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ⓘ Charente is a department in southwestern France, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It is named after the Charente river, the most important river in the departm ..




Charente
                                     

ⓘ Charente

Charente is a department in southwestern France, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.

It is named after the Charente river, the most important river in the department. The two largest towns of the department, Angoulême and Cognac, are along this river.

                                     

1. History

Charente is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created from the old province of Angoumois with lands around Angoulême.

The new department had six districts: Ruffec, Confolens, La Rochefoucauld, Angoulême, Barbezieux and Cognac. The capital now prefecture was Angoulême.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into five arrondissements: Angoulême, Barbezieux, Cognac, Confolens and Ruffec.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Barbezieux and Ruffec were eliminated.

                                     

2. Geography

Charente is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has an area of 5.956 km 2 2.300 sq mi.

The highest point of the department is Rocher aux Oiseaux, 368 m 1.207 ft high, in the commune of Montrollet; the lowest point is in the valley of the Charente river, commune of Merpins, and is 8 m 26 ft high.

The department is bordered by the departments: Deux-Sevres, Vienne, Haute-Vienne, Dordogne and Charente-Maritime.

The main river in the department is the Charente that gives its name to the department. Other rivers are the Dronne and the Vienne.

                                     

2.1. Geography Climate

The climate of Cognac is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb Marine West Coast Climate in the Koppen climate classification.

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Cognac is 777.2 mm 30.6 in. The month with the most precipitation on average is November with 86.4 mm 3.4 in of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 48.3 mm 1.9 in.

The average temperature for the year in Cognac is 13.3 °C 55.9 °F. The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 21.1 °C 70.0 °F. The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 6.1 °C 43.0 °F.

                                     

3. Administration

The department is managed by the Departmental Council of the Charente in Angoulême. Charente is part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements districts, 19 cantons and 383 communes municipalities in Charente.

The following is a list of the 19 cantons of the Charente department with their INSEE codes, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

                                     

4. Demographics

The inhabitants of Charente are known, in French, as Charentais women: Charentaises.

Charente has a population, in 2014, of 353.853, for a population density of 59.4 inhabitants/km 2. The arrondissement of Angoulême, with 197.377 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Cognac and Confolens, have respectively 92.224 and 64.252 inhabitants.

Evolution of the population in Charente-Maritime

The 10 main cities in the department are:

                                     
  • Charente - Maritime Saintongeais: Cherente - Marine is a department on the west coast of France in the Nouvelle - Aquitaine region. It is named after the Charente
  • that flows through the Nouvelle - Aquitaine region. Two departments, Charente and Charente - Maritime, are named after the river. It rises in the Massif Central
  • Charente can mean: Charente a French department in the Nouvelle - Aquitaine region, named after - Charente river a river in southwestern France. Charente - Maritime
  • France in the Charente department, Nouvelle - Aquitaine region, of which it is a subprefecture. The city of Cognac is along the Charente river, mainly on
  • The following is a list of the 404 communes of the Charente departement in France. CAA Communaute d agglomeration du Grand Angoulême, created in 2000
  • The following is a list of the 472 communes of the Charente - Maritime departement in France. CALR Communaute d agglomeration de La Rochelle, created in
  • Saintes is a French commune and historic town, a subprefecture in the Charente - Maritime department in southwestern France. It is in the Nouvelle - Aquitaine
  • There are 3 arrondissements in the Charente department. The French departments, and in other countries, are divided into arrondissements, which may be
  • There are 5 arrondissements in the Charente - Maritime department. The French departments, and in other countries, are divided into arrondissements, which