel, located north of Beit Shemesh and near Taoz and Neve Shalom. The Forest of the Martyrs lies to the east. The forest is a popular recreation area and is one of the largest forests in Israel. The forest was ...

                                               

Forest of Dean

The Forest of Dean is an area in Gloucestershire. It is in the west of the county between the River Wye, Herefordshire, the River Severn and the city of Gloucester.

                                               

Gifford Pinchot National Forest

The Gifford Pinchot National Forest is a United States National Forest in Washington, USA. It has 1.300.000 acres of land. The forest includes the Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument, which takes up 110.000 acres of the property.

                                               

Jerusalem Forest

The Jerusalem Forest is a pine forest located in the Judean Mountains west of Jerusalem. It is surrounded by the neighborhoods Beit HaKerem, Yefe Nof, Ein Kerem, Har Nof, Givat Shaul, and a moshav, Beit Zeit.

                                               

Jungle

The jungle is a place in a rain forest where the forest floor is crowded with plants. Like other rainy places, they have many rivers or streams. Scientists think that more types of animals and plants live in the jungles than everywhere else. When ...

                                               

Mixed forest

Mixed forests are a temperate and humid biome. The forests have four layers. The uppermost layer is the forest canopy of tall, mature trees from 33 to 66 m high. Below the canopy is the three-layered understory, about 9 to 15 m 30 to 50 feet shor ...

                                               

Moose River Plains Wild Forest

The Moose River Plains Wild Forest is a 50.000-acre forest in Adirondack Park, which is in the Hamilton and Herkimer counties in the U.S. state of New York. It is designated a Wild Forest by the New York State Department of Environmental Conserva ...

                                               

Old-growth forest

An old-growth forest is a forest that has reached a great age without much disturbance. It has unique ecological features, and might be classified as a climax community. Old-growth features include various tree-related structures. These provide w ...

                                               

Olympic National Park

Olympic National Park is a national park in the U.S. state of Washington. It was established on June 29, 1938. The park covers nearly 1 million acres of the Olympic Peninsula.

                                               

Quaking aspen

The quaking aspen is a term for two different aspen species. Popullus tremula, the European trembling aspen. Populus tremuloides, a native tree in North America. All aspens spread by suckers root sprouts. They may come to air up to 40 m from the ...

                                               

Reforesting

Reforesting is the process of replacing plants in an area where they have been cut down or destroyed. It usually refers to trees, but could include other types of plant life. Reforestation is often needed after deforestation, when trees are cut d ...

                                               

Sundarbans

The Sundarbans is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world. The Sunderbans is a UNESCO World Heritage Site covering parts of Khulna Division of Bangladesh. The Sundarbans National Park is a National Park, Tiger Re ...

                                               

Taiga

The taiga is a large area of coniferous forests. It covers most of inland Alaska, Canada, Sweden, Finland, inland Norway, northern Kazakhstan and Russia, as well as parts of the northern continental United States. In Canada, boreal forest is the ...

                                               

Woodland

Woodland is a low-density forest with plenty of sunlight and limited shade. It forms an open habitat. Woodlands have an understory of shrubs and herbaceous plants including grasses. Woodlands grade into shrubland in drier conditions or in early s ...

                                               

Community Identification Number

The Official Municipality Key, which used to be called the Official Municipality Characteristic Number or Municipality Code Number, is a group of numbers used to tell the difference between different municipalities and areas.

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