ⓘ Pichilemu is a city and commune of the central zone of Chile. It is the capital of the Province of Cardenal Caro. The beach of Pichilemu is called one of the be ..


ⓘ Pichilemu

Pichilemu is a city and commune of the central zone of Chile. It is the capital of the Province of Cardenal Caro.

The beach of Pichilemu is called one of the best beaches in the world for surfing. The most famous beach in Pichilemu is Punta de Lobos, where competitions are often held. The city has become a beach resort.


1. History

Promoucaes were the first people that populated Pichilemu. They were hunter gatherers and fishermen.

In 1887, President Jose Manuel Balmaceda decreed Pichilemu as a minor dock.

Jose Toribio Medina did his first archeological investigations in Pichilemu, and he published in 1908 Los Restos Indigenas de Pichilemu. He said there that Pedro de Valdivia gave land in what is now central Chile to Juan Gomez de Almagro on February 24, 1544. Pichilemu was between the areas of the Palloquierbico, Topocalma, and Gulaquien.

The name Pichilemu comes from the Mapudungun words pichi little and lemu forest.

Some of the first land owners of Pichilemu were the Ortuzar family. Daniel Ortuzar is known as one of the founders of the original village of Pichilemu. The family of Ortuzar Cuevas, from the San Antonio de Petrel Hacienda, made a mid-century maritime dock which was as a fishing port for some years. They also built homes along the dock on what is now Ortuzar Avenue. More recently, other large land owners are Pedro Pavez Polanco and the Hacienda of San Antonio de Petrel. In 1891, during the Chilean Civil War, Daniel Ortuzar and the priest of Alcones were taken prisoners from Pichilemu through the dock. During the war, the dock was burned down. After the civil war, Pichilemu got its formal name and status. President Jorge Montt and his Minister, Manuel Jose Irarrazabal, the city was officially established on December 22, 1891.

Pichilemu has become the historic capital of the province called Cardenal Caro which is named for the first Chilean Catholic Church Cardinal. His father was the first mayor in the city.

Agustin Ross Edwards was a Chilean writer, Member of Parliament, minister and politician. Ross was very rich and based on his European background, he bought a 300-hectare piece of land and named it La Posada English: The Inn, or Petren Fund, in 1885. Ross designed an urban place of high environmental value and landscape, turning La Posada into a hotel, and building a casino, embankments, stone walls, a balcony facing the beach. Additionally, he built a park and a forest of more than 10 hectares. Agustin Ross turned Pichilemu into a summer resort town for the people from Santiago. Some of his buildings were named National Monuments.


2. Geography and climate

Pichilemu is located 126 kilometres 78 mi west of San Fernando, Chile and just east of the Pacific Ocean. It is around a three-hour drive to the Andes Mountains. It is also near the coastal mountain range.

Even though most of the forest areas around Pichilemu are covered in Pine and Eucalyptus trees, a native forest now Municipal Forest is still there It contains species such as Litres, Quillayes, Boldos, Espinos and Peumos.

Pichilemu borders Litueche to the north, Paredones to the south, Marchigue and Pumanque to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.


3. Demographics

In the 17th century, Pichilemu had 1.468 inhabitants. In 1787, Pichilemu had 1.688 inhabitants. In 1907, Pichilemu had 7.787 inhabitants. However, the citys population progressively decreased; in 1920, it was 7.424; in 1930, it was 6.929, and in 1940, it was 6.570. In 1952, the citys population increased to 7.150 inhabitants; in 1992, that figure had increased to 10.510. As of the 2002 census, 12.392 people live in the town. The census recorded that 9.459 people 76.3% are from urban places of the city, and 2.933 people 23.7% are from rural places of the city, there are 6.440 52.0% men and 5.952 48.0% women. The area of Pichilemu is 9.70 square kilometres 3.75 sq mi. According to the CASEN 2002 census, 544 inhabitants 4.4% of the population of Pichilemu live in extreme poverty compared to the average in the greater Region of OHiggins of 4.5%, and 1.946 inhabitants 15.7% live in mild poverty, compared to the regional average of 16.1%.


4. Government and politics

Pichilemu, along with the communes of Placilla, Nancagua, Chepica, Santa Cruz, Pumanque, Palmilla, Peralillo, Navidad, Lolol, Litueche, La Estrella, Chile, Marchihue and Paredones, is part of the Electoral District N° 35 and belongs to the 9th Senatorial Constituency OHiggins of the electoral division of Chile.

The current Mayor of Pichilemu is Roberto Cordova. The last popularly-elected mayor was Marcelo Cabrera, elected in 2008 with 42.08% of the vote, who served from May 2009 to August 2009 due to legal action. The municipal council selected Cordova as the new mayor on September 9, 2009, almost a year after the municipal elections. The current councilors are Aldo Polanco Contreras, Andrea Aranda Escudero, Viviana Parraguez Ulloa, Juan Cornejo Vargas and Marta Urzua Pua.


5. Surfing

Surfing is one of the tourist attractions, particularly at Punta de Lobos. According to travel guide Fodors,

), which is found in front of the Ross Park. It is known for good surfing.

Las Terrazas Beach Spanish: Playa Las Terrazas is the busiest beach during the summer. Many surf schools, Ola Perfecta and Lobos del Pacifico, are found near the beach, as is the Caleta de Pescadores English: Fisherman Creek, where fisherman sell their fish. found at the south of the town and around the other side of the Puntilla, the Infiernillo Beach is found. It is used for fishing. At the south of Infiernillo, Playa Hermosa is found, which is great for walking and fishing.

Further south, 6 kilometres 3.7 mi from Pichilemu, Punta de Lobos is found.It is an increasingly popular destination for tourists and specially for surfers. Several surf contests are held there, including an international big-wave contest during the Chilean fall. The size of waves varies throughout the year, but large swells in fall and winter can reach heights of up to 50 feet 15 metres. It is widely considered one of the best beaches for surfing worldwide.

  • 6.9 earthquake occurred on March 11, 2010, 40 kilometers southwest of Pichilemu O Higgins Region, Chile A tsunami warning was made by the Pacific Tsunami
  • October 1921 - 24 November 2009 was a famous writer and historian from Pichilemu mostly known for his books on the history of the city. Arraño was one
  • Jorge Vargas Gonzalez Pichilemu February 8, 1967 is a Chilean politician, singer, composer. He was the mayor of Pichilemu from 1997 to 2007, when he
  • casino building. It is in Agustin Ross Avenue, in front of Ross Park, in Pichilemu Chile. The building was built in the late 1800s. In 1906 the first Chilean
  • plenipotenciary minister in Great Britain in February 1892. Ross went to Pichilemu circa 1890, and he bought some areas in the town. In San Fernando, in
  • Navegantes Neighborhood is a residential neighbourhood in the south - east of Pichilemu Chile. It is located near the Municipal Stadium and La Cruz Hill. Los
  • The Ross Park is an old hotel in the Chilean city of Pichilemu It was created by Agustin Ross Edwards in 1885, and remodeled in December 1987. The park
  • 41, 160 inhabitants. It has a surface of 3.295, 07 km². Its capital is Pichilemu main turistic place of the region during the summer months. In the past
  • state - subsidized primary and secondary school in the coastal town of Pichilemu It is also known by the name Preciosa Sangre. The school ranks first
  • earthquake on 27 February 2010 off the coast of Maule 2010 Pichilemu earthquake, the 6.9 magnitude earthquake on 11 March 2010 on the coast of Pichilemu
  • is a park in Agustin Ross Avenue, in front of the old Ross Casino, in Pichilemu It is a National Monument of Chile. The original park boasts 100 - year - old
  • Cahuil is a Chilean village. It is 15 kilometers south of Pichilemu in the outfall of the Nilahue lake, in the Region of O Higgins. Cahuil means in Mapudungun