ⓘ Amarna period. The Amarna period was an era of Ancient Egypt in the last half of the Eighteenth dynasty. The royal residence of the pharaoh and his queen was sh ..

Amarna period

ⓘ Amarna period

The Amarna period was an era of Ancient Egypt in the last half of the Eighteenth dynasty.

The royal residence of the pharaoh and his queen was shifted to Akhetaten Horizon of the Aten in what is now Amarna. It was marked by the reign of Amenhotep IV, who changed his name to Akhenaten 1353–1336 BC. This was to underline the dramatic change of Egypts polytheistic religion into one where the sun disc Aten was worshipped over all other gods. Aten was not solely worshipped the religion was not monotheistic, but other gods were worshipped to a significantly lesser degree. The Egyptian pantheon of the equality of all gods and goddesses was restored under Akhenatens successor.

During Akhenatens reign, royal portraiture changed. Sculptures of Akhenaten are different from those of earlier pharaohs. Akhenaten is shown in an androgynous less manly and stylized manner, with large thighs, a slim torso, drooping belly, full lips, and a long neck and nose. Some believe that the break with convention was due to "the presence at Amarna of new people or groups of artists whose background and training were different from those of the Karnak sculptors".

The events following Akhenatens death are unclear and the identity and policies of his co-regent and immediate successor Smenkhkare are unclear.


1. Tutankhamun and the Amarna succession

Tutankhamun died before he was twenty years old, and the dynastys final years clearly were shaky. The royal line of the dynasty died out with Tutankhamun. Two fetuses found buried in his tomb may have been his twin daughters who would have continued the royal lineage, according to a 2008 investigation.

The last two members of the eighteenth dynasty – Ay and Horemheb – became rulers from the ranks of officials in the royal court. may have married the widow of Tutankhamun in order to get power and she did not live long afterward. Ays reign was short. His successor was Horemheb, a general in the Egyptian army, who had been a diplomat in the administration of Tutankhamun. He may have been named as a successor by the childless Tutankhamun. Horemheb may have taken the throne away from Ay in a coup. He also died childless and appointed his successor, Paramessu who, under the name Ramesses I, ascended the throne in 1292 BC. He was the first pharaoh of the Nineteenth dynasty.

  • BC and abandoned shortly afterwards. The Amarna period is the time when Amarna was the capital. Amarna is the Arabic name for the place. The name
  • 1069 BC 700 BC the Third Intermediate period 1069 BC 700 BC but starting earlier with the Amarna period 1353 BC Demotic writing Demotic 7th
  • the Roman Period cemeteries at Hawara. These were famous for the beautiful mummy portraits in classical Roman style. He found objects at Amarna the city
  • of Mari and Hammurabi of Babylon. In the 15th century BC, during the Amarna Period there are letters between the Egyptian Kings Amenhotep III and Akhenaten
  • also used as territorial markers, as the boundary stelae of Akhenaten at Amarna or to commemorate military victories. They were widely used in the Mesopotamia
  • vigour and muscular power. Betsy Bryan The 18th Dynasty before the Amarna Period in The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, Oxford University Press, 2000
  • 3000 323 BC. Blackwell, Oxford. It remained so for several centuries the Amarna letters of the 14th century BC were largely written in Akkadian. Van der