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ⓘ Jurassic Coast. The Jurassic Coast is a stretch of coast in south-west England. It is between Orcombe Point near Exmouth in East Devon and Old Harry Rocks near ..




Jurassic Coast
                                     

ⓘ Jurassic Coast

The Jurassic Coast is a stretch of coast in south-west England. It is between Orcombe Point near Exmouth in East Devon and Old Harry Rocks near Swanage in East Dorset. This is 96 miles long.

It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Its entire length can be walked on the South West Coast Path.

                                     

1. Major fossil finds

Some of the greatest fossil discoveries were made in this area.

  • The first pterosaur outside Germany
  • The first ichthyosaur skeleton
  • The first plesiosaur

These finds were by Mary Anning in the first part of the 19th century. This area was home to Mary, a collector who searched for fossils of the coastline around Lyme Regis and discovered several complete Ichthyosaur fossils.

                                     

2. Geology

The Jurassic Coast is made of Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous cliffs, spanning 185 million years of geological history.

The site contains a number of special features and shows different landforms, including the natural arch at Durdle Door, the cove and limestone folding at Lulworth Cove and an island, the Isle of Portland.

Chesil Beach or Chesil Bank is one of Englands three shingle gravel beaches. It is a barrier beach which runs parallel to the coastline and connects to Portland Bill see photo. Between the barrier and the regular coastline is a lagoon.

Golden Cap is the highest place on the south coast of England. It is 191 metres 627 ft high.

                                     

2.1. Geology Sequence of rocks

This section notes the main rocks found on the coast, starting with the lowest earliest.

                                     

3. Gateway towns

These are special towns that are related to the Jurassic Coast:

  • Budleigh Salterton
  • Lulworth
  • Charmouth - Charmouth Heritage Coast Centre
  • Abbotsbury
  • Exmouth
  • Seaton
  • West Bay
  • Lyme Regis
  • Bridport
  • Weymouth
  • Sidmouth
  • Swanage
                                     

4. Other websites

  • The South West Coast Path National Trail
  • Jurassic Coast official website Archived 2008-05-09 at the Wayback Machine
  • Jurassic Coast UNESCO World Heritage site datasheet