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ⓘ Thurgau. To the north of Thurgau is Lake Constance, across which are Germany and Austria. The river Rhine makes the border in the northwest. To the south is the ..




Thurgau
                                     

ⓘ Thurgau

To the north of Thurgau is Lake Constance, across which are Germany and Austria. The river Rhine makes the border in the northwest. To the south is the Canton of St. Gallen; to the west are the cantons of Zurich and Schaffhausen.

The area of the canton is 991 km 2 and is usually divided into three hilly areas. One of these is along Lake Constance to the north. Another is inland between the rivers Thur and Murg. The third one makes the southern border of the canton and comes together with the Hornli mountain in the pre-Alps.

                                     

1. History

In prehistoric times the lands of the canton were inhabited by people of the Pfyn culture along the lake. During Roman times the canton was part of the province Raetia until in 450 the lands were settled by the Alamanni. It was only in the 8th century that the canton became a political unit similar to what it is known today, as a Gau of the Frankish Empire. At the time, however, the area was not so clearly defined and changed frequently. Overall, the size of the Thurgau was larger, but during the Middle Ages the canton became smaller in size. The dukes of Zahringen and the counts of Kyburg took over much of the land. The town of Zurich was part of the Thurgau until it became reichsunmittelbar in 1218. When the Kyburg dynasty became extinct in 1264 the Habsburgs took over that land. The Swiss confederation allied with ten freed bailiwicks of the former Toggenburg seized the lands of the Thurgau from the Habsburgs in 1460, and it became subject territory of Zurich.

In 1798 the land became a canton for the first time as part of the Helvetic Republic. In 1803 the canton of Thurgau became a member of the Swiss confederation. The current cantonal constitution dates from 1987.

                                     

2. Economy

The canton of Thurgau is known for farm produce such as apples, pears, and other fruits and vegetables. The many orchards in the canton are used for the making of cider. Wine is produced in the Thur valley.

There is also industry in the canton of Thurgau. The main industries are printing, clothing and arts and crafts. Small and middle-sized businesses are important for the economy. Many of these are concentrated around the capital.

                                     

3. Districts

The Canton of Thurgau is divided into eight districts, and each is named after its capital:

  • Frauenfeld with capital Frauenfeld.
  • Munchwilen with capital Munchwilen.
  • Kreuzlingen with capital Kreuzlingen.
  • Diessenhofen with capital Diessenhofen.
  • Bischofszell with capital Bischofszell.
  • Weinfelden with capital Weinfelden.
  • Arbon with capital Arbon.
  • Steckborn with capital Steckborn.
                                     
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