A mermaid is a mythological creature with a female human head and upper body and the tail of a fish. Mermaids are said to live mostly in the water, although sometimes they are known to come out of the water and sit on the large rocks above the sea. It was thought that they would make boats crash with their siren-like calls.
1. Overview and etymology
The word is a compound of mere, the Old English word for "sea", and maid, a woman. The male equivalent is a merman. Much like sirens, mermaids sometimes sing to people and gods and enchant them, distracting them from their work and causing them to walk off the deck or run their ships aground. Other stories depict them squeezing the life out of drowning men while attempting to rescue them. They are also said to carry humans down to their underwater kingdoms or drown them.
The sirens of Greek mythology are sometimes portrayed in later folklore as mermaid-like. But in the Odyssey they are described as birds with womens heads, not women with fish tails. Some languages use the same word for both bird and fish creatures, such as the Maltese word sirena. Other related types of mythical or legendary creatures are water fairies e.g., various water nymphs and selkies, animals that can transform themselves from seals to humans.
2.1. History Ancient Near East
The first known mermaid stories appeared in Assyria, ca. 1000 BC. The goddess Atargatis loved a shepherd and accidentally killed him. She was so sad she jumped into a lake to become a fish, but the waters would not let her beauty be hidden. Because of this, she took the form of a mermaid.
A popular Greek legend turns Alexander the Greats sister into a mermaid after she died. She lived, it was said, in the Aegean that when she met a ship, she asked its sailors only one question: "Is King Alexander alive?" Greek: "Ζει ο Βασιλιάς Αλέξανδρος ;" The answer was "He lives and reigns and conquers the world" Greek: "Ζει και βασιλεύει και τον κόσμο κυριεύει". If they answered her question correctly, she calmed the waters for the ship, but any other answer would make her angry, and raise a storm.
2.2. History Arabian Nights
The One Thousand and One Nights includes several tales have "Sea People", such as Djullanar the Sea-girl. Unlike other mythologies, these are almost the same as humans, except the fact that they can breathe and live underwater. They also breed with land humans, the children of them being able to live underwater.
In "The Adventures of Bulukiya", the protagonist Bulukiyas explore the seas, and meets some mermaids.
2.3. History British Isles
Mermaids were noted in British folklore as unlucky omens. Several parts of the song Sir Patrick Spens is about a mermaid speaking to doomed ships, or telling them they will never see land again. Mermaids can also be a sign of bad weather.
Some mermaids were described as very big, up to 2.000 feet 610 m.
Mermaids could also swim up rivers to freshwater lakes. One day, in a lake near his house, the Laird of Lorntie went to help a woman he thought drowning, and a servant of his pulled him back, warning that it was a mermaid, and the mermaid screamed after him that she would have killed him if it were not for his servant.
Sometimes, though, mermaids could appear as nicer characters, teaching humans how to cure diseases.
Mermen were thought of as more wild and ugly than mermaids, but they also were not interested in humans.
3. Mermaid Sighting
Some people claim to have seen dead or living mermaids from places such as Java and British Columbia. There are two Canadian reports from the area of Vancouver and Victoria, BC, one from sometime between 1870 and 1890, the other from 1967.
In August 2009, the town of Kiryat Yam in Israel offered a prize of 1 million dollars for anyone who could prove that mermaids existed off its coast, after dozens of people said they had seen a mermaid leaping out of the water like a dolphin and doing tricks in the air before returning back to where it had come from. The prize has not yet been awarded.
4. Art and literature
One famous image was created by John William Waterhouse, from 1895 to 1905, called A Mermaid see the top of this article. It was an example of late British Academy style art, but disappeared and was not found until the 1970s. It is again in the collection of the Royal Academy.
The most famous in more recent centuries is Hans Christian Andersens fairy tale The Little Mermaid 1836, which has been translated into many languages.
The best known musical about mermaids are those by Felix Mendelssohn in his Fair Melusina and the three "Rhine daughters" in Richard Wagners Der Ring des Nibelungen.
Movies with mermaids in them are drama television series such as Charmed. Animated movies include Disneys popular musical version of Andersens tale, and Hayao Miyazakis Ponyo.
4.1. Art and literature Heraldry
In heraldry, mermaids are most well known to be presented with a comb or a mirror, and also thought of to be very vain.
A mermaid that had a shield and sword Syrenka is on the official Coat of arms of Warsaw. The city of Norfolk, Virginia also uses a mermaid as a symbol.
The personal coat of arms of Michaelle Jean, Canadas Governor General, features two mermaids.
In the 19th century, P. T. Barnum showed in his museum a taxidermal hoax called the Fiji mermaid. Others have made similar hoaxes, which are usually made by paper-mache or parts of dead creatures, usually monkeys and fish, stitched together too look like a mermaid. In the wake of the 2004 tsunami, pictures of Fiji "mermaids" came up on the Internet as examples of items that had washed up onto the beach, though they were no more real than Barnums exhibit.
Sirenia is a type of plant-eating mammal like the manatee the dugong that only live in rivers, swamps, and in other large areas of water. Mariners used to call these animals mermaids.
Sirenomelia, also called "mermaid syndrome", is a rare disorder. It happens when a child is born with his or her legs grown together and little or no genitalia. This, however, is as rare as conjoined twins, and only happens to one out of every 100.000 live births. It is usually very bad for the kidney and bladder, and only about four survivors were known to be alive as of July 2003.
8. Mermaids in Thai folklore
In Thai folklore "Phra Abhai Manee" there is a beautiful mermaid named "Praphanpheloung". She is a beautiful lady who has tail instead of legs. The story told us about a charming prince who was taken by the giantess "Pisua Samudr" and lived together with her until they have a son named "Sin -Samudr". One day Sin Samudr went out of a cave and took a merman to his father who was locked in the cave. The merman knew the story well about a young prince so he want to help him and his son escape from the giantess. The story also mention about what mermaid look like. They are very beautiful with long black hair and pale skin. They love to sing and swim under the moon. Their eyes can be able to see in the dark but blur vision in the sun. Thai folklore "Phra Abhai Manee" was written by the famous poet named "Sunthornphu" because of the story happened near the shore so people placed his characters statues such as a giantess, the prince and a mermaid at Rayong, Thailand
9. Other websites
- Coney Island Mermaid Parade mermaids on parade
- "The Mermaid" by Heinz Insu Fenkl, from the mermaid-themed Summer 2003 issue of the Journal of Mythic Arts
- The mermaid goddess Derketo from Lucian of Samosatas On the Syrian God 2c. AD
- Mermaid History Archived 2002-10-29 at the Wayback Machine
- Israeli city offers reward for proof of mermaid presence on its shore
- 17th century pamphlet telling the story of an alleged sighting of a mermaid near Pendine, Wales, in 1603
- The Little Mermaid is a 28th movie and an 1989 American animated musical fantasy movie produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation. It is based on the fairy
- The Little Mermaid was an animated Disney television series. It was based on The Little Mermaid movie. The series was shown from September 11, 1992 to
- The Little Mermaid is a literary fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen. It was first published in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1837 in the third volume of
- The Little Mermaid II: Return to the Sea is a 2000 American direct - to - video animated musical fantasy movie. It was produced by Leslie Hough and David
- The Little Mermaid is a statue in Copenhagen, Denmark. It sits on a rock in the harbor. It was inspired by a performance of a ballet based on the fairy
- Mermaids is a 1990 American comedy - drama movie. It set during 1963 in Massachusetts. It is based on a novel of the same name. The movie stars Cher as Rachel
- December 2, 2017. The season began with the episodes Whirly Brains and Mermaid Pants. It ended with the episodes Feral Friends and Don t Wake Patrick
- Sirenomelia, also known as Mermaid Syndrome, is a very rare disorder in which the legs are stuck together, making them look like a mermaid s tail. This, however
- sirens were living on an island surrounded by rocks. sirens also have a mermaid form where they still sing but they hit the boat to sink it that way and
- which is tight along a person s body. The Mermaid line is similar to slender line. It looks like a mermaid A line looks like an A from the waist to
- began a dark, story telling type of manga - the Mermaid Saga, finished at 1994, with the story Mermaid s mask. It is thought to be unfinished because it
Ana Luisa Peluffo
Ana Luisa Peluffo is a Mexican actress. She has appeared in more than 200 movies and television shows since 1949. She starred in the 1977 movie Paper Flowers. She also appeared in the 1948 adventure movie Tarzan and the Mermaids.