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ⓘ Creswell Crags is a limestone gorge on the border between Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, England. It is near the villages of Creswell and Whitwell. The cliffs ..




Creswell Crags
                                     

ⓘ Creswell Crags

Creswell Crags is a limestone gorge on the border between Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, England. It is near the villages of Creswell and Whitwell.

The cliffs in the ravine have several caves. The caves were occupied during the last ice age, between around 43.000 and 10.000 years ago. They have the northernmost cave art in Europe. The evidence of occupation is found in the rich series of sediments that accumulated over many thousands of years. It is internationally unique in showing how prehistoric people lived at the extreme northernmost limits of their territory in the later Pleistocene Ice Age.

The caves have layers with flint tools from the Mousterian, and later cultures. They were seasonally occupied by nomadic groups of people during the Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic periods. Evidence of Neolithic, Bronze Age, Roman and post-medieval activity has also been found there. There is evidence of Neanderthal occupation 50.000–60.000 years ago, a brief Gravettian occupation around 32.000 years ago and use of all the main caves during the Magdalenian around 14.000 years ago. The site is open to the public and has a visitor centre with a small museum of objects.

Creswell Crags has been designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest SSSI. It has also been put forward as a potential World Heritage Site.

In 2006–07, the B6042 road was re-routed from its path through the gorge, by approximately 150 metres 160 yd to the north, to minimise traffic impact on the site.

  • Note: Other images of the caves can be got by going to the details behind the image at Commons: click the image as a first step, then explore.
                                     

1. Caves

The most occupied caves were:

  • Robin Hoods Cave. where a bone engraved with a horses head was found. Its occupants hunted and trapped woolly rhinoceros and Arctic hare.
  • Mother Grundys Parlour, which had many flint tools and split bones. It was occupied until Mesolithic times, c. 16.000 years ago.
  • Church Hole has more than 80 engravings on its walls and was occupied off and on until Roman times.
  • The Pin Hole. Here a human figure engraved on bone was found in the 1920s. It is called the Pinhole Cave Man. There is also an ivory pin with etched lines.
                                     
  • Circle - English Heritage Sutton Scarsdale Hall - English Heritage Wingfield Manor - English Heritage Creswell Crags - pending World Heritage Site proposal
  • historical importance: Bolsover Castle, the cave art at Creswell Crags the houses of Creswell Model Village and the Horror Story Museum. The major work
  • and West Bridgford is now home of the county council. Clumber Park Creswell Crags Rufford Country Park Southwell Minster Sherwood Forest Ye Olde Trip
  • probably the caves of Altamira in Spain Lascaux in France or Creswell Crags in England. Sometimes, paintings were also done on cliff faces. Fewer
  • UNESCO, retrieved 2016 - 07 - 17 CS1 maint: discouraged parameter link Creswell Crags UNESCO, retrieved 2016 - 07 - 17 CS1 maint: discouraged parameter link