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ⓘ July 12. 2005 – Prince Albert II is enthroned as ruler of the Principality of Monaco. 2017 - Maltas parliament votes to legalise same-sex marriage. 2018 - US Pr ..




                                     

ⓘ July 12

  • 2005 – Prince Albert II is enthroned as ruler of the Principality of Monaco.
  • 2017 - Maltas parliament votes to legalise same-sex marriage.
  • 2018 - US President Donald Trump starts a four-day visit to the United Kingdom.
  • 2013 - Malala Yousafzai speaks at the UN Headquarters on her 16th birthday, in support of education for all.
  • 2006 – War erupts between Israel and Lebanon.
  • 2004 – Pedro Santana Lopes is officially appointed Prime Minister of Portugal.
  • 2017 - A massive iceberg, 5.800 square kilometres 2.200 square miles large, breaks away from the Larsen C ice shelf in Antarctica.
  • 2004 – An earthquake strikes in Posocje, Slovenia, with 2 dead, and measuring 4.9 on the Richter scale.
  • 2016 - A train collision in Apulia, South-eastern Italy, kills 27 people.
  • 2002 – Gay rights: The Superior Court of Ontario orders Ontario to recognize same-sex marriages.
  • 2014 - 2014 FIFA World Cup: After being humiliated a few days earlier 7-1 by the Germany national football team in the Semi-Final, the Brazil national football team, hosting the tournament, also loses the Third-Place play-off against the Netherlands national football team, 3-0.
  • 2019 - Asasey hotel attack: Gunmen storm the Asasey hotel in Kismayo, Somalia, killing 26 people.
  • 2012 - A tank truck explosion in Okogie, Nigeria, kills over 100 people.
  • 2013 - A train crash near Paris kills 6 people.
                                     

1.1. Births Up to 1850

  • 1596 – Tsar Michael I of Russia d. 1645
  • 1849 – Sir William Osler, Canadian physician, writer, professor of medicine d. 1919
  • 1784 - Juan Mora Fernandez, Costa Rican Head of State d. 1854
  • 1828 - Nikolay Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher d. 1889
  • 1819 – Charles Kingsley, English writer d. 1875
  • 1817 – Henry David Thoreau, American writer and philosopher d. 1862
  • 1850 – Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist d. 1912
  • 1607 - Jean Petitot, Swiss painter d. 1691
  • 1675 - Evaristo Felice DallAbaco, Italian composer and violinist d. 1742
  • 1824 – Eugene Boudin, French painter d. 1898
  • 1803 - Peter Chanel, French priest and saint d. 1841
  • 1468 – Juan del Encina, poet and composer
  • 1807 – Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer d. 1893
  • 1394 – Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun d. 1441
  • 1813 – Claude Bernard, French physiologist d. 1878
  • 1730 – Josiah Wedgwood, English potter d. 1795
  • 100 BC – Gaius Julius Caesar, Roman soldier and politician d. 44 BC
                                     

1.2. Births 1851 – 1900

  • 1854 - Juan Gualberto Gomez, Cuban revolutionary leader d. 1933
  • 1876 – Max Jacob, French poet d. 1944
  • 1895 – Oscar Hammerstein II, American lyricist d. 1960
  • 1886 – Jean Hersholt, Danish movie director and actor d. 1956
  • 1884 – Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor d. 1920
  • 1895 – Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian soprano d. 1962
  • 1855 – Edward Ned Hanlan, rower d. 1908
  • 1895 – R. Buckminster Fuller, American architect d. 1983
  • 1868 – Stefan George, German poet d. 1933
  • 1880 – Tod Browning, American movie director d. 1962
  • 1854 – George Eastman, American inventor d. 1932
  • 1861 - Anton Arensky, Russian composer, pianist and educator d. 1906
  • 1863 - Paul Drude, German physicist d. 1906
  • 1892 – Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter d. 1942
  • 1863 - Albert Calmette, French physician d. 1933
  • 1864 – George Washington Carver, American botanist d. 1943
  • 1870 – Louis II of Monaco d. 1949
  • 1852 – Hipolito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina d. 1933
  • 1892 – Harry Piel, actor, movie director, and producer d. 1963
                                     

1.3. Births 1901 – 1950

  • 1948 – Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Sufi musician d. 1997
  • 1937 – Lionel Jospin, former Prime Minister of France
  • 1934 – Van Cliburn, American pianist d. 2013
  • 1916 - Robert E. Gilka, American photojournalist d. 2013
  • 1928 - Kathy Staff, English actress d. 2008
  • 1920 – Pierre Berton, Canadian journalist and writer d. 2004
  • 1947 - Wilko Johnson, English singer-songwriter, guitarist and actor
  • 1946 – Valentina Tolkunova, Russian singer d. 2010
  • 1943 - Paul Silas, American basketball player and coach
  • 1948 - Walter Egan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1935 – Hans Tilkowski, German footballer
  • 1948 – Richard Simmons, American fitness trainer, actor, comedian, producer and writer
  • 1906 - Pietro Tordi, Italian actor d. 1990
  • 1938 - Jaishankar, Indian actor d. 2000
  • 1948 - Jay Thomas, American actor d. 2017
  • 1909 – Joe DeRita, American actor and comedian d. 1993
  • 1937 – Bill Cosby, American comedian and actor
  • 1904 – Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, Nobel Prize recipient d. 1973
  • 1923 - Rene Favaloro, Argentine heart surgeon d. 2000
  • 1920 – Beah Richards, American actress d. 2000
  • 1909 - Fritz Leonhardt, German engineer d. 1999
  • 1905 – Prince John of the United Kingdom d. 1919
  • 1923 - Jonas Gomez Gallo, Chilean businessman and politician d. 2019
  • 1925 – Roger B. Smith, American automobile executive
  • 1917 – Andrew Wyeth, American artist d. 2009
  • 1922 – Michael Ventris, English architect and philologist d. 1956
  • 1932 - Eddy Wally, Belgian singer d. 2016
  • 1933 - Brian Cant, English actor, presenter and writer d. 2017
  • 1928 – Elias James Corey, American chemist
  • 1945 - Leopoldo Mastelloni, Italian actor
  • 1927 - Conte Candoli, American trumpeter d. 2001
  • 1937 - Michel Louvin, Canadian singer
  • 1913 – Willis Lamb, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2008
  • 1935 - Roy Barraclough, English actor d. 2017
  • 1926 - Carl Adam Petri, German mathematician and computer scientist d. 2010
  • 1902 – Gunther Anders, philosopher and writer d. 1992
  • 1948 - Ben Burtt, American sound designer
  • 1908 – Milton Berle, American comedian d. 2002
  • 1932 – Otis Davis, American runner
  • 1950 - Gilles Meloche, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1946 – Gareth Edwards, Welsh rugby player
  • 1933 – Donald E. Westlake, American writer d. 2008
  • 1932 - Monte Hellman, American movie director, producer and editor
  • 1944 - Delia Ephron, American author, screenwriter and playwright
  • 1943 – Christine McVie, singer, musician, and songwriter Fleetwood Mac
  • 1950 – Eric Carr, American drummer Kiss d. 1991
  • 1922 – Mark Hatfield, U.S. Senator and Governor from Oregon d. 2011
  • 1930 – Gordon Pinsent, Canadian actor, director, and writer
  • 1928 - Jo Myong-rok, North Korean politician d. 2010


                                     

1.4. Births 1951 – 1975

  • 1966 - Tamsin Greig, English actress
  • 1975 - Cheyenne Jackson, American actor and singer
  • 1959 - Charlie Murphy, American actor and writer d. 2016
  • 1962 - Luc De Vos, Belgian musician and writer d. 2014
  • 1974 - Sharon den Adel, Dutch singer and composer
  • 1959 - King Tupou VI of Tonga
  • 1952 - Philip Taylor Kramer, American bass player Iron Butterfly d. 1995
  • 1967 - John Petrucci, American guitarist
  • 1974 - Gregory Helms, American professional wrestler
  • 1957 - Dave Semenko, Canadian ice hockey player d. 2017
  • 1971 – Kristi Yamaguchi, American figure skater
  • 1964 – Gaby Roslin, English television presenter
  • 1969 - Chantal Jouanno, French politician
  • 1973 – Christian Vieri, Italian footballer
  • 1961 - Shiva Rajkumar, Indian actor, singer and producer
  • 1961 - Masaaki Mori, Japanese footballer
  • 1954 – Wolfgang Dremmler, German footballer
  • 1969 - Jesse Pintado, American guitarist d. 2006
  • 1966 - Annabel Croft, English tennis player
  • 1972 – Travis Best, NBA player
  • 1962 - Dean Wilkins, English footballer
  • 1955 - Jimmy LaFave, American singer-songwriter and folk musician d. 2017
  • 1975 - Carolina Kasting, Brazilian actress
  • 1967 - Bruny Surin, Haitian-Canadian athlete
  • 1960 - Corynne Charby, French model, actress and singer
  • 1973 - Magoo, American rapper
  • 1951 - Cheryl Ladd, American actress and singer
  • 1953 – John Ausonius, Swedish criminal
  • 1952 - Irina Bokova, Bulgarian politician, Director-General of UNESCO
  • 1967 – Richard Herring, English comedian
  • 1952 - Voja Antonic, Serbian inventor and journalist
  • 1956 - Mario Soto, Dominican baseball player
  • 1974 – Stelios Giannakopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1952 - Liz Mitchell, Jamaican performer Boney M
  • 1966 - Ana Torrent, Spanish actress
  • 1975 - Anastassia Michaeli, Israeli journalist, television presenter and politician
                                     

1.5. Births From 1976

  • 1986 – Simone Laudehr, German footballer
  • 1984 – Gareth Gates, English singer
  • 1997 - Malala Yousafzai, Pakistani activist for education
  • 1988 - Patrick Beverley, American basketball player
  • 1995 - Jordyn Wieber, American artistic gymnast
  • 1985 - Paulo Vitor Barreto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1986 - Didier Digard, French footballer
  • 1996 – Jordan Romero, American mountain climber
  • 1982 – Antonio Cassano, Italian footballer
  • 1989 - Phoebe Tonkin, Australian actress and model
  • 1980 - Tom Price, Welsh actor
  • 1995 - Luke Shaw, English footballer
  • 1976 – Anna Friel, English actress
  • 1991 – Erik Per Sullivan, American actor
  • 1996 - Moussa Dembele, French footballer
  • 1985 - Emil Hegle Svendsen, Norwegian biathlete
  • 1984 - Michael McGovern, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Brock Lesnar, American professional wrestler
  • 1992 – Eoghan Quigg, Northern Irish singer
  • 1978 – Topher Grace, American actor
  • 1978 - Michelle Rodriguez, American actress
  • 1989 - Nick Palmieri, American ice hockey player
  • 1986 - Krystal Forscutt, Australian model, actress and singer
  • 1991 - James Rodriguez, Colombian footballer
                                     

2.1. Deaths Up to 1900

  • 1849 – Dolley Madison, First Lady of the United States b. 1768
  • 1845 – Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian writer b. 1808
  • 1845 - Ludwig Persius, Prussian architect b. 1803
  • 1742 - Evaristo Felice DallAbaco, Italian composer b. 1675
  • 1892 - Alexander Cartwright, American inventor of baseball b. 1820
  • 1664 – Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker b. 1610
  • 1773 – Johann Joachim Quantz, German flutist and composer b. 1697
  • 1855 - Pavel Nakhimov, Russian admiral b. 1802
  • 1645 - Tsar Michael I of Russia b. 1596
  • 1838 - Ezra Butler, American politician, Governor of Vermont b. 1763
  • 1712 – Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland b. 1626
  • 1682 – Jean Picard, French astronomer b. 1620
  • 1804 – Alexander Hamilton, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury b. 1755
  • 1536 – Erasmus, Dutch writer and philosopher b. around 1466
  • 1441 – Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun b. 1394
  • 783 – Bertrada, wife of Pippin III b. 720


                                     

2.2. Deaths 1901 – 2000

  • 1945 - Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal b. 1895
  • 1962 – Roger Wolfe Kahn, American band leader b. 1907
  • 1949 – Douglas Hyde, first President of Ireland b. 1860
  • 1979 - Minnie Riperton, American singer b. 1947
  • 1960 - Buddy Adler, American movie producer b. 1909
  • 1969 - Henry George Lamond, Australian novelist b. 1885
  • 1978 - Esmond Harmsworth, 2nd Viscount Rothermere, English politician and media magnate b. 1898
  • 1901 - Richard B. Hubbard, 17th Governor of Texas b. 1832
  • 1931 – Nathan Soderblom, Swedish clergyman, Nobel Peace Prize laureate b. 1866
  • 1945 - Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician and engineer b. 1871
  • 1996 – John Chancellor, American television journalist b. 1927
  • 1944 - Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., American general and politician b. 1887
  • 1990 - Joao Saldanha, Brazilian footballer, manager and journalist b. 1917
  • 1947 - Jimmie Lunceford, American saxophonist and bandleader b. 1902
  • 1982 - Kenneth More, English actor b. 1914
  • 1918 – Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer b. 1864
  • 1998 - Jimmy Driftwood, American singer-songwriter and banjo player b. 1907
  • 1999 – Rajendra Kumar, Indian actor b. 1929
  • 1988 – Josh Logan, movie director and writer
  • 1934 - Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American inventor b. 1877
  • 1950 – Elsie De Wolfe, actress and interior decorator b. 1865
  • 1910 – Charles Stewart Rolls, British engineer and aviator b. 1887
  • 1935 – Alfred Dreyfus, French military officer b. 1859
  • 1999 – Bill Owen, British actor b. 1914
  • 1923 - William P. Dillingham, Governor of Vermont b. 1843
  • 1926 – Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist, writer, spy, and administrator b. 1868
  • 1996 – Jonathan Melvoin, musician and keyboardist The Smashing Pumpkins b. 1961
                                     

2.3. Deaths From 2001

  • 2017 - Tod Sloan, Canadian ice hockey player b. 1927
  • 2017 - Chuck Blazer, American soccer administrator b. 1945
  • 2019 - Jean-Pierre Worms, French sociologist and politician b. 1934
  • 2018 - Dada Vaswani, Indian spiritual leader and writer b. 1918
  • 2010 – Harvey Pekar, American comic book writer and artist b. 1939
  • 2018 - Robert Wolders, Dutch actor b. 1936
  • 2015 - Cheng Siwei, Chinese economist b. 1935
  • 2017 - Sam Glanzman, American comic artist b. 1924
  • 2018 - Alain Faure, French politician b. 1962
  • 2014 - Kenneth J. Gray, American politician b. 1924
  • 2013 - Amar Bose, American sound engineer and entrepreneur b. 1929
  • 2014 - Valeriya Novodvorskaya, Russian liberal politician b. 1950
  • 2013 - Pran, Indian actor b. 1920
  • 2008 - Tony Snow, American journalist b. 1955
  • 2019 - Fernando J. Corbato, American computer scientist b. 1926
  • 2016 - Zygmunt Zimowski, Polish Roman Catholic prelate b. 1949
  • 2018 - Xerardo Fernandez Albor, Spanish politician, President of Galicia b. 1917
  • 2014 - Alberto Cassano, Argentine engineer and academic b. 1935
  • 2019 - Hodan Nalayeh, Somali-Canadian journalist b. 1976
  • 2015 - Tenzin Delek Rinpoche, Tibetan Buddhist monk b. 1950
  • 2018 - Roger Perry, American actor b. 1933
  • 2003 – Benny Carter, American musician b. 1907
  • 2013 - Alan Whicker, English broadcaster b. 1925
  • 2018 - Abbas Amir-Entezam, Iranian politician and political prisoner b. 1932
  • 2014 - Emil Bobu, Romanian politician b. 1927
  • 2015 - Javier Krahe, Spanish singer-songwriter b. 1944
  • 2011 - Sherwood Schwartz, American screenwriter and producer b. 1916
  • 2017 - Gerrit Braks, Dutch politician b. 1933
  • 2010 – Gunter Behnisch, German architect b. 1922
  • 2017 - Ray Phiri, South African jazz musician b. 1947
  • 2015 - Chenjerai Hove, Zimbabwean writer b. 1956
  • 2019 - M. J. Radhakrishnan, Indian cinematographer b. 1957/1958
  • 2019 - Claudio Naranjo, Chilean psychiatrist b. 1932
  • 2017 - Tamara Miansarova, Russian pop singer b. 1931
  • 2007 – Kesha Wizzart, British singer b. 1988
  • 2012 - Dara Singh, Indian wrestler and actor b. 1928
  • 2014 - Nestor Basterretxea, Basque artist b. 1924
                                     

3. Observances

  • Independence Day in Kiribati and São Tome and Principe
  • Second Day of Naadam Mongolia
  • The Twelfth, or Orangemans Day, commemorating the Battle of the Boyne Northern Ireland
                                     
  • Principe July 12 Independence Day in Kiribati July 13 Statehood Day Montenegro July 14 Bastille Day, national holiday of France July 14 Republic
  • at 12 noon or 1 p.m. if Daylight Saving Time is used In a Leap year, the half - way point is at midnight between the 1 and 2 July or 1 a.m. on July 2
  • January 12 is the 12 th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 353 days remaining until the end of the year 354 in leap years 475 - Basiliscus
  • July 4 is the 185th day of the year 186th in leap years in the Gregorian calendar. There are 180 days remaining until the end of the year. Aphelion
  • July 1 is the 182nd day of the year 183rd in leap years in the Gregorian calendar. There are 183 days remaining until the end of the year. 69 - Tiberius
  • July 3 is the 184th day of the year 185th in leap years in the Gregorian calendar. There are 181 days remaining until the end of the year. 323 Battle
  • July 8 is the 189th day of the year 190th in leap years in the Gregorian calendar. There are 176 days remaining until the end of the year. 1099 - First
  • July 9 is the 190th day of the year 191st in leap years in the Gregorian calendar. There are 175 days remaining until the end of the year. 455 Roman
  • July 6 is the 187th day of the year 188th in leap years in the Gregorian calendar. There are 178 days remaining until the end of the year. 1189 - Richard
Poundbury
                                               

Poundbury

Poundbury is a new town outside of Dorchester in the county of Dorset, England. It is an experiment town built by prize-winning architect Leon Krier. It was planned and supported by Charles, Prince of Wales, on whose land it is built on. Its design is based on New Urbanist ideas. It is set to be finished in 2025. Around 6.000 people will live here.