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ⓘ 1852. Year 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. It was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ..




                                     

ⓘ 1852

Year 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. It was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

                                     

1.1. Events January–March

  • March 20 – Uncle Toms Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe is published.
  • March 4 – Phi Mu Sorority is founded in Macon Georgia
  • February 15 – The Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits its first patient.
  • February 19 – The Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
  • March 2 – The first American steam fire engine was tested.
  • March 1 – Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton is made Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • February 3 – Battle of Caseros or Battle of Monte Caseros, Argentina
  • February 16 – The Studebaker Brothers Wagon Company is started.
  • January 14 – President Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte makes a new constitution for the French Second Republic.
  • February 25 – The HMS Birkenhead sinks near Cape Town, South Africa. Only 193 of the 643 on board survive.
  • January 17 – The United Kingdom recognizes the independence of the Transvaal.
  • February 11 – The first British public toilet for women opens in Bedford Street, London.
  • January 15 – Nine men from various Hebrew charitable organizations come together to form what will become the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City.
                                     

1.2. Events April–June

  • June 12 – Taiping Rebellion: Taiping forces enter Hunan.
  • April 1 – The Second Burmese War begins.
  • April 18 – Taiping Rebellion: Taiping forces begin the siege of Guilin.
  • May 19 – Taiping Rebellion: The siege of Guilin is lifted.
                                     

1.3. Events July–September

  • September 24 – French engineer Henri Giffard makes the first airship trip from Paris to Trappes.
  • July 4 – Frederick Douglass delivers his famous speech "The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro" in Rochester, New York.
  • July 28 – Henry Clay steamboat disaster in Riverdale, Bronx, with several deaths including Stephen Allen.
  • August 3 – The first Boat Race between Yale and Harvard, the first American intercollegiate athletic event, is held.
  • July 1 – United States statesman Henry Clay is the first to have the honor of lying in state in the United States Capitol rotunda.
                                     

1.4. Events October–December

  • November 21–November 22 – The New French Empire is confirmed
  • December 2 – Napoleon III becomes Emperor of the French.
  • December 29 – Taiping Rebellion: The Taiping army takes Hankou.
  • November 11 – The new Palace of Westminster opens in Britain.
  • November 4 – Count Cavour becomes the Piedmontese prime minister.
  • December 23 – Taiping Rebellion: The Taiping army takes Hanyang and begins the siege of Wuchang.
  • November 2 – U.S. presidential election, 1852: Democrat Franklin Pierce of New Hampshire defeats Whig Winfield Scott of Virginia.
                                     

1.5. Events Date unknown

  • Antioch College is started. Its first president is Horace Mann.
  • In Hawaii sugar planters bring over the first Chinese laborers on 3 or 5 year contracts.
  • Germans are encouraged to move to Chile
  • Justin Perkins, an American Presbyterian missionary, makes the first translation of the Bible in Assyrian Neo-Aramaic.
  • Gefs supposed birth
  • Loyola College is chartered in Baltimore, Maryland.
  • Mills College is started.
  • The Devils Island penal colony opens.
  • Leo Tolstoys first novel, Childhood, is published in book form.
                                     

2.1. Births January–June

  • April 22 – Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg d. 1912
  • May 4 – Alice Pleasance Liddell, inspiration for the childrens classic Alices Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll d. 1934
  • February 16 – Charles Taze Russell Pastor Russell, prominent Protestant reformer and evangelist d. 1916
  • April 13 – F.W. Woolworth, American merchant and businessman d. 1919
  • January 11 – Konstantin Fehrenbach, Chancellor of Germany d. 1926
  • January 8 – James Milton Carroll, Baptist pastor, leader, historian, and writer d. 1931
  • March 1 – Theophile Delcasse, French statesman d. 1923
  • May 31 – Julius Richard Petri, German scientist d. 1921
  • May 1 – Santiago Ramon y Cajal, Spanish histologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine d. 1934
  • June 25 – Antoni Gaudi, Spanish modernist architect d. 1926
  • April 1 – Edwin Austin Abbey, American painter d. 1911


                                     

2.2. Births July–December

  • July 12 – Hipolito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina d. 1933
  • August 23 – Climaco Calderon, President of Colombia d. 1913
  • September 12 – Herbert Henry Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom d. 1928
  • September 10 – Hans Niels Andersen, Danish businessman, founder of the East Asiatic Company d. 1937
  • September 15 – Edward Bouchet, American physicist d. 1918
  • Henri Moissan, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1907
  • September 28
  • August 30 – Jacobus Henricus van t Hoff, Dutch chemist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1911
  • John French, 1st Earl of Ypres, British general, commander of the British Expeditionary Force in World War I d. 1925
  • November 3 – Prince Mutsuhito of Japan, the future Emperor Meiji d. 1912
  • October 9 – Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1919
  • November 22 – Paul-Henri-Benjamin dEstournelles de Constant, French diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize d. 1924
  • November 11 – Franz Conrad von Hotzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal d. 1925
  • December 19 – Albert Abraham Michelson, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1931
  • December 21 – George Callaghan, British admiral d. 1920
  • October 2 – William Ramsay, Scottish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1916
  • November 26 – Yamamoto Gonnohyōe, the 16th and 22nd Prime Minister of Japan, an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy
  • November 1 – Eugene W. Chafin, American politician d. 1920
  • December 15 – Henri Becquerel, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1908
  • September 30 – Charles Villiers Stanford, Irish composer, resident in England d. 1924


                                     

3.1. Deaths January–June

  • January 6 – Louis Braille, French teacher of the blind and inventor of braille b. 1809
  • June 29 – Henry Clay, American statesman b. 1777
  • June 7 – Jose Joaquin Estudillo, second alcalde of Yerba Buena b. 1800
  • January 1 – John George Children, British chemist, mineralogist and zoologist b. 1777
  • April 17 – Etienne Maurice Gerard, Marshal of France and Prime Minister of France b. 1773
  • March 4 – Nikolai Gogol, Russian writer b. 1809
  • May 3 – Sara Coleridge, English writer and translator b. 1802
                                     

3.2. Deaths July–December

  • September 14
  • Augustus Pugin, English architect b. 1812
  • Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, British general and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom b. 1769
  • September 4 – William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist b. 1796
  • July 20 – Jose Antonio Estudillo, early California settler b. 1805
  • July 22 – Auguste Marmont, French marshal b. 1774
  • October 26 – Vincenzo Gioberti, Italian philosopher b. 1801
  • November 30 – Junius Brutus Booth, English-born actor b. 1796
  • November 29 – Nicolae Balcescu, Wallachian revolutionary b. 1819
  • October 25 – John C. Clark, American politician b. 1793
  • November 27 – Augusta Ada King nee Byron, Countess of Lovelace, early English computer pioneer b. 1815
  • October 13 – John Lloyd Stephens, American traveler, diplomat and Mayanist archaeologist b. 1805
  • November 2 – Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian military hero b. 1782
  • December 16 – Andries Hendrik Potgieter, Voortrekker leader b. 1792
  • October 24 – Daniel Webster, American statesman b. 1782
  • September 20 – Philander Chase, American founder of Kenyon College b. 1775