ⓘ Thought is the operation of the brain in conscious activity. It may or may not be goal-directed, aimed at solving specific problems. It is not the only way brai ..


ⓘ Thought

Thought is the operation of the brain in conscious activity. It may or may not be goal-directed, aimed at solving specific problems. It is not the only way brains operate. Behaviour may occur as a result of instinct, and the adaptive unconscious may solve problems without a person being aware.

Other animals can use their brains to solve problems, but there is no way of telling whether they do so consciously. Thought is investigated by four or five academic disciplines, each in its own way. The disciplines include psychology, philosophy, biology, physiology, psychoanalysis and sociology.


1. Philosophy

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, functions, properties, and consciousness. The mind-body problem, i.e. the relationship of the mind to the body, especially the brain, is a central issue in philosophy of mind.


1.1. Philosophy The mind-body problem

The mind-body problem has to do with the explanation of the relationship that exists between minds, or mental processes, and bodily states or processes. The main aim of philosophers working in this area is to determine the nature of the mind and mental states/processes, and how - or even if - minds are affected by and can affect the body.

Our perceptual experiences depend on stimuli which arrive at our various sensory organs from the external world and these stimuli cause changes in our mental states, ultimately causing us to feel a sensation, which may be pleasant or unpleasant. Someones desire for a hat, for example, will tend to cause that person to move his or her body in a specific manner and in a specific direction to obtain what he or she wants. The question, then, is how it can be possible for conscious experiences to arise out of a lump of gray matter endowed with nothing but electrochemical properties. A related problem is to explain how someones beliefs and desires can cause that individuals neurons to fire and his muscles to contract in exactly the correct manner. These comprise some of the puzzles that have confronted epistemologists and philosophers of mind from at least the time of Rene Descartes.

  • In psychiatry the term thought disorder or formal thought disorder refers to a condition where people have problems with consistent and straight thinking
  • A thought experiment is an experiment that takes place in the mind of a scientist. Unlike with a real - life experiment where change is actually seen and
  • Intrusive thoughts are obsessive repeating unwanted thoughts that someone has that make them feel sad, angry, annoyed, embarrassed, depressed, or even
  • giant supercomputer. It was created by another supercomputer, Deep Thought Deep Thought had been built to give the answer to the Ultimate Question of Life
  • plays a detective in this movie. Mortal Thoughts on IMDb Mortal Thoughts at Box Office Mojo Mortal Thoughts at Rotten Tomatoes This short article about
  • Romulus and Remus founded it. Varro thought that was in the spring of 753 BC. Marcus Porcius Cato Censorius thought that Rome was founded one year after
  • different schools of thought are not different beliefs but different views In Shia Islam there is one main school of thought it is called Ja fari
  • give much information about it. The element has no present uses. It is thought that the chemistry of rutherfordium will be like the chemistry of hafnium
  • the Hebrew Bible, thought to be a continuation of the Book of Ezra, and is sometimes called the second book of Ezra. It is thought to be written by Nehemiah
  • Feeling happy may help people to relax and to smile. Happiness is usually thought of as the opposite of sadness. However, it is possible to feel both at
  • meaning, but rotates is the spin of the object. Many years ago, people thought that the Sun orbits in a circle around the earth. Every morning the Sun