ⓘ Fax, or telecopying, is the transmission of scanned printed material, to a telephone number connected to a printer or other output device. The original document ..


ⓘ Fax

Fax, or telecopying, is the transmission of scanned printed material, to a telephone number connected to a printer or other output device.

The original document is scanned with a fax machine or a telecopier, which turns the contents text or images into a bitmap, Then the bitmap is sent through the telephone system. The receiving fax machine reconverts the coded image, printing a paper copy.

Businesses usually have some kind of fax system, but the technology has faced increasing competition from Internet-based methods. Fax machines still retain some advantages, particularly in the transmission of sensitive material which, if sent over the internet, may be intercepted. However, encryption a secret coding system can make internet messages secure.

In some countries, because electronic signatures on contracts are not recognized by law while faxed contracts with copies of signatures are, fax machines enjoy continuing support in business.

In many businesses, standalone fax machines have been replaced by fax servers which receive and store incoming faxes electronically. The servers route them to users on paper or via a secure email. Such systems reduce costs by eliminating unnecessary printouts and reducing the number of inbound phone lines needed by an office.


1.1. History Wire transmission

Scottish inventor Alexander Bain worked on chemical mechanical fax type devices and in 1846 was able to reproduce graphic signs in laboratory experiments. He received the first fax patent in 1843. Frederick Bakewell made several improvements on Bains design and demonstrated a telefax machine. The Pantelegraph was invented by the Italian physicist Giovanni Caselli He introduced the first commercial telefax service between Paris and Lyons in 1865, some 11 years before the invention of telephones.

In 1881, English inventor Shelford Bidwell constructed the scanning phototelegraph that was the first telefax machine to scan any two-dimensional original, not requiring manual plotting or drawing. Around 1900, German physicist Arthur Korn invented the Bildtelegraph. It became widely used in continental Europe after a wanted-person photograph was transmitted from Paris to London in 1908. Its main competitors were the Belinograf by Edouard Belin first, then since the 1930s the Hellschreiber, invented in 1929 by German inventor Rudolf Hell, a pioneer in mechanical image scanning and transmission.

Transmission by landline was replaced by radiotransmission, and from 1960 by satellite transmission. Digital systems are now universal. Faster, more efficient and cheaper fax machines have allowed even small companies to own a fax machine. The technology is now world-wide.

  • Using VOIP will reduce costs, as the dedicated line for telephony and fax is no longer needed. There are a number of technical problems that must
  • a process which makes paper copies of documents and other visual images Fax a telecommunications machine used to transfer copies of documents over the
  • detection or pattern recognition In newspaper printing In laser printers, and fax machines This short article about technology can be made longer. You can
  • Miller, Rich October 28, 2017 It s an Ives - Morthland ticket Capitol Fax Retrieved October 28, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter link Pearson
  • population has been reduced from 1 563 to 968. The locality is located near the Fax River circa 70 kilometers northwest of the town of Sollefteå. Tatorternas
  • usual setup has two such data channels. That way, it is possible to send a fax through one channel while doing a phone call over the other channel, for
  • known as switchgear She designed an eighteen - inch, full newspaper size fax machine with superior resolution. Webb co - founded Webb Consulting Company
  • Suite 800Washington Inquiries, DC 20036USA202 - 419 - 4300 Main202 - 857 - 8562 Fax 202 - 419 - 4372 Media. After 200 years, Native Hawaiians make a comeback
  • Miller, Rich August 9, 2017 Pritzker to pick Rep. Stratton Capitol Fax Springfield, Illinois. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved
  • new heat into its veins. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter link FAS - FAX Report: Circulation Averages for the Six Months Ended March 31, 2012 Arlington