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ⓘ Hendrik Lorentz. Hendrik Antoon Lorentz was a Dutch physicist. In 1902, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics together with Pieter Zeeman for the discovery ..




Hendrik Lorentz
                                     

ⓘ Hendrik Lorentz

Hendrik Antoon Lorentz was a Dutch physicist. In 1902, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics together with Pieter Zeeman for the discovery and theoretical explanation of the Zeeman effect. He also derived the transformation equations that were later used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time.

                                     

1. Biography

Early life

Hendrik Lorentz was born in Arnhem, Gelderland The Netherlands, the son of Gerrit Frederik Lorentz 1822–1893. In 1862, after his mothers death, his father married Luberta Hupkes.

Lorentz and special relativity

In 1905, Einstein would use many of the concepts to write his paper entitled "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies", known today as the theory of special relativity. Because Lorentz laid the fundamentals for the work by Einstein, this theory was originally called the Lorentz-Einstein theory.

Lorentz and general relativity

Lorentz was one of few scientists who supported Einsteins search for general relativity from the beginning – he wrote several research papers and discussed with Einstein personally and by letter. For instance, he attempted to combine Einsteins formalism with Hamiltons principle 1915.

Death

In January 1928, Lorentz became seriously ill, and died shortly after on February 4.

                                     
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  • discovery of the remarkable rays subsequently named after him 1902 Hendrik Lorentz Netherlands in recognition of the extraordinary service they rendered