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ⓘ Ouro Preto is a town in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. It is at the geographic coordinates 20°17′15″S 43°30′29″W. It is at an altitude of 1116 meters on the ..




Ouro Preto
                                     

ⓘ Ouro Preto

Ouro Preto is a town in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. It is at the geographic coordinates 20°17′15″S 43°30′29″W. It is at an altitude of 1116 meters on the slope of a rocky hill. In 2010, there were about 70.227 people living there.

                                     

1. History

Ouro Preto had a lot of gold in the ground. The gold was taken by Portuguese colonists, who used slave labor.

Ouro Preto was founded in 1711 by combining several villages. In the same year it became the headquarters of the village council, with the appointment of Vila Rica Villa Rica. In the year 1720, Ouro Preto was chosen as the new capital of Minas Gerais. In 1823, the town was upgraded to being a city as the designation of Ouro Preto. In 1839 he created the School of Pharmacy and in 1876 the School of Mines. It was the capital of the province and later the state of Minas Gerais until 1897.

It was the first Brazilian city to be declared by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Historical and Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 1980.

                                     

2. Geography

Climate

Ouro Preto has a humid subtropical climate Cwa, according to the Koppen climate classification, with warm and humid summers and mild, dry winters.

Vegetation

Ouro Preto has rocky fields, woods of Araucaria Pinhais, and forests. Most plant life in Ouro Preto is brushland.

                                     

2.1. Geography Important Data

Population: Data from the 2010 Census IBGE

  • Rural area: 9.985
  • Urban area: 56.293
  • HDI: 0.788 Medium
  • Rivers: sources for the Velhas, Piracicaba, Gualaxo do Norte, Gualaxo do Sul, Mainart e Ribeirão Funil.
  • Area of the municipality: 1.245 km²
  • The city has twelve districts: Amarantina, Antonio Pereira, Cachoeira do Campo, Engenheiro Correia, Glaura, Lavras Novas, Miguel Burnier, Santa Rita, Santo Antonio do Leite, Santo Antonio do Salto, São Bartolomeu and Rodrigo Silva.
  • Per Capita Income: R$23.622 US$13.544.73
  • Temperature: between 6 and 28 degrees Celsius. In June and July the temperature can reach -2 degrees Celsius.
  • Resident population: 70.227 2010 Census
  • Average elevation: 1.116 m. The highest point is Pico de Itacolomi with 1.722 meters.
                                     

2.2. Geography Climate

Ouro Preto has a humid subtropical climate Cwa, according to the Koppen climate classification, with warm and humid summers and mild, dry winters.

                                     

2.3. Geography Vegetation

Ouro Preto has rocky fields, woods of Araucaria Pinhais, and forests. Most plant life in Ouro Preto is brushland.

                                     

3. Other websites

  • Live Cameras from Ouro Preto, 360° Photos, Panoramic Views Archived 2010-11-10 at the Wayback Machine
  • CityMayors feature
  • Satellite view of the historical center at Google Maps
  • Portal de Ouro Preto
  • Guide of the historic city of Ouro Preto
                                     
  • River Orobo River Ouricuri River Ouro River Do Ouro River Do Ouro River Do Ouro River Do Ouro River Do Ouro River Ouro Preto River Oiapoque River Pacaas Novos
  • Urubamba Valley, Peru Moais, Eastern Island, Chile Historic Town of Ouro Preto Minas Gerais State, Brazil Panama Canal, Panama Tikal, Department of
  • Missões, Rio Grande do Sul São Jose do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul São Jose do Ouro Rio Grande do Sul São Jose das Palmeiras, Parana São Jose do Peixe, Piaui