Back

ⓘ New Jersey is one of the 50 states of the United States of America. It is in the northeastern section of the country along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. It i ..




New Jersey
                                     

ⓘ New Jersey

New Jersey is one of the 50 states of the United States of America. It is in the northeastern section of the country along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. It is a small state, shaped like a letter, and bordered on the west by Pennsylvania and Delaware across the Delaware River, on the north by New York, on the northeast by the Hudson River and New York City, on the east and southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, and on the southwest by Delaware Bay.

The capital of New Jersey is Trenton and the largest city is Newark, though New Jersey is better known for bordering the large cities of New York City and Philadelphia. The state nickname is "The Garden State". The current governor is Phil Murphy.

New Jersey is the fourth smallest state, but has the eleventh highest number of people. It therefore has the highest population density number of people for the amount of land in the United States. New Jersey is also well known for its beaches, industries, swamps, and pine forests.

The climate is hot and humid summers and cold winters, with about 1200 mm of precipitation every year. The average temperature in July is 25-30 degrees Celsius and in January around freezing point.

                                     

1. History

Before Europeans came, the land that is now New Jersey was inhabited by the Lenape also known as Delaware Indians by the English, who were nomads, hunters, and farmers. The Dutch came to the northern area of the state in the 1630s, after Henry Hudson explored the area, thought it was a nice place, and claimed it for the Dutch. Towns quickly sprang up, occupied by the Dutch, Swedes, and Finns. People rushed in. The first towns, such as Bergen now Jersey City, Trenton the capitol, and Burlington developed. Many others started themselves upon the west bank of the Hudson. New Jersey was part of the area known at this time as New Netherland.

In 1664, the English took New Netherland from the Dutch and added it to their colonies. This part was renamed New Jersey after an island in the English Channel known as Jersey.

New Jersey took part in the American Revolutionary War, and was a scene of battles. On Christmas in 1776, George Washingtons army entered New Jersey to attack British soldiers at Trenton and Princeton. The American army won, in two small but famous battles that were important in boosting American morale.

Later, the rebels drove the British residents out of Princeton and for a time established a national capital there. New Jersey would be the third state to join the United States of America and the first to approve the Bill of Rights.

                                     
  • Woodbridge Township, New Jersey is a township in the U.S. state of New Jersey This short article about a place or feature in the United States can be
  • The New Jersey Turnpike is a toll road in New Jersey The road runs from near the Delaware Memorial Bridge in the southern part of the state northeast
  • Jersey City is a city in Hudson County in the U.S. state of New Jersey It is just across the Hudson River from New York City. This short article about
  • The New York and New Jersey Campaign was a series of battles between the British forces and the Continental Army that decided who would take control of
  • Montclair is a township in New Jersey It is known for its parks. Montclair about 6 sq mi and is located 12 miles outside of NYC. It is known for its diversity
  • called simply Parsippany pɑːrˈsɪpəni is a township in Morris County, New Jersey United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township s population
  • Robbinsville is a township in Mercer County, New Jersey As of the year 2000, 10, 275 people live in Robbinsville. The town was incorporated, or created
  • The Governor of New Jersey is the head of the executive branch of New Jersey s state government and the commander - in - chief of the state s military forces
  • New Jersey Caldwell Township, New Jersey Orange Township, New Jersey Bloomfield Township, New Jersey March 23, 1812 and Clinton Township, New Jersey
  • New Brunswick is a city in Middlesex County, New Jersey It is the county seat of Middlesex County. It is home to the main campus of Rutgers University
  • New Jersey Legislature is the legislative branch of the government of the U.S. state of New Jersey In its current form, as defined by the New Jersey