Back

ⓘ Rani Lakshmibai. Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi was an Indian queen and warrior. She was one of the greatest leaders of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and, became ..




Rani Lakshmibai
                                     

ⓘ Rani Lakshmibai

Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi was an Indian queen and warrior.

She was one of the greatest leaders of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and, became for Indian nationalists a symbol of resistance to British rule in India.

                                     

1. Life

Manikarnika was born into a Maratha family. She was married to Raja Gangadhar Rao, the Maharaja of Jhansi, in 1842, and became the Rani of Jhansi. After her marriage, Manikarnika became Lakshmibai, named in honour of the goddess Lakshmi. Before her marriage, she was known as Chabeeli meaning "jolly ways". In September 1851, Rani Lakshmibai had a son, Damodar Rao. He died at the age of four months. On the day before the Rajas death in November 1853, he adopted his cousins child. His name was Anand Rao but, was renamed Damodar Rao, after their actual son. The Raja wrote a letter to the British government of India requesting that his widow should be recognised as the ruler of Jhansi after his death during her lifetime. After the death of her husband the head of the British government refused to allow her adopted son to become raja and Jhansi was ruled by the British. This was done by the "Doctrine of lapse" - if an Indian ruler died without a male child his adopted son would not succeed him; but the personal property of that king goes to his adopted son.

After all the British in Jhansi had been killed by Indian troops in June 1857 the Rani took over the administration provisionally until the British returned. She had to form an army to defeat the invading forces of Orchha and Datia. In March 1858, British forces led by Sir Hugh Rose came to Jhansi to take back the city from the Rani who now wanted independence. Jhansi was besieged and taken after strong resistance. Many of the people of the city were killed in the fighting and afterwards. The Rani escaped to Kalpi and jointly with the Maratha general Tantya Tope then seized Gwalior. In the battle of Kotah ki Serai in which their army was defeated Rani Lakshmibai was wounded and died on 18th June 1858.

                                     

2. More information

  • Edwardes, Michael 1975 Red Year: the Indian Rebellion of 1857. London: Sphere; pp. 111-126
  • Meyer, Karl E. & Brysac, Shareen Blair 1999 Tournament of Shadows. Washington, DC: Counterpoint; pp. 138-145
                                     
  • by British forces in 1858 during the Indian Rebellion of 1857is Rani Lakshmibai Official website This short article about Asia can be made longer.
  • continually inhabited cities in the world along with Damascus. Rani Lakshmibai the Rani of Jhansi from 1842 to 6 18 1858, an Indian queen and charismatic
  • Saheb, his nephew Rao Saheb, and his retainers, Tantia Tope and Rani Lakshmibai the Rani of Jhansi Kunwar Singh the Rajput chief of Jagadishpur in Bihar
  • Conolly, British traveler, military and diplomat b. 1807 1858 Rani Lakshmibai Indian political figure b. 1828 1866 Lewis Cass, American politician