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ⓘ W.D. Hamilton. William Donald Hamilton FRS was an English evolutionary biologist whom Richard Dawkins praised as one of the greatest evolutionary theorists of t ..




                                     

ⓘ W.D. Hamilton

William Donald Hamilton FRS was an English evolutionary biologist whom Richard Dawkins praised as one of the greatest evolutionary theorists of the 20th century.

Hamilton became famous through his theoretical work on kin selection and altruism. He explained its genetic basis, and this was a key part of the gene-centered view of evolution. In doing this, he became one of the forerunners of sociobiology, as popularized by E.O. Wilson. Hamilton was certainly a big influence on Dawkins. He also published important work on sex ratios and the evolution of sex. From 1984 to his death in 2000, he was the Royal Society Research Professor at Oxford University. He died of malaria contracted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

                                     

1. Hamiltons equation

Hamiltons equation describes whether or not a gene for altruistic behaviour will spread in a population. The gene will spread if r x b is greater than c:

r b > c {\displaystyle rb> c\ }

where:

  • c {\displaystyle c\ } is the reproductive cost to the altruist,
  • b {\displaystyle b\ } is the reproductive benefit to the recipient of the altruistic behavior, and
  • r {\displaystyle r\ } is the probability, above the population average, of the individuals sharing an altruistic gene – the "degree of relatedness".
                                     

2. Collected papers

Hamilton started to publish his collected papers starting in 1996, with short essays giving each paper context. He died after the preparation of the second volume, so the commentaries for the third volume came from his coauthors.

  • Hamilton, W.D. 2001. Narrow Roads of Gene Land: Volume 2: Evolution of Sex. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-850336-1.
  • Hamilton, W.D. 2005. Narrow Roads of Gene Land: Volume 1: Evolution of Social Behaviour. Oxford University Press on Demand. ISBN 978-0-7167-4530-3.
  • Hamilton, W.D. 2005. Narrow Roads of Gene Land - The Collected Papers of W.D. Hamilton: Volume 3 - Last Words. Oxford University Press on Demand. ISBN 0-19-856690-5.
                                     
  • British artist Richard Hamilton basketball American basketball player W D Hamilton British evolutionary biologist Emil Hamilton fictional Superman
  • were by R.A. Fisher in 1930, and J.B.S. Haldane in 1955, but it was W D Hamilton who truly formalized the concept. The actual term kin selection was
  • placed in the family Palaeomerycidae, then in Giraffidae. In 1978, W D Hamilton made a new family, placing it near Giraffidae in the superfamily Giraffoidea
  • Sir Lewis Carl Davidson Hamilton MBE born 7 January 1985 in Stevenage, Hertfordshire, England is a British Formula One racing driver, currently racing
  • Piranhas USA 1995 - Northern Virginia Majestics USA 1999 - Hamilton FC Rage CAN 2011 - Hamilton Avalanche 2006 - 2010 Laval Comets CAN 2006 - London Gryphons
  • in D minor but written as C minor. Thomas Busby 1840 D Flat Minor A dictionary of three thousand musical terms. revised by J.A. Hamilton London:
  • Hamilton is a city in and the county seat of Hamilton County, Texas, United States, in the state s central region. The population was 3, 095 at the 2010
  • Murray Hamilton Morgan Freeman, and features Nicolas Cage is an uncredited role. It was distributed by 20th Century Fox with the screenplay by W D Richter
  • The most widely accepted model to explain eusociality is based on W D Hamilton s idea of inclusive fitness. Haplodiploidy determines the sex in all
  • Hamilton Township is a township in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States Quality of Life Archived 2018 - 03 - 22 at the Wayback Machine, Hamilton Township