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ⓘ Cupuaçu, also spelled Cupuassu and Copoasu, is a tropical rainforest tree related to Cacao. Common throughout the Amazon basin, it is widely cultivated in the n ..




Cupuaçu
                                     

ⓘ Cupuaçu

Cupuaçu, also spelled Cupuassu and Copoasu, is a tropical rainforest tree related to Cacao. Common throughout the Amazon basin, it is widely cultivated in the north of Brazil. The largest production occurs in Para, followed by Amazonas, Rondonia and Acre.

Cupuaçu trees usually are between 5 and 15 meters 16 to 50 feet tall. Some trees can reach 20 meters 65 feet. They have brown bark. Their leaves are 25–35 cm 10–14 in long and 6–10 cm 2–4 in across. These leaves have 9 or 10 pairs of veins. As they mature, their leaves change colour from pink-tinted to green. Eventually they begin bearing fruit. Cupuaçu fruits are oblong, brown, and fuzzy, 20 cm 8 in long, 1–2 kg 2–4 lb in weight, and covered with a thick 4–7 mm, hard exocarp.

The white pulp of the cupuaçu is uniquely fragrant. It contains theacrine 1.3.7.9-tetramethyluric acid instead of the xanthines found in cacao. Cupuaçu can replace cocoa in many day-to-day foods, especially for children, such as chocolate milk. It is frequently used in desserts, juices and sweets. Cupuaçu seeds can be made into cupulate, which looks and tastes just like chocolate but is cheaper and more resistant to heat. Asahi Foods, a Japanese company, once tried to patent the production and use of Cupuaçu seed fat, but they failed.

The wood is also commonly used for timber.

                                     
  • Cacao tree, the source of cocoa and chocolate. Other well - known trees are Cupuaçu and Mocambo. Theobroma species are used as food plants by the larvae of