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ⓘ Morgans canon is a rule relating to animal behaviour, which states that it should be explained as simply as possible. It is named after British psychologist C. ..




Morgans canon
                                     

ⓘ Morgans canon

Morgans canon is a rule relating to animal behaviour, which states that it should be explained as simply as possible. It is named after British psychologist C. Lloyd Morgan. His idea was that people should only consider behaviour as, for example, rational, purposive or affectionate, if there is no other explanation possible.

"In no case is an animal activity to be interpreted in terms of higher psychological processes if it can be fairly interpreted in terms of processes which stand lower in the scale of psychological evolution and development".

Morgan saw that much insight and apparent problem-solving behaviour could be described using trial and error learning. A famous example is the skilful way in which Morgans terrier Tony opened the garden gate, easily taken by someone seeing the final behaviour as an insightful act. Morgan, however, had watched and recorded the series of approximations by which the dog had gradually learned the response, and could demonstrate that no insight was required to explain it.

Morgans Canon is a forerunner of behaviourism.

                                     
  • Morgan s canon which is a specialised form of Occam s razor. His idea played a role in the later growth of behaviourism in psychology. Lloyd Morgan
  • was devised by C. Lloyd Morgan after trying out similar phrases trial and failure and trial and practice Under Morgan s canon animal behaviour should
  • zebras Common sense KISS principle Philosophy of science Rationalism Morgan s canon Ockham s razor Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Retrieved 12 June 2010
  • of surgery used to treat cancer was written about in the 1020s. In The Canon of Medicine, Avicenna Ibn Sina said that treatment should involve cutting
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