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ⓘ January 11. 2005 – Black Tuesday bushfires swept across the southern Eyre Peninsula in South Australia. 1994 – Irish Government announces the end of a 15-year b ..




                                     

ⓘ January 11

  • 2005 – Black Tuesday bushfires swept across the southern Eyre Peninsula in South Australia.
  • 1994 – Irish Government announces the end of a 15-year broadcasting ban on the IRA and its political arm Sinn Fein
  • 1982 – A cold snap sends temperatures to record lows in dozens of cities throughout the Midwestern United States.
  • 1960 – Chad declares its independence.
  • 1981 - In Spain, Cantabria becomes an autonomous community.
  • 1964 – United States Surgeon General Luther Leonidas Terry reports smoking may be hazardous to health. First such statement from US government.
  • 1986 – The Gateway Bridge, Brisbane in Queensland, Australia was officially opened.
  • 1954 - A series of avalanches in the state of Vorarlberg in Austria kills 135 people.
  • 1996 - Ryutaro Hashimoto becomes Prime Minister of Japan.
  • 2018 - US President Donald Trump is involved in a racism controversy over words he is said to have used to describe Haiti, El Salvador and African countries.
  • 1976 - In Ecuador, Guillermo Rodriguez Lara is removed from power by the military.
  • 2002 - The first prisoners arrive at the US detention center in Guantanamo Bay, on the island of Cuba.
  • 2015 - Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic is elected to become the first female President of Croatia.
  • 1963 – The Whisky A Go-Go night club in Los Angeles, the first disco in the USA, is opened.
  • 1980 – Nigel Short, 14, is the youngest chess player to be given the degree of International Master.
  • 2015 - Over a million people march in Paris for freedom of speech after the attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine a few days earlier.
  • 1998 – Sidi-Hamed massacre in Algeria; over 100 people killed.
  • 2001 – The Federal Trade Commission approved the merger of AOL and Time Warner to form AOL Time Warner.
  • 1973 – Beginning of the Watergate burglars trial.
  • 1962 - Cold War: While tied to its pier in Polyarny, the Soviet submarine B-37 is destroyed when fire breaks out in its torpedo compartment.
  • 1974 – The worlds first surviving set of sextuplets are born to Susan Rosenkowitz in Cape Town, South Africa.
  • 1962 – An avalanche occurs in the Huascaran region in Peru; 4.000 deaths.
  • 1990 – 300.000 march in favor of Lithuanian independence.
  • 2013 - President of France François Hollande authorizes military intervention in the conflict in Mali.
  • 1996 – Haiti becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1972 – East Pakistan becomes Bangladesh.
  • 2003 – Illinois governor George H. Ryan announces decision to grant clemency to all inmates of death row.
  • 1957 – The African Convention is founded in Dakar.
  • 1992 – Paul Simon is the first major artist to tour South Africa after the end of the cultural boycott.
                                     

1.1. Births Up to 1900

  • 1858 – Harry Gordon Selfridge, American retailer d. 1947
  • 1760 - Oliver Wolcott, Jr., American politician d. 1833
  • 1897 – August Heissmeyer, German SS officer d. 1979
  • 1865 - Johannes Franz Hartmann, German astronomer d. 1936
  • 1805 - Johann Nepomuk Geiger, Austrian painter d. 1880
  • 1671 - François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, French military leader d. 1745
  • 1815 – John A. Macdonald, Scottish-born first Prime Minister of Canada d. 1891
  • 1638 – Nicolaus Steno, Danish physician, scientist and bishop d. 1686
  • 1899 - Eva Le Gallienne, English-American actress d. 1991
  • 1788 - William Thomas Brande, English chemist d. 1866
  • 1890 - Harold Bride, British wireless officer on the RMS Titanic d. 1956
  • 1859 - George Nathaniel Curzon, British Viceroy of India d. 1925
  • 1872 - Wilfred Baddeley, British tennis player d. 1929
  • 1757 - Samuel Bentham, English mechanical engineer d. 1831
  • 1838 - Giovanni Cagliero, Italian diplomat d. 1926
  • 1853 – Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter d. 1926
  • 347 – Theodosius I, Roman Emperor d. 395
  • 1870 – Alexander Stirling Calder, American sculptor d. 1945
  • 1359 – Emperor Go-Enyu of Japan d. 1393
  • 1885 - Alice Paul, American suffragette and womens rights activist d. 1977
  • 1852 – Constantin Fehrenbach, Chancellor of Germany d. 1926
  • 1862 - Joseph Nelson Rose, American botanist d. 1928
  • 1209 - Mongke Khan, Mongol Emperor d. 1259
  • 1503 - Parmigianino, Italian artist d. 1540
  • 1839 - Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Puerto Rican educator and nationalist d. 1903
  • 1793 - Cave Johnson, American politician d. 1866
  • 1395 - Michelle of Valois, Duchess of Burgundy d. 1422
  • 1642 - Johann Friedrich Alberti, German composer and organist d. 1710
  • 1786 – Joseph Jackson Lister, English optician and physicist d. 1869
  • 1872 - George Joseph Smith, British serial killer d. 1915
  • 1755 or 1757 – Alexander Hamilton, American politician d. 1804
  • 1872 - Herbert Baddeley, British tennis player d. 1931
  • 1895 – Laurens Hammond, American inventor d. 1973
  • 1814 - William Bigler, 12th Governor of Pennsylvania d. 1880
  • 1878 - Theodoros Pangalos, Greek general d. 1952
  • 1868 - Cai Yuanpei, Chinese philosopher, academic and politician d. 1940
  • 1807 - Ezra Cornell, American businessman and university founder d. 1874
  • 1814 - James Paget, English surgeon and pathologist d. 1899
  • 1591 - Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general d. 1646
  • 1322 – Emperor Komyo of Japan d. 1380
  • 1695 - Francis Scott, 2nd Duke of Buccleuch, Scottish nobleman d. 1751
  • 1842 – William James, American psychologist and philosopher d. 1910
                                     

1.2. Births 1901 – 1950

  • 1926 - Grant Tinker, American television executive d. 2016
  • 1940 - Andres Tarand, Estonian geographer and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1949 - Bogdan Borusewicz, Polish historian and politician
  • 1924 – Slim Harpo, American musician d. 1970
  • 1938 – Arthur Scargill, British politician and activist
  • 1944 - Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic d. 1989
  • 1911 - Nora Heysen, Australian artist d. 2003
  • 1941 – Gerson, Brazilian footballer
  • 1936 - Eva Hesse, German sculptor d. 1970
  • 1949 - Daryl Braithwaite, Australian rock music singer
  • 1932 - Alfonso Arau, Mexican movie director
  • 1942 - Bud Acton, American basketball player
  • 1924 – Don Cherry, American singer and golfer d. 2018
  • 1934 – Jean Chretien, 20th Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1908 - Lionel Stander, American actor d. 1994
  • 1929 - Rafael Eitan, Israeli general and politician d. 2004
  • 1944 - Shibu Soren, Indian politician
  • 1926 - Lev Dyomin, Soviet cosmonaut d. 1998
  • 1901 - Kwak Ki-ok, Korean pilot d. 1988
  • 1903 - Alan Paton, South African writer and activist d. 1988
  • 1949 - Paco Ignacio Taibo II, Mexican writer
  • 1934 - Charles Antony Richard Hoare, British computer scientist
  • 1918 - Gunnar Sonsteby, Norwegian Resistance activist d. 2012
  • 1946 - John Piper, American theologian
  • 1906 – Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist d. 2008
  • 1923 - Ernst Nolte, German historian and philosopher d. 2016
  • 1917 - John Robarts, 17th Premier of Ontario d. 1982
  • 1949 - Chris Ford, American basketball player
  • 1946 - Naomi Judd, American singer
  • 1902 - Maurice Durufle, French composer d. 1986
  • 1938 - Frankie Randall, American singer-songwriter, actor and dancer d. 2014
  • 1930 - Rod Taylor, Australian actor d. 2015
  • 1942 – Clarence Clemons, American musician d. 2011
  • 1907 – Pierre Mendes France, Prime Minister of France d. 1982
  • 1924 – Roger Guillemin, French Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1928 - Mitchell Ryan, American actor
  • 1938 - Gavin Millar, Scottish movie director
  • 1923 - Jerome Bixby, American author and scriptwriter d. 1998
  • 1949 - David Rotem, Israeli politician d. 2015
  • 1946 - Tony Kaye, British pianist and organist
  • 1911 - Brunhilde Pomsel, German broadcaster d. 2017
  • 1911 – Zenko Suzuki, Prime Minister of Japan d. 2004
  • 1945 – Christine Kaufmann, Austrian-German actress d. 2017
  • 1910 - Nikos Kavvadias, Greek poet and writer d. 1975
  • 1949 - Mohammad Reza Rahimi, 2nd Vice President of Iran
  • 1930 - Ron Mulock, Australian politician d. 2014
  • 1943 - Eduardo Mendoza, Spanish writer
  • 1948 – Terry Williams, Welsh rock drummer Dire Straits
  • 1923 - Carroll Shelby, American racing driver, automobile designer and businessman d. 2012
  • 1948 - Wajima Hiroshi, Japanese sumo wrestler
                                     

1.3. Births 1951 – 1975

  • 1957 - Claude Criquielion, Belgian cyclist d. 2015
  • 1958 – Vicki Peterson, American musician
  • 1952 - Ben Crenshaw, American golfer
  • 1957 – Bryan Robson, English footballer
  • 1961 – Jasper Fforde, British writer
  • 1954 - Vicky Peña, Spanish actress
  • 1968 - Tom Dumont, American musician
  • 1961 – Karl Habsburg-Lothringen, Austro-Hungarian nobleman, son of Otto von Habsburg
  • 1953 - John Sessions, Scottish actor
  • 1975 - Matteo Renzi, Italian politician, former Mayor of Florence and Prime Minister of Italy from 2014 to 2016
  • 1962 - Chris Bryant, British politician
  • 1971 – Mary J. Blige, American singer
  • 1956 - Israel Yinon, Israeli conductor d. 2015
  • 1973 - Rockmond Dunbar, American actor
  • 1969 - Manny Acta, Dominican baseball player
  • 1970 - Manfredi Beninati, Italian painter and sculptor
  • 1954 - Barbara Prammer, Austrian politician d. 2014
  • 1975 - Timbuktu, Swedish rapper
  • 1973 – Rahul Dravid, Indian cricketer
  • 1952 - Lee Ritenour, American guitarist, composer and producer
  • 1972 – Amanda Peet, American actress
  • 1952 - Diana Gabaldon, American author
  • 1952 - Bille Brown, Australian actor and playwright d. 2013
  • 1963 - Jason Connery, British actor
  • 1971 - Tom Ward, British actor
  • 1954 - Kailash Satyarthi, Indian childrens rights activist, joint-winner of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1962 – Kim Coles, American actress
  • 1970 - Malcolm D. Lee, American actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1964 - Yolanda Hadid, Dutch-American television personality and model
  • 1970 - Mustafa Sandal, Turkish pop singer, producer, dancer and actor
  • 1957 - Darryl Dawkins, American basketball player d. 2015
  • 1972 - Konstantin Khabensky, Russian entertainer and actor
  • 1974 – Jens Nowotny, German footballer
  • 1951 - Philip Tartaglia, Scottish Roman Catholic Archbishop of Glasgow
  • 1965 - Edyta Bartosiewicz, Polish singer, songwriter and composer
  • 1970 - Chris Jent, American basketball player and coach
  • 1961 - Eva O, American musician and singer-songwriter


                                     

1.4. Births From 1976

  • 1978 – Emile Heskey, English footballer
  • 1997 - Cody Simpson, Australian singer
  • 1981 - Tom Meighan, English singer Kasabian
  • 1980 - Geovanni, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Kazuki Nakajima, Japanese racing driver
  • 1984 - Vagner Love, Brazilian footballer
  • 1991 - Hyolyn, South Korean actress
  • 1992 - Lee Seung-hoon, South Korean rapper, choreographer and songwriter
  • 1982 - Ashley Taylor Dawson, English actor
  • 1981 – Jamelia, English singer
  • 1986 - Rachel Riley, English television host
  • 1996 - Leroy Sane, German footballer
  • 1983 – Adrian Sutil, German racing driver
  • 1987 - Jamie Vardy, English footballer
  • 1988 - Junjun, Chinese singer
  • 1981 – Jaime Valdes, Chilean footballer
  • 1998 - Louisa Johnson, English singer
  • 1980 - Gokdeniz Karadeniz, Turkish footballer
  • 1988 - LunchMoney Lewis, American hip hop singer
  • 1977 - Jerome Kerviel, French bank employee
                                     

2.1. Deaths Up to 1900

  • 1801 – Domenico Cimarosa, Italian composer b. 1749
  • 1843 – Francis Scott Key, American lawyer and lyricist b. 1779
  • 1495 – Pedro Gonzalez de Mendoza, Spanish cardinal and statesman b. 1428
  • 1763 – Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian and poet b. 1676
  • 844 - Michael I Rhangabes, Byzantine Emperor
  • 1753 - Hans Sloane, Ulster-Scottish physician and collector b. 1660
  • 705 – Pope John VI
  • 1882 – Theodor Schwann, German physiologist b. 1810
  • 1696 - Charles Albanel, French priest, missionary and scholar b. 1616
  • 1083 - Otto Nordheim, Duke of Bavaria b. 1020
  • 1867 – Stuart Donaldson, colonial governor of New South Wales b. 1812
  • 1055 – Constantine IX Monomachos, Byzantine Emperor b. 1000
  • 1713 - Pierre Jurieu, French Protestant leader b. 1637
  • 1762 – Louis-François Roubiliac, French sculptor b. 1695
  • 1494 - Domenico Ghirlandaio, Italian artist b. 1449
  • 1798 - Erekle II, King of Kartli and Kakheti in present-day Georgia b. 1720
  • 1812 - Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch, Scottish nobleman b. 1746
  • 1547 - Pietro Bembo, Italian cardinal, scholar and theorist b. 1470
  • 782 - Emperor Konin of Japan b. 709
  • 812 – Staurakios, Byzantine Emperor
                                     

2.2. Deaths 1901 – 2000

  • 1966 – Alberto Giacometti, Swiss sculptor b. 1901
  • 1914 – Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer b. 1842
  • 1988 – Isidor Isaac Rabi, American physicist b. 1898
  • 1901 - Vasily Kalinnikov, Russian composer b. 1866
  • 1928 – Thomas Hardy, English writer b. 1840
  • 1947 - Eva Tanguay, Canadian-born singer and entertainer b. 1879
  • 1998 – Klaus Tennstedt, German conductor b. 1926
  • 1985 - William McKell, Premier of New South Wales and Governor-General of Australia b. 1891
  • 1966 – Hannes Kolehmainen, Finnish runner b. 1889
  • 1958 - Edna Purviance, Canadian-born singer and entertainer b. 1895
  • 1985 - Edward Buzzell, American actor, director and screenwriter b. 1895
  • 1991 – Carl David Anderson, American physicist b. 1905
  • 1980 - Barbara Pym, English novelist b. 1913
  • 1966 – Lal Bahadur Shastri, Prime Minister of India b. 1904
  • 1923 – King Constantine I of Greece b. 1868
  • 1965 – Wally Pipp, American baseball player b. 1893
  • 1994 - Helmut Poppendick, German physician b. 1902
  • 1953 – Noe Zhordania, Georgian politician b. 1868
  • 1944 - Galeazzo Ciano, Italian politician b. 1903
  • 1968 - Moshe Zvi Segal, Israeli linguist and scholar b. 1876
  • 1941 – Emanuel Lasker, German chess player b. 1868
  • 1975 - Max Lorenz, German tenor b. 1901
  • 1996 - Roger Crozier, Canadian-American ice hockey player, coach and manager b. 1942
  • 1972 - Padraic Colum, Irish poet, novelist, dramatist and biographer b. 1881


                                     

2.3. Deaths From 2001

  • 2015 - Jeno Buzansky, Hungarian footballer b. 1925
  • 2016 - Berge Furre, Norwegian historian, theologian and politician b. 1937
  • 2019 - Steffan Lewis, Welsh politician b. 1984
  • 2017 - François Van der Elst, Belgian footballer b. 1954
  • 2018 - Doug Barnard, Jr., American politician b. 1922
  • 2009 - Pio Laghi, Italian cardinal b. 1922
  • 2014 - Vugar Gashimov, Azerbaijani chess player b. 1986
  • 2008 – Edmund Hillary, New Zealand mountaineer and explorer b. 1919
  • 2017 - Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani politician, Governor of Sindh b. 1938
  • 2017 - Brian Fletcher, English jockey b. 1947
  • 2016 - William Del Monte, American centenarian b. 1906
  • 2017 - Newman Hoar, New Zealand cricketer b. 1920
  • 2017 - Tony Booth, English artist b. 1933
  • 2019 - Dimitris Sioufas, Greek politician b. 1944
  • 2015 - Chic Littlewood, New Zealand television personality b. 1930
  • 2018 - Takis Loukanidis, Greek footballer b. 1937
  • 2015 - Brian Clemens, British screenwriter b. 1931
  • 2014 - Arnoldo Foà, Italian actor b. 1916
  • 2017 - Adenan Satem, Malaysian politician, 5th Chief Minister of Sarawak b. 1944
  • 2015 - Anita Ekberg, Swedish actress b. 1931
  • 2003 – Mickey Finn, English drummer T.Rex b. 1947
  • 2016 - David Margulies, American actor b. 1937
  • 2017 - Nikolay Neprimerov, Russian physicist b. 1921
  • 2010 – Miep Gies, Dutch humanitarian, helper of Anne Frank b. 1909
  • 2016 - Brian Johnson, Australian rugby league player b. 1956
  • 2018 - Stephane Gauger, Vietnamese-American film director b. 1969
  • 2016 - Gunnel Vallquist, Swedish writer and translator b. 1918
  • 2016 - Monte Irvin, American baseball player b. 1919
  • 2013 - Mariangela Melato, Italian actress b. 1941
  • 2014 - Ariel Sharon, Israeli general and politician, former Prime Minister of Israel b. 1928
  • 2017 - Tommy Allsup, American musician b. 1931
  • 2013 - Aaron Swartz, American computer programmer, writer and internet activist b. 1986
  • 2014 - Keiko Awaji, Japanese actress b. 1933
  • 2019 - Michael Atiyah, British-Lebanese mathematician b. 1929
  • 2018 - Edgar Ray Killen, American convicted murderer b. 1925
  • 2013 - Nguyen Khanh, South Vietnamese politician b. 1927
  • 2010 – Eric Rohmer, French movie director b. 1920
  • 2014 - Muhammad Habibur Rahman, Bangladeshi jurist and politician b. 1929