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ⓘ Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia. Victor Amadeus II was Duke of Savoy from 1675 to 1730. He also held the titles of Marquis of Saluzzo, Duke of Montferrat, Prince ..




Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
                                     

ⓘ Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia

Victor Amadeus II was Duke of Savoy from 1675 to 1730. He also held the titles of Marquis of Saluzzo, Duke of Montferrat, Prince of Piedmont, Count of Aosta, Moriana and Nizza.

                                     

1. Biography

He was the only child born to Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy and Marie Jeanne of Savoy. At his fathers death in 1675, his mother took over a regency in the name of her nine year old son and would remain in de facto power till 1684 when Victor Amadeus banished her further involvement in the state. Louis XIV organised his marriage to Anne Marie dOrleans in order to maintain French influence in the Duchy but Victor Amadeus soon broke away from the influence of France. Anne Marie was a devoted wife but Victor Amadeus did not love her.

Having fought in the War of the Spanish Succession, he became king of Sicily in 1713 but he was forced to exchange this title and instead became king of Sardinia to which his direct descendants claim as part of the Kingdom of Italy. He abdicated in 1730 and the crown was inherited by his son Charles Emmanuel III. Victor Amadeus left a considerable cultural influence in Turin remodelling the Royal Palace of Turin, Palace of Venaria, Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi as well as building the Basilica of Superga where he rests.

                                     

2. Family and issue

His distant relationship with his mother was always strained and has been blamed on her ambition to keep power to herself. Marie Jeanne spent most of her time relegated to state business which she enjoyed and had little time for her only child whom she kept under close supervision in order to make sure he would try to assume power. Anne Marie gave her husband six children but also had two stillbirths of each gender one in 1691 and again in 1697. Three of these children would go on to have further progeny including the eldest Maria Adelaide who was the mother of Louis XV of France. His second daughter Maria Luisa known in the family as Louison would marry Philip V of Spain in 1701 and was also regent of Spain for various periods. These two marriages were tactics used by Louis XIV to keep Victor Amadeus close to France prior to the War of the Spanish Succession.

Anne Marie would remain a devoted wife. She quietly accepted his extramarital affairs the longest one being with the famed beauty Jeanne Baptiste dAlbert by whom he had two children. Jeanne Baptiste was his mistress for eleven years and eventually fled Savoy due to Victor Amadeus obsession with her. Victor Amadeus subsequently had his daughter including the future Maria Vittoria marry the Prince of Carignan from which the present Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples is a direct descendant. His favourite child was Victor Amadeus born in 1699 and given the title Prince of Piedmont as heir apparent. At the death of the Prince of Piedmont in 1715 from smallpox Victor Amadeus II was very upset. His devoted wife Anne Marie died in 1728 after a series of heart attacks.

His relationship with his younger son and eventual successor Charles Emmanuel was a cold one and the two were never close. Victor Amadeus organised the first two marriages of Charles Emmanuel the first one being to Anne Christine of Sulzbach, daughter of the Count Palatine of Sulzbach which produced a son which died in infancy. The second marriage was to Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg a first cousin of Anne Christine and mother of six children including the future Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia.

                                     

2.1. Family and issue Legitimate issue

  • Maria Anna of Savoy 1687–1690;
  • Emanuele Philibert of Savoy 1705-1705 died in infancy.
  • Charles Emmanuel of Savoy 1701–1773; the next Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia.
  • Maria Luisa of Savoy 1688–1714 married Philip V of Spain and had issue;
  • Maria Adelaide of Savoy 1685–1712; married Louis, Duke of Burgundy and had issue;
  • Victor Amadeus of Savoy 1699–1715 died unmarried;
                                     

2.2. Family and issue Illegitimate issue

  • Maria Vittoria of Savoy 1690–1766 married Victor Amadeus, Prince of Carignan and had issue;
  • Vittorio Francesco of Savoy 1694–1762 married Maria Lucrezia Franchi di Pont, had no issue.
                                     

3. Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 24 August 1720–3 September 1730 His Majesty the King of Sardinia
  • 3 September 1730–31 October 1732 His Majesty King Victor Amadeus
  • 12 June 1675–June 1689 His Highness the Duke of Savoy
  • 22 September 1713–24 August 1720 His Majesty the King of Sicily
  • 14 May 1666–12 June 1675 His Highness the Prince of Piedmont
  • June 1689–22 September 1713 His Royal Highness the Duke of Savoy
                                     
  • viceroys. Philip V of Spain ruled over the vast Spanish Empire including Sardinia Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia first of the House of Savoy to rule the
  • 18 November 1736 was a French noblewoman and the mistress of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia Anna Maria Angelica Scaglia 1684 1745 abbess. Vittorio
  • was a niece of Louis XIV and was the wife of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia She was the mother - in - law of Philip V of Spain and the Dauphin of France. She
  • Emmanuel II Duke of Savoy in 1665 who was her second cousin once removed. The mother of the future Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia who saw the elevation of the
  • he was the second son of King Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonia of Spain. From birth he was known as the Duke of Aosta. His older brother
  • III of Sardinia Polyxena was born at Langenschwalbach in Hesse and was baptised with the names Polyxena Christina Johanna King Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
  • Victor Amadeus II of Savoy, future King of Sicily and later Sardinia married Anne Marie d Orleans and had issue. Charles Emmanuel II also had a number of illegitimate
  • 1773 was the Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia from 1730 until his death. He was born a Prince of Savoy in Turin to Victor Amadeus II of Savoy and Anne
  • minority of her son the future Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia from 1675 - 1680. Victor Amadeus Prince of Piedmont, Regent of the duchy in his fathers place
  • Victor Amadeus of Savoy Vittorio Amedeo Filippo Giuseppe 6 May 1699 22 March 1715 was the eldest son of Victor Amadeus II Duke of Savoy and Anne