ⓘ John von Neumann
John von Neumann was a Hungarian-American mathematician and physicist who contributed to many fields including:
- continuous geometry
- quantum mechanics
- numerical analysis
- game theory
- ergodic theory
- set theory
- functional analysis
- computer science
- systems theory
He is generally regarded as a prodigy, polymath and one of the most important mathematicians of the 20th century.
He was a member of a group called the Martians. They were Hungarian immigrants to the US of extraordinary intellect. Others people in this group were Edward Teller, Paul Erdos, Leo Szilard and Eugene Wigner.
1. Noteworthy work
- His textbook on quantum mechanics is one of the first on this topic.
- Principles are included in every modern computer, tablet or phone.
- His game theory is considered one of the most important tools in competitive strategic management and is also of high importance in biosciences.
- He was one of the first proponents of artificial intelligence. He proposed the idea of self replicating machines. This is why a machine that can replicate itself is now commonly referred to as a Von Neumann machine.
- He is the designer of the Von-Neumann architecture, which is basic to nearly all computers today.
- Well known by computer scientists
- With Stanislav Ulam, he did some of the most important calculations in the Manhattan project.
- He worked at the Institute of Advanced Studies the same time as Albert Einstein, Kurt Godel and Robert Oppenheimer