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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a large area in the northeast of the Mediterranean Sea, where people spoke the Greek language. It was much bigger than the nation of Greece we know today. It was the civilization of Greece, from the archaic period of the 8th/6th centuries BC to 146 BC. The period ended with the Roman conquest of Greece in the Battle of Corinth. For most of this time, the Greeks did not have a single government or ruler. They did, however, have a common language and culture. The Greek language is an Indo-European language. There were a number of city states, each with its own constitution ...


300 (graphic novel)

300 is a graphic novel written and drawn by Frank Miller and colored by Lynn Varley. It tells the story of the Spartans, the Persians, and the Battle of Thermopylae. The individual volumes were collected and reprinted in their entire by Dark Horse in 1999. Publishers Weekly wrote: "Form and content are ideally wedded: Millers writing is stark, his drawings moody and dramatic, and intensified by Varleys grimly appropriate palette of earth and blood. The reader can see and feel the harshness of both the Grecian landscape and Spartas battle-worshipping culture, as Miller presents the complex ...


The 300 Spartans

The 300 Spartans is a 1962 Cinemascope movie depicting the Battle of Thermopylae. It was shot in the village of Perachora in the Peloponnese. It stars Richard Egan as the Spartan king Leonidas I, Ralph Richardson as Themistocles of Athens, and David Farrar as Persian king Xerxes. Diane Baker as Ellas and Barry Coe as Phylon provide the romantic element. The movie is about a force of Greek warriors led by 300 Spartans which fights against an enormous Persian army. The Spartans will not flee or surrender, even if it means their deaths. When it was released in 1962, critics saw the movie as a ...


Alexandra (Lykrophon)

Alexandra is a work by the Greek poet Lykophron, who is only known through this work. It was written between 196 and 190 BC. The work has 1474 lines, which are done in jambic trimeters. This is what most Greek tragedies were written in.



Allotment, also known as sortition, is a method of selection by some form of lottery. It is used to have an equal chance to be selected for those that are involved. For instance it is done by drawing coloured pebbles from a bag. In the democracy of Athens in Ancient Greece sortition was the main method for appointing officials. People thought it this method was one of the principal characteristics of democracy. Aristotle saw equality and democracy in a close context: "Democracy arose from the idea that those who are equal in any respect are equal absolutely. All are alike free, therefore t ...


Ancient Greek

Ancient Greek was an Indo-European language spoken in Ancient Greece from the 9th to the 4th centuries BC. Ancient Greek and Latin are very important languages. Although they are no longer spoken, they influenced almost all modern European languages. Greek had many different dialects. Attic Greek was spoken in Athens, the largest city, and was thought to be the purest form of Greek. Later, in the educated Roman world, children were taught Greek as a second language just as many people now learn English as their second language. Koine Greek was the common language of Greeks. It was Attic Gr ...

Greek chorus

Greek chorus

A chorus in a classical Greek play typically serving to formulate, express, and comment on the moral issue that is raised by the dramatic action or to express an emotion appropriate to each stage of the dramatic conflict.


Philo of Byzantium

Philo of Byzantium. He was also known as Philo Mechanicus. He was a Greek engineer, physicist and writer on mechanics. Although from Byzantium, he lived most of his life in Alexandria, Egypt. Philo was the author of a large work, Mechanike syntaxis Compendium of Mechanics.



Praxiteles was the most famous of the sculptors of the 4th century BC. He was the first to sculpt the nude female form in a life-size statue. While no sculpture by Praxiteles is extant, numerous copies of his works have survived. Several authors, including Pliny the Elder, wrote of his works. Coins engraved with silhouettes of his various famous statuary types from the period still exist. His works include Hermes and the Infant Dionysus.

Xenia (Greek)

Xenia (Greek)

Xenia is the Ancient Greek concept of hospitality. Xenia means "guest-friendship". It is a bond between the guest and the host. It is marked by gifts from the guest and shelter from the host. It plays an important part in Homers epic poem the Odyssey.