ⓘ Epilepsy is a chronic condition of the brain. It is characterized by seizures that do not seem to have an obvious cause. To the outside viewer, these seizures s ..


ⓘ Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a chronic condition of the brain. It is characterized by seizures that do not seem to have an obvious cause. To the outside viewer, these seizures show as episodes of heavy shaking. Depending on the seizure, the shaking may be short and difficult to detect or it may be longer.

People with epilepsy are sometimes called epileptic, but it is the fit or seizure that is "epileptic".

Many people have died from seizures.


1. Different forms

There are many different forms of seizures, and there are also many different forms of epilepsy. Most forms of epilepsy cannot be cured. In most cases, drugs can make life easier for those suffering from it. In very few cases, which are difficult to treat, surgery may help. In some cases, only eating special things called a diet may help. A special diet has been developed; it is called Ketogenic diet. When it was developed, it was mainly used to treat certain children with epilepsy, before good drugs became available. Today, it is used to treat certain cases where drugs do not seem to help.

Certain forms of the disease disappear after a time, they do for example only occur in childhood. Epilepsy is not one condition. Rather, it stands for a number of health problems that all show in the same ways.


2. Occurrence

The condition is very common; about one percent of people worldwide 65 million have epilepsy. Nearly eighty percent of all cases occur in developing countries. Epilepsy becomes more common as people age. In the developed world, onset of new cases occurs most frequently in infants and the elderly. In the developing world this is in older children and young adults. Between five and ten percent of all people will have an unprovoked seizure by the age of eighty. The chance of having a second seizure is between forty and fifty percent.


3. Common things

The condition has many forms, but generally the following is true:

  • People are tired after a seizure. They may be confused.
  • Reflexes do not work while people are having a seizure; they may also stop breathing.
  • People lose control over their body. Feces may be released in the process. They may fall to the floor and hurt themselves when they are standing or walking.
  • Most seizures only last a short time, the exception to this is called status epilepticus. Such a status epilepticus can last over five minutes.
  • People get muscular seizures or convulsions.
  • Epilepsy is not a mental illness.
  • People may become unconscious.
  • In some cases, people may sense that a seizure is about to occur. This special feeling is called aura. Afterwards, people may remember the aura, but not the seizure itself.
  • Those affected are not aware of the seizure going on. People do not remember or know what happened to them.


4. Treatment

The condition is very common, and has been studied a lot. There are drugs for many forms of epilepsy that make life better for those affected. Doctors only say someone has epilepsy, if that person has had at least two seizures, for which the immediate cause cannot be seen. There are also seizures which are not caused by epilepsy.

In most cases, epilepsy is caused by scars in the brain. Some forms of the condition are caused by genetic disorders, which may be passed on from the parents to the children. Very often, the actual cause for an epileptic seizure is lack of sleep, too much alcohol, or other things that cause stress.

Many countries in the world say there are special rules for people who have epilepsy. They need to be without a seizure for some time before they may drive a car. They also need to take drugs to treat their illness. In many countries, such people may not drive buses, taxis or trucks.


5. Problems

People having an epileptic seizure face a number of problems. The most common ones are:

  • They produce an accident during the seizure. This includes falling off a ladder, car accidents, and drowning while swimming.
  • In some cases, people stop breathing. In such cases, the brain will be damaged, if the seizure lasts for a longer time, or there are multiple such seizures in a row.
  • They hurt themselves during the seizure. This includes broken bones, and wounds resulting from biting or hitting an object.
  • During the seizure, neurotransmitters are released in the brain. If their concentration is too high, the brain will take damage.

6. Risk factors

In many cases, risky behaviour can provoke seizures. Such risk factors include

  • Alcohol, and other drugs
  • Stress
  • Lack of sleep

In many cases,a person who is able to cope with stress, who sleeps enough, and who does not drink too much can reduce the risk of having a seizure.

  • damage or death. Certain types of seizures point to a disorder called epilepsy where the nerves do not work as they should. They carry the wrong messages
  • of neurobiology, which is the scientific study of the nervous system. Epilepsy Shingles Dementia Autism BrainTalk Support Groups for all Neurological
  • for such people. Barbiturates were once used as a primary treatment for Epilepsy this is especially true for the substance called Phenobarbitol or Phenobarbitone
  • claim of epilepsy is countered among some medical historians by a claim of hypoglycemia. This can cause seizures which are a bit like epilepsy In 2003
  • drug that is used to treat seizures which are commmonly associated with epilepsy For this reason, they are also known as antiepileptic drugs or anti - seizure
  • 2018 while in hospice care in Chicago, Illinois of complications from epilepsy and lung and throat cancer at the age of 77. John Mahoney Martin Crane
  • he was being treated The ongoing condition was later determined to be epilepsy Cameron Boyce, Disney Channel Star, Dies at 20 The New York Times.
  • neuropsychiatrist and neurophysiologist. He is known for his studies of epilepsy and end - of - life phenomena. Fenwick is a senior lecturer at King s College
  • 22 years. Brown was diagnosed with epilepsy at the age of 19 and is now an ambassador for the charity Young Epilepsy Philip Martin Brown on IMDb This